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Health Benefits Of EggPlant - Brinjal - Baingan - Aubergine

Updated on July 12, 2016
rajan jolly profile image

Rajan is a botany and chemistry major. He has worked as a poultry breeder for 23 years, breeding layer and broiler parents.

About Eggplant

Latin Name ; Solanum melongena.

In India, it is called "Baingan" or "Brinjal".

Some other names for eggplant are : susumber, aubergine, apple of love, terong, guinea squash, gully bean, melongene and pea apple.

Eggplant is native to India and belongs to the nightshade family, the family to which tomato and potato belong.

The seeds are bitter as they contain nicotinoid alkaloids. Eggplant is closely related to tobacco. The flowers and leaves are poisonous when consumed in large quantities as they contain the toxic alkaloid solanine.

There are many varieties of eggplant producing different colored, sized and shaped fruits though most of them are shades of purple and the others white, yellow and green ones.

The skin of the fruit is edible and the flesh smooth and spongy. Eggplant is used in cuisines of many countries. In India, it is usually made in a variety of ways like in soups, dals, curries and also fried, stuffed and pickled.

When cut the flesh turns to brown within minutes, when kept exposed to air due to oxidation. To prevent this, either drizzle some lemon juice over the cut pieces and mix to coat them well or keep dipping the pieces in salt water as you cut the eggplant.

Source

Different Types Of Egg Plants

Click thumbnail to view full-size
different  varieties of egg plants with different shapes, sizes ans colorsgreen egg plantyellow egg plantsegmented egg plant
different  varieties of egg plants with different shapes, sizes ans colors
different varieties of egg plants with different shapes, sizes ans colors | Source
green egg plant
green egg plant | Source
yellow egg plant
yellow egg plant | Source
segmented egg plant
segmented egg plant | Source

Nutrients In Eggplant

  • Low in calories, provides just 24 calories in 100 grams.
  • Fat, cholesterol and sodium free.
  • Good source of dietary fiber. Supplies 9% daily requirement in 100 grams.
  • Rich in phtytochemicals, the anthocyanins.
  • Has a low Glycemic Index.
  • Contains good amounts of many B compex vitamins.
  • Also a good source of the minerals manganese, copper, iron and potassium.

Nutrients In Egg Plant

 
 
 
 
Aubergine (Brinjal), (Solanum melongena), raw, Nutritive value per 100 g
 
 
(Source: USDA National Nutrient data base)
 
Principle
Nutrient Value
Percentage of RDA
Energy
24 Kcal
1%
Carbohydrates
5.7 g
4%
Protein
1 g
2%
Total Fat
0.19 g
1%
Cholesterol
0 mg
0%
Dietary Fiber
3.40 g
9%
Vitamins
 
 
Folates
22 micro gm
5.50%
Niacin
0.649 mg
4%
Pantothenic acid
0.281 mg
6%
Pyridoxine
0.084 mg
6.50%
Riboflavin
0.037 mg
3%
Thiamin
0.039 mg
3%
Vitamin A
27 IU
1%
Vitamin C
2.2 mg
3.50%
Vitamin E
0.30 mg
2%
Vitamin K
3.5 micro gm
3%
Electrolytes
 
 
Sodium
2 mg
0%
Potassium
230 mg
5%
Minerals
 
 
Calcium
9 mg
1%
Copper
0.082 mg
9%
Iron
0.24 mg
3%
Magnesium
14 mg
3.50%
Manganese
0.250 mg
11%
Zinc
0.16 mg
1%

Health Benefits Of Eggplant

Egg plant is rich in the phytonutrients caffeic acid, chlorogenic acid and nasunin.

Nasunin has antioxidant, anticancer properties and also controls free radicals.

Cholorogenic acid has antioxidant, anticancer, antimicrobial, antiviral action and also lowers cholesterol levels.

Consumption of eggplant,

  • Reduces the risk of cancer

    Cholorogenic acid is the predominant phytonutrient found in egg plants and the most potent one to counter free radicals and prevent them causing cell damage .

  • Improves cardiovasular health

    Lowers cholesterol, reduces deposition of plaque in the arteries, regulates blood pressure, relaxaxes the blood vessels and improves blood circulation.

    Nasunin not only scavenges free radicals but reduces the production of free radicals by removing the excess iron from the body. It has been found that excess iron contributes by increasing the free radical production.

  • Protects against brain damage

    Nasunin protects the fats in the brain cell membranes from damage by free radicals.
  • Reduces joint pains in rheumatoid arthritis

    Nasunin reduces inflammation.

  • Benefits the digestive system

    The dietary fiber prevents constipation and other digestion related issues and binds the cholesterol, preventing its absorption thus reducing cholesterol levels.

