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Updated on May 18, 2015

Skin infected with Eczema

eczema picture
eczema picture

Get information about eczema causes, skin symptoms, diagnosis and treatment.

Eczema is a name given to a wide range of skin disorders. The skin is a vital body organ which protects every thing inside us from the elements, allowing us to sense touch,pain,heat and cold; and through variations in blood supply and sweating, help us to control our body temperature and fluid loss. Skin disorders may reflect many various diseases of the skin itself or may result from disorders affecting other parts of the body. Eczema (or dermatitis as it is medically known) produces inflamed patches of brown or red discoloration, scaly skin on the face,scalp,hands and wrists, in front of the elbow and behind the knees; and less often on other parts of the body too. Itching is also very common. Eczema is often triggered by an allergy to foods, pollen, animal fur or other substances, and is likely to run in allergy-prone families; many people with eczema have (or later develop) hay fever or sinus problems.


1. Psychological factors, such as anxiety and stress.

2. Foods-check out common food allergies such as eggs,peanuts,milk,fish,soya beans and wheat.

3. Drugs: Antivirals,antibiotics,antimycotics,antithismines,antiparasitics, steroids,anaesthetics,anticancer drugs.

4. Irritants found in homes or in offices such as some indoor plants.

5. Industrial and chemical irritants such as detergents, shampoos, body wash, biological washing powders, chlorine found in swimming pools.

6. Clothing-synthetic clothes can cause overheating and worsen itching.

7. Climate-low humidity and low altitudes can worsen symptoms.

8. Food additives such as preservatives(E212-218,sodium benzoate,E211 tatrtazine E102 etc.) can cause or worsen eczema.

9. Bacterial skin infections such as Pityriasis versicolor.


Atopic Eczema Is considered a worldwide epidemic especially in children. Often found in infants in the first few months of life, it may subside within two to three years. Exacerbations and remissions may occur in childhood, adolescence and into adulthood. Atopic dermatitis forms part of the ‘atopic triad’-a group of disorders which include allergies and asthma. Each of these conditions is said to be a different ramifications of the same internal chaos, and they commonly appear in the same person all together, at the same time or follow one another. Treatment usually recommended is the use of ointments and creams, topical steroids and antibiotics . Often these will appear to work for a while before the disease flares up again, sometimes even worse than before.

Topical steroids, apart from being ineffective cause other problems such as allergic skin reactions, adrenal suppression and damage to vital organs such as the eyes, liver and kidneys. Research studies show there is a link between food and childhood drug use and atopy. The development of eczema in children has been linked to several drugs routinely given to children, including vaccinations, antibiotics and NSAIDS such as paracetamol and aspirin.

Increasing decline in breast-feeding which protects against many children diseases such as colds and other infections has been identified as a major factor in infantile eczema. A non breast-fed child is most likely to succumb to such diseases and is likely to be given medication such as antibiotics and NSAIDS. Both antibiotics and NSAIDS such as paracetamol are associated with the development of eczema. Continual use of antibiotics can cause Candida overgrowth which can actually make eczema worse. The use of antibiotics early in life has been found to be significantly associated with atopy in children who has a family history of this disorder. Paracetamol has been associated with an increase in asthma and rhinitis in young adults. Researches at King’s College, London found that Paracetamol use was positively associated with asthma, eczema and allergic rhino-conjunctivitis in teenagers, and wheeze and asthma in older persons. Aspirin in contrast to Paracetamol sets off chemical reactions in the body that suppress T -cell activity of the immune system. All these intensify the tendency toward atopic eczema which is hereditary and which involves an excessive immune reaction to allergies in the foods, medicines and in the environment.


There is also eczema caused by bacterial infections such as pityriasis versilor,which occurs in older children and adults. It appears as light discoloration on the face, neck ,back and the upper parts of the body. It is mostly due to hormonal disturbance, poor diet, unhygienic and dirty habits and is contagious, much unlike infantile eczema, which cannot be transferred


· Eliminate any foods that cause an allergic reaction: these commonly include milk,eggs,shell-fish,wheat,chocolate and nuts.

· Wear loose fitting cotton clothing to prevent further irritation.

· Bath or shower less frequently to prevent the skin from drying out. Use lukewarm, avoid deodorant soaps, bubble baths and perfumed products. After bathing, pat your skin dry rather than rubbing it.

Doctors may prescribe a corticosteroid cream of antibiotics to help heal the skin. Used individually,in combination with other supplements,or in conjunction with conventional medicines.Observe your reactions to these creams.


Since Eczema is a deep-rooted condition,it should be treated with all seriousness.Herbal medicine,Naturopathy,Homeopathy, and Aromatherapy can all be very successful in dealing with this distressing ailment.AS is now widely known,the use of strong chemical ointments,while effective in the short term, have serious long-term side-effects and they merely suppress and are not curative.

· Flaxseed oil and Evening Primrose oil contain skin revitalizing essential fatty acid which can relieve itching and inflammation. Vitamin A and E found in these natural products mitigate skin dryness and itching. Zinc is an important mineral,aiding in the healing process and assisting to boost the immune system.

· An infusion of Burdock,Chamomile,Chickweed,Heartease,Marigold and Red clover could be helpful.

· Borage,Echinachea and Wild yam can be used to strengthen the immune system.

· Externally,use Chickweed and Marigold to bathe affected areas.

· Calendula ointment can be a soothing and healing ointment that will also help prevent infection. Stellaria ointment can also be helpful.


Chamomile,Geranium,Lavender oils can be used as a compress,in a warm bath or in massage oils.Aromatherapy oils have a remarkable effect on eczema. Recommended is a recipe of Lavenda,Comomile,Myrrh,Wheatgerm oil combined with Bach Flower rescue remedy.You can also add the bach Flower Remedy Crab Apple.This mixture should be massaged gently onto the affected areas when needed.


There is awide variety of Homeopathic remedies,it all depends on your constitution.They vary from Sulphur,Rhus Tox (Poison Ivy),Arsenicum Album,Mezerum,etc. You should consult with an appropriately qualified homeopath.


According to Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) theory, diseases reflect body imbalances. In broad terms,TCM recommend that the weak organs be fortified and congested channels opened,excesses must be dispersed and tightness softened. According to TCM,Eczema has four different patterns. It is related to or cause by dampness,heat,wind or deficiency of spleen energy (the spleen produces white blood cells that help fight infections). There can be a combination of any of them. Dampness and heat are regarded as the most common. By increasing the the spleen ‘chi’ or energy for example,the wind-heat pathogens which make the skin red and itch can be eliminated. A variety of Chinese healing teas can be used. Consult an appropriate Chinese Medicine therapist.


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    • smartlaw profile image

      smartlaw 7 years ago from Nigeria

      Oga Chinedu, Na me your boy.

      These your Hub dey very AWESOME!!!

    • sustainable profile image

      sustainable 7 years ago from Nigeria

      Lady_E thanks for your comment!

    • Lady_E profile image

      Elena 7 years ago from London, UK

      Very useful Tips, Thanks.