ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

Effective treatment for bipolar disorder

Updated on May 8, 2012

Bipolar disorder is a condition that causes shifts in an individual's thinking, mood and behavior, lasting for days, weeks or even months. This condition also known as manic depression is in two phases. There is the manic phase which is extreme on one hand and the depression on the other hand which is low.

Scientists have suggested that bipolar disorder may be caused by a number of factors including chemical imbalance within the brain, genetic factors and stress. Symptoms for the high phase includes increased sexual affairs, less sleep and food, unrealistic planning and overspending; while at the low phase a person might experience sadness and crying, excessive eating, disconnection from friends and family, depression, too much sleep and chronic pain.

After diagnosis the next thing is to get bipolar disorder treatment through either drug or non-drug treatment. Medical treatment for bipolar disorder is to reduce and treat the severity of episodes of depression and manic whenever they occur, avoids the cycling from one phase to another, help patients function between episodes and reduce the frequency of episodes.

For drug treatment the doctor might make use of benzodiazepine or antipsychotic drugs to control irritability, sleeplessness and hostility in mania bipolar disorder. But for general treatment the doctor will prescribe lithium, which is the best known drug for long-term bipolar disorder treatment for patients.

The doctor may also prescribe atiseizure drugs like oxcarbazepine (Trileptal), carbamazepine (Tegretol, Carbatrol, Equetro) Valproate (valproic acid), and lamotrigine (Lamictal). These drugs are known to be very effective for the treatment of bipolar disorder. Also drugs like zonisamide (Zonegran), gabapentin (Neurontin), and topiramate (Topamax) are been used or investigated for bipolar disorder treatment.

In addition to antiseizure drugs, atypical antipshycotic drugs like Clozapine (Clozaril), olanzapine (Zyprexa), risperidone (Risperdal), quetiapine (Seroquel), ariprazole (Abilify)and ziprasidone (Geodon) that are used for the treatment of schizophrenia are also used for the treatment of bipolar disorder because of their mood stabilization properties.

Pregnant women with bipolar disorder cannot be treated with drugs because all the drugs can penetrate the placenta into the amniotic-fluid and also enter breast milk. Instead doctors sometimes recommend bipolar disorder and electroconvulsive therapy. This treatment involves sending electric current through the scalp into the brain to relieve bipolar disorder sufferers. It is estimated that the procedure is effective on 75% of patients.

Other patients that doctors recommend electroconvulsive therapy for include people who are not responsive to mood stabilizers and those with extreme form of mania. In children and adolescent doctors mostly use lithium and valproate to reduce side effects.

Bipolar disorder is also treated through psychotherapy. This is often used in combination with medication treatment to increase the patient's response to lithium. Psychotherapy treatment is even more effective with family therapy, where it improves social functioning and family communication.

Education is another way that bipolar disorder is often combated, also in combination with medication. This is usually directed to make the patient change their lifestyle. Education therapy includes understanding the symptoms, reducing stress and exercise. Education is relevant and helpful because it makes you become an expert in your illness.


    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment

    • denise.w.anderson profile image

      Denise W Anderson 

      6 years ago from Bismarck, North Dakota

      Thanks for the information on the types of medications being used for bipolar disorder. We are in the process of getting a loved one treated, and needed to see some viable options.


    This website uses cookies

    As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

    For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at:

    Show Details
    HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
    LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
    Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
    AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
    Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
    CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the or domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
    Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
    Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
    Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
    Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
    ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)