  • Prevents weight gain/obesity

    Being low in fat and calories egg plant is a good inclusion in diet to slow down intake of calories and fat and keep weight in control.
    Also the high fiber keeps the stomach fuller for a longer time as food is absorbed slowly, thus helping by less frequent snacking and keeping one from gaining weight.

  • Benefits in type 2 diabetes

    Eggplant is a low Glycemic index food. The carbohydrate levels are low while the fiber levels are high. Both these factors help to keep the blood sugar levels under control benefiting those with diabetes.

Some Precautions

Eggplant is believed to treat premenstrual syndrome and amenorrhea. Delayed menses of over 2 years, were restored by eating 1/2 an eggplant everyday. This was reported in the book "The Way of Ayurvedic Herbs".
Because of this, it is contraindicated in pregnancy. However, less quantity and eating less frequently has not found to be harmful in pregnancy.

Eggplant contains significant amounts of oxalates that can cause health issues when they crystallize in the body. Those with issues related to kidneys or gall bladder should avoid eating them.

Disclaimer

The information provided in this hub is not a substitute for professional medical advice. Please consult your physician, or health care provider before taking any home remedies, supplements or starting a new health regime.

References

http://www.nasunin.com/health-benefits.php
http://www.whfoods.com/genpage.php?tname=foodspice&dbid=22
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Eggplant
http://www.livestrong.com/article/409171-indian-foods-to-avoid-during-pregnancy/

Baked Egg Plant-Stuffed Egg Plant

Baked Egg Plant Parmesan Recipe

Punjabi Style Baingan Bharta ( Curried BBQed Eggplant) - Traditional Indian Dish

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    • rajan jolly profile image
      Author

      Rajan Singh Jolly 4 years ago from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar,INDIA.

      @Donna-the combination looks appetizing.

      @LKMore-thanks.

    • LKMore01 profile image

      LKMore01 4 years ago

      As usual, Rajan I always learn something new from your HUBs. Voted up and Useful, Interesting. Eggplant parmesan is one of my favorite recipes.

    • DonnaCSmith profile image

      Donna Campbell Smith 4 years ago from Central North Carolina

      I slice eggplant, squash and tomatoes in a baking dish with a little olive oil, herbs and garlic and roast. Love it!

    • rajan jolly profile image
      Author

      Rajan Singh Jolly 4 years ago from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar,INDIA.

      conradofontanilla - thanks for visiting and adding to the hub. Appreciate the votes.

    • conradofontanilla profile image

      conradofontanilla 4 years ago from Philippines

      Another important benefit from eggplant is missed in the Hub and comments. Eggplant has anthocyanin that chelates aluminum. Aluminum fibers cause Alzheimer's disease; they are found in blood stream and brain cells of people with AD. I have a Hub on this topic. Voted useful and interesting.

    • rajan jolly profile image
      Author

      Rajan Singh Jolly 4 years ago from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar,INDIA.

      Eddy, i'm glad you like these healthy food hubs. Thanks for stopping by.

    • Eiddwen profile image

      Eiddwen 4 years ago from Wales

      Another interesting and very useful hub rajan.

      This series of yours is priceless so thanks for sharing.

      Enjoy your day.

      Eddy.

    • rajan jolly profile image
      Author

      Rajan Singh Jolly 4 years ago from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar,INDIA.

      Carol, how does that compare to the prices of other vegetables. I hope cheaper. Its cheap here. Thanks for coming by.

    • carol7777 profile image

      carol stanley 4 years ago from Arizona

      I love eggplant and there is a market we go to in California that often has it for .50 a piece. So I buy a lot and make all kinds of dishes with it. Great hub and a reminder that I have a taste for some right now. Up and sharing

    • rajan jolly profile image
      Author

      Rajan Singh Jolly 4 years ago from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar,INDIA.

      I hope you do Marlene. Appreciate your visit. Thanks.

    • MarleneB profile image

      Marlene Bertrand 4 years ago from Northern California, USA

      I have never been a fan of eggplants, so I never ate them, but with all the nutrition packed into them, I see I'm missing out on some valuable benefits. Thank you for the recipes. I think I'll try that Eggplant Parmesan recipe with Dani Spies. She makes it look so fun. Now, I want to run to the store to buy some eggplants.

    • rajan jolly profile image
      Author

      Rajan Singh Jolly 4 years ago from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar,INDIA.

      Thanks for the visit and comments, Michael.

    • naturman profile image

      Michael Roberts 4 years ago from UK

      Good content/information. Had not heard of this plant before

    • rajan jolly profile image
      Author

      Rajan Singh Jolly 4 years ago from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar,INDIA.

      Thelma-Thanks for the read and share.

