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How To Spot & Prevent Drug Abuse In Pregnant Women - Marijuana & Glue Sniffing

Updated on August 21, 2010

MARIJUANA
(Marijuana Derivatives: Hashish or "Hash," THC)
Street Names: 
Acapulco Gold, Cannabis, Ganja, Grass, Herb, Hemp, J, Joint, Mary Jane, Maui Wowie, Pot, Reefer, Roach, Smoke, Thai Sticks, Weed.
What It Does: 
Marijuana produces a dreamy state in which ideas seem to flow freely and perceptions appear to be deeper, clearer and more intense. The marijuana smoker seeks a feeling of inner peace, joy and, well-being, known as a high.
How It's Done: 
Generally, the dried marijuana leaves and flowers are rolled in cigarette papers to form joints that are then smoked. Depending on the strength of the pot, one joint or less is what's needed to get "high." Pipes, usually with small bowls, can also be used. In either: case, the smoke is inhaled and held in the lungs much longer than regular cigarette smoke.

How A User Looks & Acts:
Regular pot smokers often look and function normally. However, the inexperienced or infrequent user will seem relaxed and happy, and talk more slowly than usual. Thought patterns may seem slightly disjointed. Behavior may seem less inhibited.
Paraphernalia Used:
Marijuana is often kept in plastic bags. It has a striking resemblance to the herb oregano, although stems and seeds are frequently present. Rolling papers or pipes are also needed for smoking grass. Small matchboxes and other small containers (such as 35mm film canisters) may be used for joints, roaches (the remains of smoked joints) or loose marijuana.
How Addictive / Dangerous Is It?
Marijuana is not generally acknowledged to be physically addictive. However, because many users find the effects to be so pleasant, it can become psychologically addictive. Heavy users may feel restless and suffer slightly from insomnia during abstinence. Recent research indicates that marijuana smoke has more cancer-causing substances than tobacco and that smoking one joint a day affects the lungs as much as smoking 16 cigarettes. Half of those who experiment with grass eventually try other illicit, and potentially more harmful drugs. Certainly no drug should ever be used when driving a car.
Effects On The Pregnancy:
Smoking marijuana reduces the oxygen supply to the fetus, stunting development, and increases the statistical probabilities of low birth weight, premature birth, miscarriage, and developmental delays. Typical birth defects include small head, low nasal bridge, small eye openings, short nose, thin upper lip, underdeveloped jaw, smooth philtrum, flat midface, and epicanthal folds.

GLUE SNIFFING
(Inhalants include volatile solvents [gasoline, glues, typewriter white-out, liquid shoe polishes, nail polish remover, oll-leased paints and paint thinners]; aerosols [deodorants, hair sprays, spray paints and vegetable cooking sprays]; and nitrites [nitrous oxide, amyl nitrite, butyl nitrite])
Street Names:
Glue, Laughing Gas, Amyl, Whippets, Poppers, Locker Room, Rush
What It Does:
Inhalants act very much like depressants, leaving the user feeling high, less inhibited and less in control. Their effects are rapid and most last only a short while. Amyl nitrite ("poppers") is the only inhalant not legally and widely available. Butyl nitrite and nitrous oxide are regularly advertised in magazines, such as High Times, which teen drug users may read. The nitrites tend to be used by older teens, as well as adults, for their reported ability to enhance sexual pleasures.
How It's Done:
The vapors are sniffed. The inhalant is usually sprayed onto a rag or into a bag. The user simply breathes in deeply. Amyl nitrite is an encapsulated gas which is "popped" open and inhaled.
How A User Looks & Acts:
The sniffer becomes excited and intoxicated. Users frequently becomes nauseous, drowsy and lose some muscle control. They may develop sores on their noses or mouths. Their breath may smell of chemicals, and they may exhibit signs of irritability, depression, loss of appetite and insomnia. Some inhalant users become aggressive or self-destructive. Many complain of headaches and/or slur their speech. An overdose can result in delusions and hallucinations, as well as erratic heartbeat, memory loss, serious loss of motor control, fainting and, on rare occasions, death.
Paraphernalia Used:
Inhalants are readily available for purchase in most supermarkets, drugstores and hardware stores. One or another can be found in every home. The only other requirement is something on which to spray the inhalant, such as a rag, clothes, etc.
How Addictive / Dangerous Is It?
Inhalants create only a slight physical dependence, but are moderately psychologically addictive. Although inhalant experimenters can die as a result of inhaling toxic fumes, reported deaths are rare. However, damage to the liver, kidneys, blood, bone marrow and nervous system have been found in "chronic sniffers." Heart failure and suffocation is also a danger. Many inhalants are flammable or contain poisons (such as the lead in gasoline), which are more dangerous than the volatile fumes that induce the "high."
Effects On The Pregnancy:
Glue sniffing during pregnancy can lead to slow fetal growth, premature birth, low birth weights, miscarriage, and a wide variety of structural and functional birth defects such as cleft lip and cleft palate; neural tube defects such as spina bifida; abnormal limbs such as clubfoot; mental retardation; learning disabilites; and sensory problems involving vision and hearing.

