ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

Key Information About Flu

Updated on July 17, 2019
srirad0675 profile image

Srikanth is passionate about helping people improve their quality of life.

What Is Flu?

Also known as influenza, flu is a common viral infection of the lungs and airways. Even though it is similar to a bad cold, it can be more serious.

Source

What Are the Symptoms of Flu?

Fever over 100.4 F, muscle pain, headache, sweats, dry cough, chills, persistent cough, tiredness, sore throat, weakness and nasal congestion are some common symptoms of flu.

What Are the Causes of Flu?

Flu is contagious. Viruses that cause this infection spread from person to person mainly by droplets of respiratory fluids sent through the air when someone infected with the virus coughs or sneezes.

These viruses can stay alive on inanimate objects for two to eight hours. If an infected person would have touched a surface, like a door knob or a cellphone, and you touch the same surface, you could get the virus. Once you have the virus on your hand, it can enter your body by touching your mouth, eyes, or nose.

Flu is caused by the influenza virus. There are three main types of this virus simply known as A, B and C:

Influenza virus type A – this is the most common type and causes annual outbreaks of flu.

Influenza virus type B – this is less common, causing outbreaks every three to five years.

Influenza virus type C – this type of virus presents the mildest symptoms, often similar to those of a cold.

— Dr. Jen Tan, Immune System Expert

Flu Complications

Bacterial pneumonia, ear infection, sinus infection, dehydration, bronchitis, and worsening of chronic conditions (like congestive heart failure, cancer asthma, diabetes, bronchitis, and kidney, liver or lung disease) are some known complications of flu.

People at High Risk for Complications From Flu

According to the CDC, individuals aged 65 and above are at a higher risk for serious complications from the flu. This is because the immune system weakens with age.

Source

Treatment for Flu

Flu is primarily treated with rest and fluid intake to enable the body to fight the infection on its own. Doctors usually prescribe paracetamol, which is known to be effective against flu symptoms.

Decongestants are used in cases of nasal or sinus congestion. Use of antiviral drugs depends on the severity of symptoms. Patients with mild illness do not need antiviral drugs.

“Most people will recover in a couple of weeks, and if they have mild illness do not need to go to the emergency room,” said Mollie Vance, Lincoln County Health and Human Services Communicable Disease.

Nurse Mollis Vance said. “If the signs of flu are mild, the best thing to do is to stay home, rest and avoid others. If you are at high risk or concerned about your illness, call your healthcare provider.”

Source

How to Prevent Flu?

One effective way to prevent flu is to get vaccinated. Each year there are about 30 or more different strains of influenza.

"Many people would be used to getting a vaccine once in their life, and going on to have protection that lasts years or perhaps a whole lifetime," Lauren Bloomfield from Edith Cowan University's School of Medical and Health Sciences said.

"But influenza changes so quickly and so often that we need a new vaccine for it every year."

Flu vaccine specifically protects people against four of the worst strains — two for influenza A and two for the influenza B.

Stay away from people who are infected. Keep your hands clean. Avoid touching your eyes, nose or mouth; preparing food; or eating with unwashed hands.

Influenza viruses are a tricky moving target for vaccine makers.

Do you think alternative remedies for flu are safe?

See results

This content is accurate and true to the best of the author’s knowledge and does not substitute for diagnosis, prognosis, treatment, prescription, and/or dietary advice from a licensed health professional. Drugs, supplements, and natural remedies may have dangerous side effects. If pregnant or nursing, consult with a qualified provider on an individual basis. Seek immediate help if you are experiencing a medical emergency.

© 2019 Srikanth R

Comments

    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment
    • srirad0675 profile imageAUTHOR

      Srikanth R 

      6 months ago

      That's a challenge.

    • Eurofile profile image

      Liz Westwood 

      6 months ago from UK

      In the UK, each year government scientists try to predict which strain of flu will strike and vaccinate vulnerable people accordingly. Unfortunately they don't always select the right strain to innoculate against.

    • srirad0675 profile imageAUTHOR

      Srikanth R 

      6 months ago

      Welcome

    • bhattuc profile image

      Umesh Chandra Bhatt 

      6 months ago from Kharghar, Navi Mumbai, India

      Informative and useful. Thanks.

    working

    This website uses cookies

    As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, hubpages.com uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

    For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at: https://hubpages.com/privacy-policy#gdpr

    Show Details
    Necessary
    HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
    LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
    Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
    AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
    Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
    CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the googleapis.com or gstatic.com domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
    Features
    Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
    Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
    Marketing
    Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
    Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
    Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
    Statistics
    Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
    ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)
    ClickscoThis is a data management platform studying reader behavior (Privacy Policy)