Foods to avoid while having diarrhea
Diarrhea is a condition of having 3 or more watery stools in a 24 hour period. The causes of diarrhea include bacterial infections, viruses, parasites, medicines, intestinal diseases and bowel disorders. Here are some of the foods to avoid while having diarrhea.
Symptoms of diarrhea:
The signs and symptoms of diarrhea may include frequent loose and watery stools, abdominal pain, abdominal cramps, fever, stools containing blood or pus and dizzines.
Call your doctor if your diarrhea lasts more than 2 to 3 days in adults, 1 day in children and if there are signs of dehydration. Dehydration is the loss of water and salts from the body. Our body needs water to maintain enough blood and other fluids to function properly.
Signs of dehydration in adults:
- Decreased urination
- Dark colored urine
- Dry skin
- Feeling tired
- Increased heart rate
Signs of dehydration in babies:
- Decreased urination (no wet diapers for 3 hours or more).
- Crying with no tears
- Dry skin
- Dry mouth and tongue
- Less active than usual
List of foods to avoid during diarrhea:
1. High fiber vegetables: One of the foods to avoid during diarrhea is high fiber vegetables. High fiber vegetables packed with vitamins, minerals and other important nutrients. However, high fiber vegetables should be avoided while you have severe diarrhea. Some of the fiber vegetables include cauliflower, broccoli, onions, brussel sprouts, cabbage, peas, bran, carrots, beans, eggplant, mushrooms, spinach, sweet potatoes and green leafy vegetables such as collards, kale and turnip greens. Others include avocado, potatoes with skin, canned pumpkin, bean varieties such as lima beans and chick peas.
2. High fiber fruits: Avoid high fiber fruits when you have diarrhea. Some of the fruits include avocado, guava, orange, kiwi, pears, prunes and berries (blueberries, raspberries etc). Other dried fruits include raisins, apricots, figs, prunes and dates.
3. Dairy products: In some cases dairy products can make your diarrhea worse. Some of the dairy products include milk, cheese, icecream and pudding. You can reduce the use of these dairy products to see if your diarrhea gets better.
4. Citrus fruits: Avoid citrus fruits such as clementine, lime, orange, mandarin, tangerine, grapefruit, leech lime, kumquat, minneola, tangelo, lemon, ugli, pummelo and satsuma.
5. Nuts: Some of the nuts are high in fiber including almonds, brazilnuts, walnuts, cashenuts and peanuts. These nuts should be avoided for diarrhea.
6. Fatty foods: Avoid fried foods, greasy foods and fatty foods during diarrhea. Avoiding these foods can help you decrease the chance of recurring episodes of diarrhea.
7. Alcohol: Alcohol should be avoided for diarrhea. Alcoholic beverages can cause dehydration.
8. Tobacco products: Avoid tobacco products during diarrhea. Tobacco products can irritate your digestive tract.
9. Other foods: Other foods to avoid during diarrhea include cereals such as bran cereals, whole grain breads, legumes and caffeine products such as coffee, tea and soda. Also avoid artificial sweetners in your diet. These sweetners have laxative like effects on the digestive system.
For children you can give oral rehydration solution (ORS) like pedialyte to replace the body fluids that is lost during diarrhea.
BRAT diet is helpful for children during diarrhea.
B: banana, R: Rice cereal, A: Applesauce, T: Toast.
If the child is on solid foods, you can give apple sauce, strained bananas, plain boiled mashed potatoes, strained squash, saltines, toast, strained carrots and rice cereal.
Adults can have clear broths, plenty of water, sports drinks, soups, crackers, and toast. Salt helps you retain water so you don't become dehydrated. You can consume foods high in pectin such as applesauce, bananas, and yogurt. Pectin, a water-soluble fiber, helps to reduce diarrhea.