      Rasma-Good to know you appreciate the benefits.

      Anuram-good to know you love brinjals and this info. Thanks.

      idigwebsites-glad this info is useful to you. Thanks.

    • idigwebsites profile image

      idigwebsites 4 years ago from United States

      I love eggplants, though before I really thought that they possess little nutritional value and all water content. Now you've surprised me with the amazing health benefits eggplants have. Up and useful. :)

    • anuramkumar profile image

      anuramkumar 4 years ago from Chennai, India

      An excellent hub on brinjal. I love cooking as well as eating them. I never knew brinjals had too many health benefits. Thanks for the wonderful recipe videos too.

    • Gypsy Rose Lee profile image

      Gypsy Rose Lee 4 years ago from Riga, Latvia

      Thank you for sharing this informative and I could say delicious hub. I love eggplant. Glad to know it has so many good benefits. Passing this on.

    • Thelma Alberts profile image

      Thelma Alberts 4 years ago from Germany

      I love eggplants. In fact, I´m frying eggplants with olive oil for lunch today. Thanks for sharing this very informative hub. Voted up and SHARED.

    • rajan jolly profile image
      Author

      Rajan Singh Jolly 4 years ago from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar,INDIA.

      @ Nithya-sorry to learn you are allergic to peanuts. Thanks for stopping by.

      @ Lupita-Thanks for coming by.

      @ Devika-thanks for appreciating.

      @ Louise-adding olive oil enhances the healthy effects of the diet. Thanks for the visit.

      @ John-thanks for reading. Much appreciated.

      @ gladiols-thanks.

      @ Peggy-thanks for adding the link in your hub and appreciate the continued support.

      @ Prasetio-always a pleasure to have you visit and comment my friend. Thanks.

      @ Sharkye-glad you like the info and eggplant as well. Thanks for dropping by.

    • Sharkye11 profile image

      Jayme Kinsey 4 years ago from Oklahoma

      I just cooked my first eggplant this week. I love eating it at restaurants and it was always delicious when my mother made it. I can't believe I waited this long to cook it myself.

      I really enjoyed this hub. It looks like we will be eating a lot of eggplant in the future, thanks to your helpful information!

    • prasetio30 profile image

      prasetio30 4 years ago from malang-indonesia

      Very informative hub related with eggplant. My mother often use eggplant for spicy food recipe. In Indonesia we can called it "sambal terong". It's delicious and increase my appetite while eaten with hot rice. I also love the video above. Thanks for share with us. I learn much here. Voted up!

      Prasetio

    • Peggy W profile image

      Peggy Woods 4 years ago from Houston, Texas

      Hi Rajan,

      Another information packed hub all about the great health benefits of eating eggplant. We love growing and eating eggplant. UUI votes and will share. Also added a link from your hub to mine titled Wonderful Steak Eggplant Casserole Recipe. Really enjoy all the research that goes into the making of your hubs.

    • gladiols profile image

      Gladys Ayala 4 years ago from United States

      I love eggplant! I eat them at least twice a month in tomato and basil sauce. The recipes you show are great. Thank you.

    • JCielo profile image

      JCielo 4 years ago from England

      Love aubergines. Didn't know that they originally came from India though. Fascinating hub. Voted up and interesting.

    • Louise Lately profile image

      Louise Lately 4 years ago from London, UK

      These are lovely! Here in the UK they are called 'aubergines' - I usually cut one in half and drizzle olive oil over it (firstly I add salt to make it less 'squishy'). Heavenly!

    • DDE profile image

      Devika Primić 4 years ago from Dubrovnik, Croatia

      It is always interesting to read more about the benefits of the foods we enjoy in our daily menus, and again you have a well informed Hub, researched. Voted up!

    • LupitaRonquillo profile image

      LupitaRonquillo 4 years ago

      The power of purple foods... this is definitely one of them! Thanks for highlighting this wonder food! :D

    • Vellur profile image

      Nithya Venkat 4 years ago from Dubai

      I love egg plant but allergic to it. Thanks for all the vital and useful information. Another great hub. Voted up.

    • rajan jolly profile image
      Author

      Rajan Singh Jolly 4 years ago from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar,INDIA.

      Bill - Thanks my friend.

      Donna - Good to learn that you eat all these healthy foods. Thanks for support.

    • donnah75 profile image

      Donna Hilbrandt 4 years ago from Upstate New York

      You are writing about all my favorites this week. First hummus and now eggplant! This is my all time favorite food. Curried eggplant is something I am going to have to try! Voted up and sharing.

    • billybuc profile image

      Bill Holland 4 years ago from Olympia, WA

      Bev loves egg plant. Alas, I do not. Still, an excellent resource of information. Well done Rajan!