Foods High in Soluble Fiber- Benefits
There are several health benefits of foods high in soluble fiber. They promote digestion and help to get over the problem of constipation.
Several foods we consume daily like grains, fruits and vegetables contain soluble fiber. Soluble fiber absorbs water and forms a gel during the digestion. It slows down the digestion process and helps the stomach to absorb more nutrients. Most soluble fibers are fermented during the digestion process.
Some of the benefits of high soluble fiber foods are
Lower blood cholesterol levels
Control gastrointestinal disorder
Prevent diabetes and stroke
The stools at times harden and remain in the colon for longer periods resulting in constipation. Constipation is a very common digestive disorder. Some of the major reasons for constipation are lack of dietary fiber in the diet and lower intake of water. Soluble fiber makes the stools soft and helps its passage through the intestine to excrete them. Both soluble and insoluble fiber can help to maintain the frequency of the bowel movements and get over the problem of constipation.
Soluble fiber does not allow the digestive tract to breakdown carbohydrates like starches and sugar completely. Only a part of it is absorbed by the stomach. This helps to prevent the sudden rise of blood glucose levels.
Soluble fiber reduces the ability of the intestine to absorb food. This makes liver to produce more bile salts using more cholesterol. This helps to reduce the blood cholesterol levels, lowering the chances of heart attack and stroke.
Soluble fiber absorbs water and expands. This makes you feel fuller. It also slows down the digestion and does not easily allow the absorption of carbohydrates. This helps to postpone the pangs of hunger reducing the intake of food resulting in weight loss.
Soluble fiber absorbs water and bulks the stools. It slows down the passage of food through the digestive tract to stop diarrhea. On the contrary insoluble fiber can worsen the condition as it speeds up the passage food. If you have diarrhea you should increase the intake of soluble fiber and decrease the intake of intake of insoluble fiber according to the San Francisco Medical Center of the University of California
Soluble Fiber Sources
Some of the best sources of soluble fiber are
Prunes, plums, oranges, apples, grapes and cranberries
Potatoes, sweet potatoes, carrots and beets
Soybeans, peas and beans
Barley, rye, brown rice and oats
These are some of the health benefits of foods high in soluble fiber.