ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

Don't Let Breast Cancer Scare You To Death

Updated on January 18, 2018
Source

Ask any woman what she knows about breast cancer and I guarantee that there are two facts that she will be able to quote. One, that it runs in families and the other, that you have a 1 in 12 lifetime risk of getting it. But it's clearly not knowledge that enlightens. It frightens, as a recent survey from the Imperial Cancer Research Fund found.

For instance, 82% of young women aged between 16-24 were scared they they might get breast cancer, even though it is a vanishingly rare disease in this age group. Women aged 65 plus on the other hand, showed the lowest levels of concern, despite the greatest likelihood of breast cancer being in their 60-80 age group. So what's going on.

Family History

Take that 'got it in the family' bit for example. You'd think it meant that if your granny gets breast cancer, it's a ticking health time bomb as far as you are concerned. Not so. The greatest single risk factor for breast cancer (aside from being a woman) is age. And because women live longer now and because breast cancer is common, it is increasingly likely, especially if you come from a large family, that at least one or even two of your older relatives will have breast cancer diagnosed. But if it occurs for the first time in the family after the age of 65, it is highly unlikely to be the result of inherited breast cancer genes. These are not only rare, accounting for less than 5% of all breast cancers, but cause disease at a much younger age - usually before the menopause. So if your relatives were older when they developed their breast cancer, your risk is unlikely to be increased.

And what if you do have a mum or sister who was first diagnosed with breast cancer under the age of 40? Should you have gene testing? It is usually only suggested for women with four close relatives with either breast or ovarian cancer and for a very small number of these, it will help decide future care. If you are concerned, your GP can refer you to one of the specialist family cancer centres. Interestingly, the majority of women referred discover that their risk is far smaller than they had imagined.

Putting Risk Into Perspective

OK so let's get that 1 in 12 figure in perspective. It's your lifetime risk - put simply 1 in 12 women who reach the age of 75 (or 1 in 11 reaching 85) will have had breast cancer diagnosed at some point in their lives. They do not necessarily die from it, in fact many survive. And that's the other great myth. Women always die from breast cancer. Wrong. 70% survive five years - up to 90% if diagnosed early.

And when people talk about doubling your risk of breast cancer - say because you drink alcohol on a regular basis - does that mean you risk goes up to 1 in 6 instead of 1 in 12? Absolutely not. What's being talked about is relative risk - how a single factor, like say, alcohol, increases your risk compared to that of someone who drinks nothing but orange juice. But your risk varies with age - and age is the single most important risk factor for breast cancer. So, at the age of 30, women have a small risk of just 1 in 8000 of getting breast cancer. Doubling that risk makes it 1 in 4000. So twice a small risk is still a small risk. Got it?

Why The worry?

So if young women very rarely get breast cancer, why do they worry so much? It's like rapes and murders isn't it. Statistically cancer at a young age is rare, but reported so much, that you believe it to be more common than it is. And its also partly because whilst the under 30s are the least likely group to get cancer, they are the most likely to discover breast lumps. So called 'breast mice' (fibroadenoma) , the sort of lumps that skid about when you touch them, are most common in the 15-30 age group. Although the very act of referral to a specialist may scare you, be reassured, 9 out of 10 lumps investigated are benign.

Be positive about breast cancer. Get to know what is normal for you and if there are any changes report them quickly but don't automatically assume it's cancer. Do those things that are known to protect against breast cancer. Regular exercise, eating plenty of fruit and veg, keeping your weight down and cutting back on the booze. Above all, be enlightened, not frightened.

Comments

    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment

    No comments yet.

    working

    This website uses cookies

    As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, hubpages.com uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

    For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at: https://hubpages.com/privacy-policy#gdpr

    Show Details
    Necessary
    HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
    LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
    Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
    AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
    Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
    CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the googleapis.com or gstatic.com domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
    Features
    Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
    Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
    Marketing
    Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
    Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
    Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
    Statistics
    Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
    ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)