Home Remedies for Chicken Pox
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Chickenpox is a highly contagious skin disease caused by varicella - zoster virus, about 90% of the people who have contacted the patients can be infected with chicken pox. The disease is more common in children, spread mainly through respiratory droplets. Infective stage can continue from the onset of the rash to the scab stage.
Chickenpox usually spreads in winter and spring season. The disease is acute in nature, that is, patients often have the disease suddenly, with symptoms such as fever, headache, sore throat, aching limbs, or nausea and vomiting, abdominal pain symptom. Usually after 1 to 2 days , red papules will appear on the body, scalp, face and limbs, these red papules will develop into bean size blisters after one or two days, often surrounded by red and itchy skins. The papules will dry and scab a few days later, and then fall off after 1 to 2 weeks, leaving no scar.
The majority of rash is distributed in the trunk, only a small portion of the rash is in the face and limbs. as rash occurs in batches, it is common to see new red spots appeared in the same position again and again.
Chickenpox is usually a mild disease, which does not cause serious complications, however, if adults are having chicken pox, the condition are often more serious than children. Patients usually have high fever, headache, muscle pain etc.. In addition, patients with chornic disease (especially leukocytosis or cancer patients or patients who are taking steroid medications) should pay special attention to chicken pox because it may cause pneumonia, encephalitis and other complications, and even lead to death.
Treatment of Chickenpox
Treatment of chickenpox is mainly prevention of infection and antiviral therapy. Patients should rest in the bed during the stage of fever, eating digestible diet and drinking plenty of water. For those with high fever, antipyretic and antibiotics can be used. Patients with severe skin itching can have oral antihistamines or use calamine lotion to relieve itching.
If patients are suffering from superinfection following the blisters rupture, neomycin ointment can be applied on the skin for better treatment. In order to prevent the spread of chickenpox, polyinosinic,or acyclovir antiviral therapy are used.
When having chicken pox, you should rest at home and avoid doing any outdoor exercise. Do not take a bath in the stage of fever, clean the body gently with hot towel instead, apply gentian violet on the skin to prevent chickenpox infection and help to scab.
If it’s a kid who is having chicken pox, let the kid wear a clean, cotton glove when necessary to prevent the kid from scratching the chicken pox. Scratching will result in inflammation, and bacteria will spread to other parts of damaged skin.
One of the symptoms of chicken pox is a mild fever. Usually fever starts along with the spread of chicken pox. During a fever, do not take aspirin to reduce fever, as this will increase the chance of complications. It may also lead to a kind of encephalitis, Reye's Syndrome.
Bath in warm (not hot) water, keep the skin clean to reduce the risk of infection.
All the patients must be isolated until fully recovery; children have been in contact with chicken pox should be isolated for observation for 3 weeks. clothing and appliances contaminated by respiratory secretions or skin rash of the patients should be sterilized using ultraviolet radiation, or exposed to the sunlight or boiled to sterilize.
Patients should eat easy to digest and nutrient-rich liquid and semi-liquid diet. Avoid greasy food; Do not eat ginger, pepper, mushrooms and other spicy food; Drink more water