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Hormonal Imbalances - ANSWER TO EVERYTHING

Updated on December 6, 2015

Hormonal Imbalances

Description of what happens during and Overactive Thyroid
Description of what happens during and Overactive Thyroid | Source

Hormonal Balance and the Human Body

Hormonal balance can be hard to understand and the way it works sure is confusing sometimes to most people. The comfortable couches and our reliance on fast food, our automobiles that we rely on, the spread out cities which means we never to touch a foot on the ground and walk on a daily basis makes us fat. Why is it that we can't be lose weight and be the thin beautiful people that we want to be?

Have you ever heard of someone saying " Maybe you should check your Thyroid?" There is a whole reason why they say that.

The Thyroid is a small gland located in the front of the neck that is shaped like a butterfly, it's made up of two different sections: The Lobes and The Isthmus. It releases hormones that control metabolism—the way your body uses energy and regulates vital body functions including:

  1. Breathing
  2. Heart Rate
  3. Menstrual Cycles
  4. Muscle Strength
  5. Cholesterol
  6. Body Temperature
  7. Sex Drive
  8. Mood

Millions of people suffer because their Thyroid hormone levels (TSH) are too low. It's easy to overlook their effects of a healthy thyroid gland, as easy to overlooking simple good health. There are two conditions, Overactive Thyroid (Hyperthyroidism) and Underactive Thyroid (Hypothyroidism). First off, overactive Thyroids are when the gland makes and releases more Thyroid hormone than your body needs. The most common cause of hyperthyroidism is an autoimmune condition called Graves' disease. The body's immune system creates an antibody that causes the gland to make an excessive amount of thyroid hormone. Graves' disease runs in families, and usually affects younger women. An overactive Thyroid has symptoms such as:

  • Sudden weight loss
  • Rapid heartbeat (tachycardia) commonly more than 100 beats a minute, irregular heartbeat (arrhythmia) or pounding of your heart (palpitations)
  • Increased appetite
  • Nervousness, anxiety
  • Tremor
  • Sweating
  • Changes in menstrual patterns (For Women)
  • Difficulty sleeping
  • Skin thinning
  • Thin brittle hair

The other Hypothyroidism,aka; Hashimoto's Disease is a condition in which your immune system attacks your thyroid. The inflammation from Hashimoto's disease, also known as chronic lymphocytic thyroiditis (CLT), often leads to an underactive thyroid gland. It affects middle-aged women but also can occur in men and women of any age and in children.

The signs and symptoms of Hashimoto's Disease include the following:

  • Fatigue and sluggishness
  • Increased sensitivity to cold
  • Constipation
  • Pale, dry skin
  • A puffy face
  • Unexplained weight gain
  • Muscle aches
  • Excessive menstrual bleeding
  • Depression and Anxiety


Given the thyroid's importance to metabolism and other body related functions, any insult to the system wether it's stress or hormone related problems can block the critical conversion of one type of thyroid hormone to another, a conversion that is the key to your metabolism regulation. Let's just take a couple minutes to discuss how the thyroid hormones are made. First off, the backbone of thyroid hormone is an amino acid called ' Tyrosine' which is naturally in protein (and also available in the form of a capsule or pill form in many health/organic stores. There are two types of thyroid hormone, Triiodothyroinine (T3) and T4. The 3 and 4 refer to the number of iodine molecules attached to the double ring structure. A healthy thyroid gland produces about 80% T4 and 20% T3. The T4 is considered and "inactive hormone." In order for the T4 hormone to become activated, one of the iodine molecules on the outer ring must be removed by special enzymes. This process is known as T4 or T3 conversion (Deiodination).

The brain regulates thyroid hormone production. Your body is a collection of different systems constantly changing based on the short-term and long-term messages it receives from the brain. All this starts with the signals from the brain. Your body is undergoing a stressful event, the brain immediately starts sending messages to parts of the body in the form of hormones. The hormones originate in the section of the brain known as the Hypothalamus, the part of the brain that regulates the internal activities of the body. Along side with hormone production, the activities include: sexual behavior, emotions and the functions of the autonomic nervous system. The hypothalamus is located behind the eyes, hard wired to almost the entire nervous system and directs "Fight or Flight" impulse.

To get to the thyroid, the hypothalamus sends messages to the pituitary gland (the pituitary gland is a tiny organ, the size of a pea, found at the base of the brain) in the form of a hormone known as TRH (Thyrotropin Releasing Hormone). The gland then responds to the arrive of the TRH by releasing a second hormone known as TSH (Thyroid Stimulating Hormone). The TSH travels through the bloodstream to the thyroid gland and directs it to produce thyroid hormones. The pituitary gland is responsible for making sure the level of thyroid hormones in the bloodstream remains constant, so if thyroid hormone levels fall, the pituitary gland increases its production of TSH.

