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Factors Leading to Schizotypal Personality Disorder

Updated on September 28, 2018
Dean Traylor profile image

Dean Traylor is a freelance writer and teacher who writes about various subjects including education and creative writing.

Originally from Psychiatric Times
Originally from Psychiatric Times

Schizotypal personality disorder, the condition that renders a person incapable of forming healthy interpersonal relationships, is a condition that still has no definite causes. Some evidence suggests that this personality disorder is caused by genetics. Other factor may point to environmental causes.

Despite the inconclusive evidence, there are factors that suggest there are those who are in danger of developing schizotypal personality disorder. The condition often hits those in early adulthood and tends to favor the male gender (although females do get this). Most importantly, some of these conditions may also lead to other personality or mental disorders that may affect an individual throughout his or her life.

Most Likely Candidate

A person with schizotypal personality disorder is often described as an introvert who may shun relationships with others. He or she may also have bizarre behaviors, and be prone to believing in paranormal activities and fantasy situations. Also, a person with this condition will often have other personality or mental disorders associated with this particular one.

As a result, it can be difficult know if the person has this condition or something else.

Is the person suffering from symptoms of schizotypal personality disorder, from the effects of schizophrenia, or both?


Some researchers and psychologists believe that there may be a genetic connection to this condition, due in part, that it is often associated or found to co-exist with schizophrenia. Schizophrenia is a serious brain condition – in which sufferers will have distortions affecting their way of thinking, acting out, expressing emotions, perceiving reality and relating to others.

Again, its association causes a dilemma. Is the person suffering from symptoms of schizotypal personality disorder, from the effects of schizophrenia, or both?

When is Diagnosis Made?

Still, this condition is not recognized or diagnosed until a person’s early adult years. Also, as mentioned before, the condition mimics or is similar to other conditions. As an example, it shares the same factors attributed to clinical depression or anxiety disorder. Also, it may co-exist with them. As a result, many people with this condition may not be diagnosed with schizotypal personality disorder the first time they go in for testing on such matters.

Also, a person with schizotypal personality disorder will not often view themselves as having a problem. This differs from those with anxiety disorders who often know they have a disorder, but feel they can’t control it under their own accord.

The Difficulty of Diagnosing Personality Disorders

It’s not easy to self-diagnose schizotypal personality disorder – or to even suspect that something is wrong. One may confuse it with another affliction or not realize there is a problem.

The same can be stated about other personality disorders. It’s common for many to not realize they have one of these conditions because they (1) don’t know what constitute this problem and (2) don’t really believe it’s a problem. Some may believe it’s just a part of their personality.

Also, personality disorder may be observed by friends and family well before the afflicted one realizes there is a problem. Possibly, those with personality disorders may come to the realization that they have this when they lose friends, jobs, or other opportunity based on their behavior or personality. Then again, some may never realize this and believe the problem is with others that surround them, rather than themselves.

Originally posted on
Originally posted on

The Factors

The website for the Mayo Clinic listed several factors that may contribute to somebody forming this condition. While genetic tendencies play a crucial role, environmental factors such as stressful childhood experiences have been identified in some individuals.

Factors that increase the chances of a person developing this condition are as follows:

• Schizophrenia may affect a person’s relative or there has been a family history of having this brain disorder.

• The person was subjected to various forms of child abuse and neglect by parents, guardians or adult acquaintance.

• The person was subjected to various forms of trauma as a child

• The person has an emotionally detached parent.

Cure or Treatment?

There’s no cure for schizotypal personality disorder. However there are treatments such as psychotherapy and medication (usually for conditions that co-exist with this disorder) that can make it manageable.

If not treated, this condition may lead to more serious conditions such as depression, schizophrenia, anxiety disorders, social phobias, and panic attacks, to name a few. More serious forms may lead to self-injury or possible suicide.

Schizotypal personality disorder is not easy to diagnose; however, knowing the factors that can lead to it is critical. If one is aware, he or she can start on the road to better manage this condition before it manages him or her.


Do you think it is possible to self-diagnose for schizotypal personality disorder

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From Obscure Plural
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© 2016 Dean Traylor


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