Common Injuries, Traumas and Incidents and How to Treat them Correctly
When it comes to taking care of everyday injuries and problems we usually turn to the information passed to us from our parents. Overtime treatments do change, and it is important to ensure that you are getting all the information you need to effectively offer treatment to yourself and your family. Below are some everyday traumas that we go through and ways to efficiently deal with the situations.
Just remember that consulting a doctor in certain situations is very important. Internet diagnosis of a condition can lead to complications and further issues. This article is for general information purposes only and you should consult your doctor if necessary.
When you get a nose bleed what is the first thing someone says to you? "Tilt your head back." Right? Wrong! If you tilt your head back all you are doing is encouraging the blood that would be running out of your nose to run down the back of your throat, and who wants to swallow blood.
Instead, pinch your nose gently in the soft area just below the bone and tilt your head forward. You are going to see more blood this way because it will come out of your nose instead of going down your throat, so have tissue ready. Make sure that you don't blow your nose hard to remove blood but rather blow gently to remove clots from your nasal passages if necessary. Apply light pressure if the blood flow doesn't stop or gets worse with in 10 minutes. Repeat for up to 30 minutes. If it hasn't stopped within 30 minutes or has gotten worse at any time you should seek medical attention. Watch the video below for further information on nose bleed treatments.
How to Treat a Run of the Mill Nose Bleed
When a fever occurs our first instinct is to get our bodies back to normal, but how you do that and when you choose to do it are very important.
If the fever is only 38 °C (100.4 F) degrees it is called a low-grade fever and generally needs no treatment at all. Your body temperature will rise when you have an infection, whether it is bacteria or viral really doesn't matter. The human body is capable of fighting off infections on its own, some viruses and bacteria will be killed off by this body temperature rise. Normally you will be advised not to treat these fevers and let the body heal itself.
When a fever starts to get higher it is time to start treating it, but what is the best approach? The problem is that some ways people use to bring down a fever work, but are not actually safe.
- Treating a fever by applying rubbing alcohol to the skin does work, but is NOT a good idea. This can lead to alcohol poisoning either through skin absorption or through inhaling the fumes from the rubbing alcohol. It can also cool the body down too fast which leads to your body trying to heat back up and increasing the fever in the end.
- Treating a fever by rubbing ice on your skin is also NOT a good idea. Ice can actually burn your skin, just like heat can. This will just cause damage to skin cells and make it harder to recover. The same thing happens if you take a cold bath, it just prompts the body to heat back up. Using a cool/warm cloth and sponge bathing is the best solution or a luke-warm bath to slowing lower body temperature.
- Fevers can require medical attention and/or fever reducing medications if they do not break on their own or if they reach high than 103 F (39.4 C).
Let's be honest. There really isn't a cure all for a hangover once you have one, but there are a few ways to try to avoid one in the first place.
If you have a bite to eat before you go out drinking it might help you stave off a hangover, but not for the reasons you think it does. The food you eat isn't actually 'absorbing' the alcohol and making it harder for your body to absorb, a very different process is happening. When you drink anything, the valves in your stomach don't close which allows the liquid to go through your system for fast absorption. However when you eat your stomach needs to close these valves to keep the food in your stomach for digestion. If you are drinking alcohol at the same time it will also stay in your stomach where it is not absorbed as quickly, giving your liver more time to process the alcohol and therefore helping your body recover faster. Just be careful what you are eating and remember that alcohol has a lot of calories too.
Drinking more the morning after is something that many people stand by. "Stay drunk, no hangover." In reality this isn't a very good solution to your problem as you will have to sober up sometime, hopefully. All having another drink will do is temporarily make you feel good/drunk again, it will certainly not help assist with curing your hangover.
The idea that drinking coffee with help you with a hangover has been around for a long time as well. The problem with this is that you are likely feeling hungover in the first place due in part to dehydration, coffee isn't going to fix this. Instead, drink water throughout your night. It is recommended that you drink 8 ounces for every alcoholic drink you are consuming. The pop or juice mixed with your booze doesn't count! Keeping yourself from becoming dehydrated is your best defense when it comes to the next morning hangover.
I know, I know, the first thing that comes to mind is, "Pee on it." I realize that people have been saying this for a long time, and the fact that they put it on television isn't helping. This will not actually help very much, it might help because the warmth will calm the pain but that's about it. It pee can actually cause the stingers to activate releasing more venom into the body. Just skip the pee and move onto something that might actually make a difference in your recovery.
The way to treat the sting is going to depend on what kind of jellyfish you were stung by and where in the world you are.
No matter what you want to get the person out of the water right away, if the beach has a lifeguard send someone for the lifeguard and warn of jellyfish in the water.
If the area is a non-tropical area you will want to rinse with seawater to help deactivate the stingers.
If the area that you are in is tropical you will want to start rinsing the stingers with vinegar, most lifeguard stations will have vinegar on hand for treatment. The acid will help to deactivate the stingers and stop them from pumping venom into the persons body.
You should also scrape the effected skin with something flat, a card from your wallet is a great thing to use. When you scrape the card along the skin it will help to dislodge some of the stingers and therefore ease the pain of the sting and its later effects. Remember, unlike a bee sting there are 100's or 1000's of little stingers put into your skin by a jellyfish. Reapply seawater/vinegar after you have done this (again treatment depends on the area you are in).
If the person was stung by a box jellyfish you will need to seek medical attention right away. As these stings can be fatal if left untreated. Any sting cause cause health issue, if the victim is experience any symptoms of an allergic reaction seek medical help immediately.
Most of the time when people get stuffed up they reach for a decongestant or an allergy medication, but this might not be necessary.
Although I can only find a handful of studies done on this issues, one of which is included below, they all seems to come to the same conclusion, saline works as good if not better then drug decongestants. Although over a 2 week period people using the drugs felt less nasal pain, they actually has more congestion then the people using the saline solution.
It might be worth your while to pick up a $5.00 bottle of saline solution, or make it yourself with 1/4 tsp of sea salt in 1/2 cup of water (make sure to make it fresh daily). This concentration is also recommended for babies with congestion. Put 2 - 3 drops in each nostril and then make sure your nose is down for drainage. Never stick things in your nose to encourage drainage.
Taking a hot shower can also help clear your sinuses as the hot steam can lubricate and reduce swelling in clogged nasal passages. Just make sure it's not too hot, you don't want to burn your skin.
Drinking lots of clear liquids is also a great way to help with your nasal congestion. Having extra fluid in your body can help to thin out mucus to allow it to drain easier and also lubricate those sore nasal passages.
So you are in the kitchen and you pour kettle water on your hand, I've done this and let me tell you its super painful and can leave a scar. What are you supposed to do to stop the burning?
People tend to reach for a bag of frozen peas to take the heat from the burn and reduce its effects. This is actually going to do you more harm than good. Applying ice to your skin, even when it is not burned, can cause damage and pain. Instead opt for running cool water, not cold water, over the burn to relieve pain and skin damage.
Also do not try to treat the area with creams or lotions, these can make the burn worse.
If the burn is as large or larger than the palm of your hand, the redness doesn't go away with a cold water treatment, or is located on your face or a joint area make sure to seek medical attention as soon as possible.
You can apply cling wrap or a clean plastic bag to the wound to protect it from infection while on your way to seek medical treatment.
There are many ways to treat common aliments and injuries. Make sure that you are using one that will make the situation better, and not worse.