Under certain circumstances such as stress and anxiety, the thyroid can have and affect on the mind, so the mind can have an effect on the thyroid gland. Stress is the most common and major ones that play and important role in the performance of the thyroid. When you are under stress, the body sends messages triggering responses from many hormones. Ones of the hormones we are all aware of, such as Epinephrine (Adrenaline) provides the extra energy and excitement often needed to get through a stressful situation. But in other cases if the stress lasts for a long time, such as the kind you feel after a survival situation, the loss of a loved one, your endocrine system become overworked and overburdened. This can lead to many other health problems. The body becomes helpless and the immune system drops which prevents it from fighting the toxins and infections that would hurt the thyroid gland or stimulate it to produce excessive amounts of hormones. Also, during stress the hormone Cortisol plays another important role here. Cortisol is a hormone produced by the adrenal glands that helps regulate blood pressure and cardiovascular function, as well as the body's use of proteins, carbohydrates and fats. This hormone also controls physical and psychological stress during "Fight or Flight" response which is why it's called the 'Stress Hormone'. In times of high chronic stress, the body can experience elevated levels of cortisol, which can have negative short-term and long-term effects on the overall health of the individual.


If you have any concerns and questions about your thyroid, visit your MD or PCP for lab work (CBC and TSH levels), this will help you determine if you have any problems related to your thyroid.

-Thanks, M


Hyperthyroidism

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The physiology of T3 and T4
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© 2015 Mahsa S

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    • profile image

      David 23 months ago

      This is a great article thank you, I learned a lot about controlling my thyroid and to be able to eat certain foods in order to balance my hormones.

    • mahsa setareh profile image
      Author

      Mahsa S 2 years ago

      It's good to get your TSH checked, even do a complete blood for for Cholesterol, TSH and a CBC it will help to determine where you stand

    • profile image

      madison 2 years ago

      I should check for my hormones too, i just finished high school and still i get so much acne and scars on my face. I just don't like it.

    • mahsa setareh profile image
      Author

      Mahsa S 2 years ago

      It would be great to check for TSH levels and just to see where you are standing and that would give you an opening as to how to change the life style

    • profile image

      caroline 2 years ago

      i need a hormone check

    • profile image

      thenaturalist 2 years ago

      what are some of the herbal stuff?

    • mahsa setareh profile image
      Author

      Mahsa S 2 years ago

      haha well true...the hormones in the body are never at a real stable position

    • profile image

      Jennifer 2 years ago

      I dont think you can compare them to a brake and gas on a car, these are hormones they go up and down whenever the body goes through a change...

    • mahsa setareh profile image
      Author

      Mahsa S 2 years ago

      that's another way to look at it...

    • profile image

      owen stan 2 years ago

      hormones are like the gas and break on the car...that's how they work

    • mahsa setareh profile image
      Author

      Mahsa S 2 years ago

      True, our hormones are not really at a stable position, they can fluctuate depending on mood, sleep, function of the organs, diet and many other factors.

    • profile image

      Theresea 2 years ago

      I think its impossible to keep your hormones in a stable position because our moods and things change all the time

    • profile image

      Jina Does 2 years ago

      Exactly the reason why hormones are so important to our bodies and the fact that they are stable

    • mahsa setareh profile image
      Author

      Mahsa S 2 years ago

      Adeline - When our hormones are balanced it means that our whole body is under control, of course our hormones control everything

    • profile image

      adeline sampson 2 years ago

      I never knew that the hormones are such a big deal in the body, it seems like when our hormones are balanced then pretty much our whole life is in shape too.

    • mahsa setareh profile image
      Author

      Mahsa S 2 years ago

      thank you :D

    • profile image

      Kathy 2 years ago

      Thanks for this hub! It is really good, I like that it is medically detailed :)

    • mahsa setareh profile image
      Author

      Mahsa S 2 years ago

      There are home remedies and also medications (herbal) and non-herbal which will be written by your MD.

      If you are going to take herbal make sure to consult with your MD first and then take them.

    • mahsa setareh profile image
      Author

      Mahsa S 2 years ago

      Yes, for those who wanted to know if there is a medication for thyroid... There is one and it's herbal which is available at Vitamin Cottage or Sprouts. BUT before you take it make sure to talk with your MD or regular physician to see if it is actually ok for you to take because herbal medications work differently for each person. Thanks

    • profile image

      Tereza 2 years ago

      Are there home remedies you can do or take that will balance your thyroid?

    • profile image

      Kate 2 years ago

      Are there herbal medications for thyroid?

    • profile image

      Hellen 2 years ago

      Loved this article, thank you so much!

    • profile image

      N.I 2 years ago

      Great article, was very thorough and well written.

    • profile image

      Susan stamm 2 years ago

      Very good read mahsa, looking forward to read more from you.

    • mahsa setareh profile image
      Author

      Mahsa S 2 years ago

      Thank you very much

    • mahsa setareh profile image
      Author

      Mahsa S 2 years ago

      To Maya:

      Yes there are several over the counter medications but at the same time I wouldn't recommend it since it could be dangerous to your thyroid. I would get checked first and do some blood work for you TSH levels and see where your thyroid stands.

    • Alphadogg16 profile image

      Kevin W 2 years ago from Texas

      This was a very well written and informative article on Hormonal imbalances mahsa setareh, which people need to be more aware of, especially women. Thumbs up on your hub.

    • profile image

      Maya 2 years ago

      Thak you so much ,I have a question.can i take thyriod medicen( over the counter without Dr prescription)?

    • profile image

      Micheal 2 years ago

      Thanks, for the information about hormone and thyriod,