ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

Herbal Dictionary: C

Updated on January 15, 2016
didill profile image

DiDi is a healthy food writer who focuses on functional foods. You can read her blog at RXcipes



A calefacient herb is one that produces an external sensation of warmth when it is applied to the skin.

Calefacient herbs are typically applied topically, in the form of a poultice or ointment. This causes a sense of warmth on the area to which it is applied.

Antonym: Refrigerant

Calefacient Herbs:

  • Cayenne Pepper (Capsicum annuum)
  • Ginger (Zingiber officinale)
  • Mustard (Brassica nigra)
  • Turmeric (Curcuma longa)

In this video, Kaye Sehm recommends cayenne pepper as an herbal remedy for cold feet, and shows how to make a cayenne poultice. Cayenne pepper, she says, stimulates circulation, bringing heat to at the applied area.


An herb that serves as a nutritive and restorative tonic for the heart in particular and the circulatory vessels in general. While cardiac tonics are not a remedy for any one heart condition, they are valued as supportive therapy to tone and restore function to heart and vascular system. They also serve well as adjunct therapy for treating hypertension.

Also called: Cardiac, cardiac tonic

Cardiotonic Herbs:

  • Cocoa (Theobroma cacao)
  • Green Tea (Camellia sinensis)
  • Hawthorn berry (Crataegus monogyna)
  • Hibiscus Flowers (Hibiscus sabdariffa)
  • Motherwort (Leonurus cardiac)
  • Pomegranate (Punica granatum)

In this video, Dr. Sangiuliano discusses heart healthy herbs, including hawthorn berry, garlic and green tea.


An herb that acts to relieve flatulence (bloating) in the intestinal tract, and helps expel gas. Carminative herbs ease abdominal cramping and help expel gas from the digestive tract.

They also promote normal peristalsis and improve weak digestion resulting from nervousness, anxiety or depression.

Carminative Herbs:

  • Aniseed (Pimpinella anisum)
  • Caraway (Carum carvi)
  • Chamomile (Matricaria recutita)
  • Ginger (Zingiber officinale)
  • Fennel (Foeniculum vulgare)
  • Lavender (Lavandula angustifolia)
  • Peppermint (Mentha piperita)

In this video, herbalist David Hoffmann explains the herbal actions of carminative and anti-infective herbs.


An herb that causes evacuation of the bowels. Cathartic herbs range from mild laxatives to vigorous purgatives.

Cathartic Herbs:

  • Aloe (Aloe vera)
  • Castor Oil (Ricinus communis)
  • Figs (Ficus carica)
  • Onion (Allium cepa)
  • Prunes (Prunus domestica)
  • Senna (Cassia senna)


A mineral that promotes absorption in the body by binding with protein. A targeted-chelated mineral is one that binds to a specific amino acid, and targeted toward a specific body organ


An herb or compound that works to prevent, reverse or suppress the progression to of cancer in the body.

Chemopreventive Herbs

  • Astragalus (Astragalus propinquus)
  • Reishi Mushrooms (Ganoderma lucidum)
  • Saffron (Crocus sativus)
  • Shiitake Mushrooms (Lentinula edodes)
  • Turmeric (Curcuma longa)

In this video, Roy Upton, executive director of the American Herbal Pharmacopoeia, discusses the importance of integrating herbal medicine as a part of any cancer treatment. Some chemopreventive herbs he includes in his discussion are: Astragalus, Reishi and Shiitake mushrooms.


A choleretic herb acts to increase the volume of bile that the liver produces. This enhances the body’s ability to release toxins. This also has a laxative effect, which improves the detox capacity of the body’s cell tissue.

Choleretic Herbs

  • Dandelion (Taraxacum officinalis)
  • Goldenseal (Hydrastis canadensis)
  • Milk thistle (Silybum marianum)
  • Turmeric (Curcuma longa)


An herb or compound that blocks - or suppresses - the cough reflex.

See Also: Antitussive

Cough Suppressant vs. Expectorant

Normally, coughing is the body’s way to clear the airways of mucus. As such, you should only use a cough suppressant for dry, hacking coughs. Say, for example, you need to catch some zzz's but a nagging cough won’t let you? A cough suppressant would be what you need.

If your cough produces mucus, on the other hand, you would take an expectorant to thin the mucus, making it easier to expel to more easily expel it, look into expectorants.On the other hand, if you need to thin mucus, to make it easier to expel, you would use an expectorant.


    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment

    No comments yet.


    This website uses cookies

    As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

    For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at:

    Show Details
    HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
    LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
    Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
    AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
    Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
    CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the or domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
    Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
    Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
    Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
    Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
    ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)