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Eight Dimensions of Wellness

Updated on March 5, 2017

Scholarly Discussion: Considering the eight dimensions of wellness and the module resources, list three factors that you think could help people improve their level of wellness within each dimension, and then list three challenges that you think people could face with regard to each dimension. Once you have completed that, explore scholarly material online to see if any of your hypotheses are supported by evidence. When you find a supporting resource, provide a reference, summarize the findings, and discuss how what you learned fits with your perspective about wellness (or has changed it).

8 Dimensions of Wellness

There are eight dimensions of wellness: emotional, environmental, financial, intellectual, occupational, physical, social, and spiritual. Emotional wellness is about coping effectively with life and creating satisfying relationships (SAMASHA, 2016). Environmental wellness focuses on good health by occupying pleasant, stimulating environments that support a person’s overall well-being. Financial wellness is based on the satisfaction an individual has with their current and future financial situation. Intellectual wellness is the identification of creative abilities and the ways in which a person finds ways to expand their knowledge and skills. Occupational wellness is the personal satisfaction and enrichment an individual obtains from their work. Physical wellness is based on a person’s individual understanding of their need for physical activity, healthy foods, and sleep. Social wellness is about developing a connection, belonging, and a well-developed support system. Spiritual wellness is focused on expanding the sense of purpose and meaning a person has in their life.

Theories on the Factors that can Improve Wellness and Challenges that People Face

Emotional Wellness


  1. Strong support system
  2. Healthy role models
  3. Healthy home environment


  1. The lack of good role models
  2. Depression
  3. The stigma attached to seeking help form mental health

Environmental Wellness


  1. Good neighborhood
  2. Being happy with the people that live with you
  3. Mental stimulation


  1. An unhappy home environment
  2. Homelessness
  3. A lack of mental stimulation

Financial Wellness


  1. Stable employment
  2. Having a personal or family budget
  3. College education or vocation education


  1. The lack of a stable job
  2. Not having a college degree, certification, or vocation skill
  3. Gambling or spending problems

Intellectual Wellness


  1. Having good problem solving skills
  2. An interest in learning
  3. Having a good role model


  1. A lack of learning resources
  2. Not knowing problem solving skills
  3. Age

Occupational Wellness


  1. Enjoyable work environment
  2. Amicable co-workers
  3. Personal enjoyment derived from one’s work


  1. Hostile work environment
  2. A distaste for one’s job
  3. Homelessness

Physical Wellness


  1. A stable home environment
  2. Daily exercise
  3. A stable sleep schedule


  1. Being homeless
  2. Having a disrupted sleep cycle
  3. Not knowing how to manage one’s health in healthy manner

Social Wellness


  1. Family support
  2. A circle of friends
  3. An outgoing personality


  1. Being an introvert
  2. Not having family support
  3. Having difficulties connecting with other people

Spiritual Wellness


  1. Having religion
  2. Having a belief in one’s own purpose in life
  3. Believing to understand the meaning behind one’s own life


  1. Not having religion
  2. Having a lack of purpose in life
  3. Feeling confused over the meaning of life

The Facts on the Factors that can Improve Wellness and Challenges that People Face

After creating my list on the factors that can help to improve wellness and the challenges that people face with the eight dimensions of wellness, I went and researched the eight dimensions in order to determine the validity of my theories. While I believe that most of the eight dimensions of wellness have their own unique factors and challenges, I do believe that there are some reoccurring challenges that can affect many of the dimensions. For instance a main reoccurring theme that I found as a factor for improved wellness was having a healthy role model. According to the Action for Healthy Kids (2015) Organization children in schools benefit from seeing their teachers and school staff modeling healthy behaviors; these behaviors can include anything from eating a healthy lunch to seeing the teacher or staff member doing healthy physical activities. Another theme I came across was happiness or lack of depression; according to researchers happiness is having satisfaction and meaning in one’s life which gives people the ability to connect easier with other people (Wellness, 2015). That definition of happiness alone shows elements of emotional, environmental, social, spiritual, and occupation wellness. A person that is happy tends to have less stress about financial wellness and likely has the free time needed to explore and increase their level of intellectual and physical wellness.

The main themes I found that presented a challenge to one’s wellness were homelessness and age. Homelessness can be a challenge for most if not all of the dimensions of wellness as according to Pomerance (2013) “it often precludes good nutrition, personal hygiene, and basic first aid, and it increases the risks of frostbite, leg ulcers, upper respiratory infections, and trauma from muggings, beatings and rape." Another challenge that many people face with the dimensions of wellness is age; according to “The six dimensions of wellness and cognition in aging adults” (2012) article cognitive impairment has been proven to increase with age. However while old age can present a challenge for the dimensions of wellness, young age can also be a challenge as young children often pick up on the same habits they see in their parents and this can lead to children adopting the unhealthy action of their parents which can impair their own level of wellness.


Actions for Healthy Kids. (2015). Staff as Healthy Role Models. Retrieved

Pomerance Berl, R. (2013). Why aren’t Americans healthier? U.S. News & World Report.

SAMASHA. (2016). The Eight Dimensions of Wellness. Retrieved

Strout, K. A., & Howard, E. P. (2012). The six dimensions of wellness and cognition in aging adults.

Journal of Holistic Nursing, 30(3), 195–204.

Wellness, B. (2015). What is the Science of Happiness? Berkeley Wellness.


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