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Eight medical tests that every woman cannot afford to skip

Updated on July 26, 2008

these tests can save your life

There are now over three thousand medical tests available for various purposes and diseases. Some are so specific that it’s hardly worth your knowing. Physicians, nonetheless, agree that these eight tests are essential for every woman. We’ll start with the least obvious so you won’t forget the frequently ignored tests

1. Vision Screening

Besides the obvious purpose to protect your eyesight. Vision screening has other benefits. Glaucoma can be detected before visual impairment. Early diagnosis of diabetes and high blood pressure is sometimes made on examination of the fundi (back of the eye balls).


Adults above age of 40 and below 64 should have their eyes checked every 2 to 4 years. People below the age of 40 should have a comprehensive eye examination once and when required.

2. Skin Cancer Screening


This should be performed once every year by your family physician from the age of 18. If doubts arise, this should be repeated once every three years by a dermatologist.

3. Fasting Blood Sugar Test

This is done after an eight hour fast. Elevated levels can alert one of the possibility of undiagnosed diabetes.


Every adult age 45 and above should be screened. If the results are normal, this should be repeated at 3 year intervals. People with family history of diabetes or other risk factors should get tested at a younger age and have the test repeated yeary.

4. Lipid profile

This is a measurement of the total cholesterol, high-density lipoproteins (the good cholesterol) and triglycerides (anot AdsSpy: 3 sites by this AdSense ID

her blood lipid). From these numbers, the low-density lipoproteins (the bad cholesterol) is calculated.


Children with family history of high cholesterol should be checked yearly from the age of 7. Most people should be checked at least once every 5 years even when this is normal of when risk factors are absent.

5. Electrocardiogram (EKG)

This test can be the first clue to heart conditions, even before symptoms appear. Even though women are less frequently struck by heart disease, heart disease is still the number one cause of death in women.


Everyone above the age of 30 should have a baseline EKG.

6. Bone-Density Test (DEXA)

This is a quick X ray of the spine and hip and the gold standard for detecting osteoporosis which affects half of all American women.


This should be done in a woman over the age of 40 and earlier if risk factors are present. If normal, this is to be repeated one year after menopause.

7. Pap Test

This test can be life-saving in detecting cervical cancers at their early stages.


This is for all women under 18 who are or have been sexual active and for all women over 18.

8. Mammogram

This is an essential component to aid early detection of breast cancer.


Women without family history, in their forties, should get a mammogram every year. An earlier start is recommended in women with family history.

Your doctor’s views regarding these tests may vary. You may have to ask before these are ordered. With some insurance plans, they might not be fully covered. Nonetheless, do ask for these tests even if you have to pay for them. Otherwise, you may still need to pay, even much more to have these diseases treated.


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    • Benson Yeung profile image

      Benson Yeung 9 years ago from Hong Kong

      Dear LondonGirl,

      thanks for commenting.

    • LondonGirl profile image

      LondonGirl 9 years ago from London

      prevention and early detection are very important, I agree.

    • Benson Yeung profile image

      Benson Yeung 9 years ago from Hong Kong


      hi, thanks for dropping by.

      look forward to reading your ghost story.

    • profile image

      yxhuang 9 years ago

      I am glad to visit your site today and read this article. Vision screening is a recommendation that I have never heard from my doctor so I'm going to find a time to do it. Thanks!

      Happy holidays! I just read your ghost story. I have a better one to tell and will publish later. Happy writings!

    • Benson Yeung profile image

      Benson Yeung 9 years ago from Hong Kong


      good girls will be rewarded with health, beauty and cheers.

    • ripplemaker profile image

      Michelle Simtoco 9 years ago from Cebu, Philippines

      Okay doctor, duly noted. :)

    • Benson Yeung profile image

      Benson Yeung 9 years ago from Hong Kong

      Dear Dottie 1, Lgali and Jerilee Wei,

      thanks for commenting. I'm glad that you found the hub helpful.


      we men of course need no advice. we are all sufficient and almost indestructable. I do have a few hubs on men's health for the very occasional man who needs advice. :)

      Jerilee Wei,

      good to hear that you had your breast cancer diagnosed early and only required surgery. Thanks for sharing your experience, which, I'm sure will help others.

    • Jerilee Wei profile image

      Jerilee Wei 9 years ago from United States

      Very good reminders and great hub!

      I almost skipped the mammogram that found invasive breast cancer. With no family history, never smoking, no lumps, etc. thought I was way too busy. So the diagnosis was a bit of a shock.

      I'm one of the lucky ones. Had the mastectomy and lost a few lymph nodes. Just today found out that I do not have to through chemo or radiation. So am counting my blessings and now cleared for travel to HK to see my newest granddaughter. Life doesn't get any better than that!

      Everyone needs to heed your advice. Early detection is so important!

    • Lgali profile image

      Lgali 9 years ago

      very informative hubs,How about man

    • Dottie1 profile image

      Dottie1 9 years ago from MA, USA

      Thanks Benson for this invaluable information. ~Dottie~

    • profile image

      amy.yu64 9 years ago

      I think there are some typos, Mr Yeung