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Essential Amino Acids, Vitamins, minerals and list of trace elements in human body

Updated on June 19, 2013

Do you know that there are certain vitamins, amino acids, minerals and trace elements which are very much important for human bodies for the day to day work? We must intake these vitamins, amino acids, minerals and trace elements to keep ourselves fit n fine and for our complete growth & development. Let us see what are these essential vitamins, amino acids, minerals and trace elements?

Amino Acids

L-Histidine·Improves immuno-competence ·Component of Myelin sheath that protects nerve shells ·Histidine is found in foods such as fish, meat, eggs and dairy products.

L-Lysine ·Helps promote growth in children ·Supports bone formation ·Histidine is found in foods such as fish, meat, eggs and dairy products.

Threonine ·Important constituent of collagen, elastin & enamel.
DL-Methionine·Precursor of Glutathion-Master antioxidant ·Natural chelating agents for heavy metals & helps detoxify body ·Some beans, nuts and other seeds are quite rich in methionine. A cup of sesame seeds contain 1400 mg. Meat, human breast milk and eggs also contain Methionine.

Phenylalanine ·Promotes alertness in children ·Aid in memory and learning

Tryptophan ·A natural relaxant, induces normal sleep in children
L-Lucine, L-Isolucine & L-Valine·Together they aid in muscle tissue recovery & repair. ·Stimulates growth hormone production

Foods rich in amino acids, vitamins, minerals & trace elements
Foods rich in amino acids, vitamins, minerals & trace elements


Vitamin A · Plays vital role in optic function · Maintains skin texture
Vitamin C · Improves immuno-competence reduces risk of common cold in children. · Helps for stronger teeth & Gums
Vitamin B1, B2, B5, B6, B9, B12 · Helps digest carbohydrate, fats and proteins · Assist metabolic processes
Vitamin D3 · Essential for strong bones & teeth
Vitamin E · Alleviates respiratory problems · Acts as an potent antioxidant

Minerals & Trace Elements

Zinc · Important element of enzyme system regulates hormones & cell growth. · Improves immuno-competence
Manganese · Essential for bone function & formation of cartilage
Copper · Helps in formation of Hemoglobin & RBCs
Potassium · Helps maintain sodium-potassium ratio in the body.
Selenium · Powerful anti-oxidant
I hope the above information is useful for you and your family. So share this healthy information with your friends, family and relatives.


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    • devendras profile image

      Devendra Singh 5 years ago from Kanpur, Uttar Pradesh, India

      @Jantamaya: Thanks for your valuable comments. I will really add more relevant information in this hub.

    • jantamaya profile image

      Maria Janta-Cooper 5 years ago from UK

      Thanks for the valuable information. I enjoyed to read it. Maybe you'll write a little bit more explanation about vitamins and minerals??? I think that magnesium needs to be mentioned as well.