Read The Entire Guide To Spotting & Preventing Drug Abuse!

How To Spot & Prevent Drug Abuse In Pregnant Women
How To Spot & Prevent Drug Abuse In Pregnant Women - Marijuana & Glue Sniffing
How To Spot & Prevent Drug Abuse In Pregnant Women - Cocaine & Heroin
How To Spot & Prevent Drug Abuse In Pregnant Women - Amphetamines & Barbiturates
How To Spot & Prevent Drug Abuse In Pregnant Women - LSD & PCP

Comments

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    • profile image

      trin 

      8 years ago

      To see the serious dangers involved with frequent marijuana smoking and weed addiction, please see this true story here: http://stop-smoking-weed.org Very few people have spoken it the way it is like this guy James...

    • Hal Licino profile imageAUTHOR

      Hal Licino 

      9 years ago from Toronto

      As I have told PB, I will be posting a Hub this week which outlines all the clinical evidence and sticks STRICTLY to the facts. Then we can all have a grand debate on the ISSUES AND ISSUES ALONE.

    • profile image

      J. Williams 

      9 years ago

      Actually Hal PB Smith is correct. there has been a lot research lately about cannabis being used to inhibit cancer growth.

      Maybe you need to research it further and update your hub.

      Also what does glue sniffing and marijuana have even remotely in common?

    • Hal Licino profile imageAUTHOR

      Hal Licino 

      9 years ago from Toronto

      PB Smith: I'm placing this on both the Hubs where you have spewed your perilously erroneous trash. This much is clear: You are completely insane and are pulling facts out of your rectum. Your opinions on the safety and actual therapeutic characteristics of both smoking cannabis on cancer and LSD in general have absolutely no basis in clinical research, (which I can quote by the hundreds of peer reviewed papers) and you are one dangerous SOB. Smoking cannabis can double the likelihood of a significant number of cancers. You are obviously confusing in vitro research with smokin' a spliff, bozo. As for the effects of LSD, they are all 100% negative, especially on pregnancies where they are directly linked to a plethora of birth defects and miscarriage. Do us all a favor and go away, take your stupid junkie druggie lies with you, and don't come back.

    • profile image

      PB Smith 

      9 years ago

      Where in the world are getting your info, from a pamphlet from 1938 or something.

      Actually Hal if you did any REAL research than you would find out that actually there have been studies that show that the cannabanoids in marijuana actually INHIBIT and PREVENT the growth of cancerous cells.

      Hal why don't you stick to kitty cats and leave the real important topics to somebody with enough intelligence to realize that the crap you are putting out here about drugs is only a google away from being shown to be lies and bullshit.

      To those who read Hals drug "facts", please educate yourselves and don't just accept the blatant garbage Hal is trying to pass off as facts. If you can spend time at the Hub and actually are concerned about drug topics then take the time to get the facts from non-biased scientific sources.

    • Hal Licino profile imageAUTHOR

      Hal Licino 

      9 years ago from Toronto

      Definitely. It seems that courtney may actually be Cleopatra: Queen of Denial.

    • profile image

      Lucy 

      9 years ago

      Wow! I have never heard of a doctor who said it was ok to smoke anything while preg. I guess some peole just have to say something to cover there wrong doings.

    • Hal Licino profile imageAUTHOR

      Hal Licino 

      9 years ago from Toronto

      ARE YOU OUT OF YOUR FREAKIN' MIND????

      10 joints a day for pregnant women???

      I've seen some outrageous comments in over 1,100 Hubs, but this may just be the winner of the most INSANE COMMENT EVER!

    • profile image

      courtney 

      9 years ago

      almost everything in this story is a lie and cigarettes and drinking are worse than weed. smoking is actually calming and encouraged by doctors when pregnant, they say that you should smoke no more than 10 joints a day to stay relaxed.

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