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Ginger Benefits and Side Effects

Updated on April 12, 2011

Ginger (Zingiber officinale) is a herbaceous plant of the Zingiberaceae (the same family as the Cardamom) originating in the Far East.It is a herbal plant.

Widely cultivated throughout the tropical and subtropical, is equipped with fleshy rhizome and densely branched, from which you depart, or long sterile drums and cables, formed by sheathing lanceolate leaves, stalks and short fertile, bearing greenish-yellow flowers with purple spots . The fruit is a capsule divided by septa into three galleries containing many seeds.


Components And Potable


The rhizome of the plant contains active ingredients: essential oil (consisting mainly of zingiberene), and gingerols shogaoli (principles responsible for the pungent taste), resins and mucilage, and has a more pronounced flavor and aroma typical to see him widely used as a spice, especially in the form of dried and powdered, or fresh in thin slices. To a lesser extent the same are also contained in the wood of ginger, used for eg kebabs, especially fish. In Japanese cooking, ginger is usually served as sashimi with caramelized. The Indo-Chinese cuisines are often used in soups and dishes with sauces. The fresh rhizome with boiling allows the milk to curdle like other substances of animal or vegetable (rennet). Finally, enter the soft drink known as Preparing for the ginger ale and a modified version of Modica chocolate.


 The dried rhizome, usually sold in powder form, is used as a spice in cooking and preparation of liquors and soft drinks (especially Ginger ale) as flavoring. Has stimulating digestion (stomach), stimulating the peripheral circulation, anti-inflammatory and antioxidant, and traditionally it is believed to contribute to the preservation and exaltation of the flavors of the dishes which is usually associated. The rhizome has a clear action anti-nausea, anti-emetic (against vomiting), antipyretic and antiinflammatory.

Medicinal Uses


The medicinal form of ginger historically was called "Jamaica Ginger" has been classified as a stimulant and carminative, and used frequently for dyspepsia and colic. It was often used to disguise the taste of other medicines. Ginger is on the list of substances "generally considered healthy," the U.S. FDA, although it has drawbacks when used in conjunction with certain drugs. Ginger is not recommended for people suffering from gallstones, because the plant stimulates the release of bile from the gallbladder.


Ginger may also decrease pain caused by arthritis in the joints, although studies on the subject are inconsistent, may also have anticoagulant properties, and lower cholesterol, which may make it useful for the treatment of heart disease.


Cure for diarrhea


The substances contained in ginger are active against a form of diarrhea is a major factor in infant mortality in developing nations. The Zingerone is probably the active component against enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli, or diarrhea in its heat sensitive and induced by enterotoxins.


Cure for nausea


Ginger, in many studies, has proven effective for treating nausea caused by seasickness, from pregnancy, and chemotherapy. It is mutagenic and abortion, for which it was withdrawn from the market as anti-nausea. though not demonstrated superior efficacy to a placebo for post-operative nausea.


The effects of anti-nausea and antivomito ethanol and acetone extracts of the rhizome have been demonstrated experimentally in dogs as a remedy to the side effects of treatment with the anticancer drug cisplatin


Uses in popular medicine


There are a variety of uses for ginger in folk medicine. The ginger tea is a remedy for colds. Three or four leaves of holy basil, along with a small piece of ginger on an empty stomach, have an effective cure for congestion, coughs and colds. The ginger ale and ginger beer have been recommended as "soothing to the stomach" for generations in countries where these beverages are produced, and ginger water was commonly used to avoid heat cramps in the United States. Ginger has also been historically used to treat inflammation, as confirmed by several scientific studies, even if a particular case of arthritis showed that ginger was better than a placebo or ibuprofen.  The research on mice suggests that ginger may be useful for the treatment of diabetes.


Use regional


In Western culture, the powder of dried ginger root is put into capsules and sold in pharmacies for medicinal use.


In Burma, they are boiled with ginger and a local sweetener made from palm tree juice (Htan Nyati), and is used to prevent influenza.


in China, a drink or soft drink made from ginger, sliced ​​and cooked in sweetened water, is used as a folk medicine for colds


In Congo, the ginger is crushed and mixed with the sap of the mango to make Tangawisi, which is considered a universal panacea.


In India, ginger paste is applied on the temples to relieve headache, and is eaten by those suffering from common cold. People also use ginger added to tea, cooking, etc..


In Indonesia, a type of ginger known as Jahe is used as a preparation plant to reduce fatigue, decrease the "air" in the blood, prevent and cure rheumatism and controlling poor dietary habits.


In the Philippines is prepared for breakfast, a traditional health drink called "salabat" by boiling chopped ginger and adding sugar is considered a good cure for sore throat.


In the U.S., ginger is used to prevent sea sickness and nausea from pregnancy. It is recognized as healthy by the FDA, and is sold as a dietary supplement without any special requirements.


Allergic reactions

 Allergic reactions to ginger producing eruptions in general, and, although it is generally accepted as healthy, ginger can cause stomach pain, bloating, gas production, especially when taken in powder form. Fresh ginger, if not well chewed, can cause intestinal blockage, and individuals who have experienced ulcers, bowel inflammation or intestinal blockage, may react badly to considerable amounts of fresh ginger. Ginger may also act negatively on individuals subject to gallstones. There are also indications that ginger may affect blood pressure, blood clotting, and heart rate.


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    • YogaKat profile image

      YogaKat 5 years ago from Oahu Hawaii

      excellent information - very thorough.

    • Johanna Baker profile image

      Johanna Mary Elisabeth Baker 5 years ago from Christchurch, New Zealand

      Great hub on ginger thank you.

    • profile image

      michaela 6 years ago


    • kashmir56 profile image

      Thomas Silvia 6 years ago from Massachusetts

      Another great spice with extra benefits .

    • viveresperando profile image

      viveresperando 6 years ago from A Place Where Nothing Is Real

      this is a great hub! i am studying aromatherapy and wonder what similarities it has with ginger essential oil? :) thank you for your comments on my hubs! :)

    • Thelma Alberts profile image

      Thelma Alberts 6 years ago from Germany

      Great Hub! Ginger is also good when you suffer from stomachache. A few drops of essential oil of ginger combine with almond or coconut oil rub in your tummy can ease the pain. My first aid at home.

    • profile image

      PenMePretty 6 years ago from Franklin

      Such helpful information. We all need this page. Thanks.

    • Pamela99 profile image

      Pamela Oglesby 6 years ago from United States

      Thanks for the information.