ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

Essential First Aid That Everyone Should Know

Updated on November 11, 2012
jpcmc profile image

I'm a dad, husband, and Christian first. Second, I'm an educator & organizational development professional.

International symbol for first aid
International symbol for first aid | Source

First aid is the initial care given to a sick or injured person. First aid consists of simple but and in many cases life-saving steps. You don’t have to be a medical professional to administer first aid. However, first responders should have proper training.

Here are some essential first aid that everyone should know.

A second degree burn caused by glue at 145 °C
A second degree burn caused by glue at 145 °C | Source

First Aid for Thermal Burns

Burns are injuries caused by heat, electricity or chemicals.

What to do:

1st and 2nd degree burns:

Apply wet cloth or pour cold water to relieve pain

Cover with dry, non-sticking sterile gauze

3rd degree burns:

Cover with dry, non-sticking, sterile dressing. A clean cloth is good enough in emergency situations.

Note; Chemical and electrical burns should be addressed differently. Moreover, the severity of the burn will determine what type first aid it requires.

Liquid chemicals must be washed off while powder chemicals must be brushed off. Likewise, cut the garmetns off to prevent further the chemicals to come in contact with the skin.

Sprained ankle - this hurts!
Sprained ankle - this hurts! | Source

First Aid for Sprains:

Sprains are caused by torn fibers in the ligaments. Swelling and bruising are the most common signs.

What to do:

1. Remove jewelry or any clothing in the affected area.

2. Apply cold compress

3. Elevate the affected area

Note: The victim should not move the affected area. Also, putting pressure on the joint is not recommended.

High cut rubber shoes provide additional support so don't remove the shoes. It is always best to consult a physician for medical advice.

An x-ray of a fractured bone
An x-ray of a fractured bone | Source

First Aid for Dislocations and Fractures

Dislocations are displacements of the bone. Joints are prone to dislocations when hyper-extended. On the other hand, fractures are the actual breaking of the bone.

What to do:

1. Check for ABC (Airway, Breathing and Circulation) especially if the accident is severe

2. Cover the affected area with sterile dressing to prevent infections (especially if there is an open wound)

3. Immobilize the injured area using bandages or splints

this bottle of bleach is a dangerous substance found at home
this bottle of bleach is a dangerous substance found at home | Source

First Aid for Poisoning

Poisons are substances that when introduced into a living organism causes injuries or death. Furthermore, poisonous substances can be in solid, liquid or gaseous form. Likewise, the poison can be ingested, inhaled, injected, or absorbed by the skin. In addition, poisoning can be accidental or intentional.

What to do:

  1. Place the victim on his/her left side
  2. identify the poison if possible
  3. Collect vomit for analysis
  4. Call emergency medical services.

Do not induce vomiting or give anything orally to the victim

Note; There are many types of poisonouis substances found in the house. Properly storing them reduces their risk.

Poisons can be introduced into the system through absorption through the skin, Inhalation, ingestion or injection.

Bee sting still on the skin
Bee sting still on the skin | Source
A 3-day old dog bite
A 3-day old dog bite | Source

First Aid for Bites and Stings

First aid for bee stings

  1. carefully remove the stinger
  2. wash the wound with clean water
  3. put a clean dressing on the wound
  4. apply cold compress
  5. watch for signs of allergic reactions

First aid of spider bite

  1. clean the bite area
  2. wash with water
  3. apply cold compress

First aid for snake bites

  1. wash and clean the wound
  2. immobilize bitten part
  3. position the part so it is not higher than the heart

First aid for dog bite

  1. Wash wound
  2. Apply antibiotic ointment
  3. Cover the wound with sterile dressing

Many factors affect the severity of the sting or bite. This includes the type of animal or insect the bit the person, the size and age of the victim and the number of times the person was bitten or stung just to name a few.

First Aid for Cuts and Abrasions

For minor bleeding from cuts and abrasions

  1. Stop the bleeding by applying direct pressure
  2. Clean the wound using clean water to decrease the risk of infection
  3. Apply antibiotic to further reduce the risk of infection
  4. Cover the would with sterile gauze.

Putting direct pressure usually stops the bleeding. But depending on the depth and severity of the injury, the wound may not readily stop. As a first aid, covering the wound can help prevent exposure to the elements. However, once the wound heals, you can remove the dressing so it will heal faster.

For severe bleeding remember the 4 Cs:

  • Control bleeding
  • Cover the wound
  • Care for shock
  • Call a physician

It pays to know what to do when faced with an emergency situation. First aid can minimize complications from the sickness or injury and can even save lives. As such, it is essential for every household, office or work area to have people with first aid training. Moreover, it is beneficial for everyone to know basic first aid.


This website uses cookies

As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at:

Show Details
HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the or domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)
ClickscoThis is a data management platform studying reader behavior (Privacy Policy)