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Gestational Diabetes Diagnosis and Treatment

Updated on October 14, 2012

Gestational diabetes occurs when a women is pregnant. It is a temporary condition. Dieting, insulin and exercises are important to manage gestational diabetes. About 5-7 percent of women are affected by gestational diabetes. The condition increases the blood glucose levels, which are harmful to the baby. During the pregnancy women of high risk category will have to be checked for gestational diabetes.

High risk group

• Diabetic parents and siblings

• Overweight women with a BMI of over 30

• Women of over 30 year’s age

• Women with a history of pregnancy induced urinary tract

infection or high blood pressure

• Asian Indian and Hispanic women

Gestational diabetes tests for diagnosis

The most important gestational diabetes test is the oral glucose tolerance test, which is used to check blood glucose levels. Blood glucose level is checked after fasting for eight hours. Then the patient will have to drink a sugary beverage and sugar levels are checked at an interval of one, two and three hours.

If the condition is not controlled during pregnancy, it might adversely affect the baby. The new born baby may weigh more with extra fat. This might make delivery more dangerous to the baby as well as the mother. The baby may have low blood sugar levels at birth. The baby may also have breathing problems.

Gestational diabetes treatment

Gestational diabetes treatment involves controlling of blood glucose levels during pregnancy. This can be achieved by

• Dieting

• Exercises

• Insulin


Advice from a dietitian is necessary. The amount of food to be eaten, what is to be eaten and at what intervals will be specified by the dietitian. The advice would be to

• Limit sweets

• Eating smaller meals and snacks more frequently

• Specific plan as to the quantity and timing of eating

carbohydrate rich food.

• Whole grain cereals

• Bread

• Fruits and vegetables

• Exercises

Walking and swimming would be of great help in controlling blood glucose. The patient can choose physical activities to her liking.

Monitoring blood glucose levels

• Blood glucose meters will have to be used to monitor the blood sugar levels. The level is likely to come down. It is necessary to reduce the chances of getting type2 diabetes.

• Prick a finger to get a drop of blood for testing

• If the ketone levels are high the diet will have to be changed

• After the baby is born, it is necessary to check blood glucose levels.


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    • bnsridhar profile imageAUTHOR


      7 years ago from India

      Thanks. Generally there are no symptoms or mild symptoms. Gestational diabetes is not life threatening. Blood glucose returns to normal levels after delivery on most occasions.

    • profile image


      7 years ago

      Great info on what to look for and what are the risk groups.


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