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Vegetables and fruits, how many different kinds and types are there?

Updated on January 25, 2014

A bounty of fruits and vegetables, delicious!

Source

The role of fruit and vegetables in the human diet

In a quest to improve my health and find more juicing recipes, I encountered a lot of fruits and vegetables that I wasn't aware of. Hopefully, you'll find some here you never knew of either! But depending on where you live, you may have a plentiful bounty of some of the "not so common" things I've discovered. Lucky you!

What's so great about fruits and vegetables you ask? Well, for starters they are extremely good for us, and eating a diet rich in fruit and vegetables can lower the risk of and prevent a number of serious illnesses, health problems, and diseases. They also provide essential nutrients that vitamins and processed food cannot! In addition to these mentioned benefits, they do not contain unhealthy fats or cholesterol and are very low in calories. They are a delectable surprising treat for the palate rich in flavor and texture, so choose your favorites, pile them high, and eat up!!

Always make sure before consumption that you brush and clean your fruits and vegetables well. You want to make sure to clean off dirt and chemicals or pesticides. This should be done even if you buy organic or grow your own.

Why eat fruits and veggies?!

Fruits and veggies are high-energy, nutrient-filled, low-calorie food sources that have been traded for high-fat, high-calorie, low-nutrient foods that bring on fatigue, excess weight and, even worse, disease. A diet rich in good quality fruits and vegetables are very important for our health and function. If you are primarily buying food that has a longer expiration date than you do, you need to change your diet as soon as possible!

Eat fruit and vegetables in their purest form -- raw -- is best. However, there are many other wonderful ways to prepare them. Try them raw, grilled, put them in your rice or pasta, and blend them up in smoothies or juicers.

For every meal you eat, half of your plate should be fruits and vegetables. The other percentage should be 70-80% grains and 20-30% proteins.

Our ancestors lived off the land. They snacked throughout the day and didn’t gorge themselves on large meals. They ate things that grew naturally from the ground from the sweat of their brow, and had a diet lower in protein, since those sources were sometimes harder to obtain. They didn’t have the luxury of buying prepackaged foods with a long shelf life, or meat from a freezer. They ate what they had, as they had it, and it was mostly fresh! Many plants and some animals provide your body with the energy it needs to survive. Our bodies are designed to run and react best off of natural food sources.

Fruits and vegetables are our foundation of nutrition. These wonderful, brilliant sources of energy should make up the majority of our daily diets, to prevent obesity, high blood pressure, type 2 diabetes, cancer, osteoporosis, asthma, and many other ailments and diseases.

Fruits and vegetables are loaded with antioxidants, minerals, and vitamins—essential to what our bodies need for energy and its chemical processes.

Although not all fruits are sweet in taste, they do contain varying levels of sugar. However, these are natural sugars that nature has provided, as opposed to man-made processed sugars and additives. The body is designed to use and process these sugars much more efficiently.

Eating fruits and vegetables in their purest form -- raw -- is best. However, get inspired! Try eating them raw, grill them, boil them, steam them, put them in rice or pasta dishes, and blend them in your favorite smoothies or juices. The more creative you are the greater chance you have of staying consistent and eating the daily required amounts of fruits and vegetable servings to fuel your body!

When you purchase them, purchase 1-2 times a week and make sure you eat them all up to avoid spoilage, waste, and rot.

How many fruits and veggies should I eat a day?

Are you wondering just how much you should eat? The Center for Disease Control and Prevention seems to have it figured out.

Boniato

Source

Fruit and veggies are great toys for kids too!

Fruits and Veggies

A

  • Apples
  • Avocados
  • Asparagus
  • Atemoya
  • Alfalfa Sprouts
  • Apricots
  • Asian Pears
  • Artichokes

B

  • Bamboo shoots
  • Boniato
  • Bananna
  • Bean sprouts
  • Belgian Endive
  • Bok Choy
  • Boysenberries
  • Broccoflower
  • Broccoli
  • Brussels sprouts
  • Beans
  • Beets
  • Bell peppers
  • Blueberries
  • Bitter melon

C

  • Cherimoya
  • Cherries
  • Cactus
  • Coconuts
  • Cucumbers
  • Corn
  • Cranberries
  • Chayote
  • Casaba Melon
  • Carambola
  • Cantaloupe
  • Chick peas
  • Cabbages
  • Celery
  • Carrots
  • Collard greens
  • Cauliflower

Durian Fruit

Feijoa

D

E

  • Eggplant
  • Escarole
  • Endive

F

G

  • Guava
  • Gooseberries
  • Garlic
  • Ginger root
  • Grapefruit
  • Green Beans
  • Green onion
  • Greens (beet, collard, mustard, turnip)
  • Grapes

H

  • Horned melon
  • Hot chili peppers
  • Hearts of palm
  • Honeydew melon
  • Hominy

I

  • Iceberg lettuce

J


K

  • Kohlrabi
  • Kumquat
  • Kale
  • Karela
  • Kelp
  • Kiwifruit

L

  • Lychee
  • Lima Beans
  • Lettuce (leaf, romaine, boston)
  • Longan
  • Luffa
  • Leeks
  • Lemon
  • Limes
  • Loquat

M

  • Mushrooms
  • Mulberries
  • Mung bean sprouts
  • Mandarin oranges
  • Malanga
  • Madarins
  • Mangos

N

  • Napa
  • Natto
  • Nectarines

O

  • Oranges
  • Okra
  • Onion (red, green, Spanish, white, and yellow)


Loquat

P

  • Peppers
  • Plantains
  • Plums
  • Prunes
  • Pumpkin
  • Pomelo
  • Pomegranate
  • Potatoes
  • Prickly pear
  • Passion fruit
  • Peaches
  • Peas
  • Persimmons
  • Papayas
  • Parsnip
  • Pineapple

Q

  • Quince

R

  • Rutabaga
  • Rhubarb
  • Radiccio
  • Radishes
  • Raisins
  • Red Cabbage
  • Raspberries
  • Romaine lettuce

S

  • Sweet potatoe
  • Shallots
  • Soursop
  • Spinach
  • Squash
  • String beans
  • Snow peas
  • Sprouts
  • Strawberries


Pomelo

T

  • Turnips
  • Tomatillo
  • Tangelo
  • Tomatoes
  • Tangerines

U & V

  • Ugli fruit

W

  • Waxed beans
  • Watermelon
  • Water chestnuts
  • Watercress
  • Wakame

X, Y, Z

Wakame

Yuca

© 2013 Rebecca

Comments

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    • janetwrites profile image

      Janet Giessl 

      5 years ago from Georgia country

      Very interesting and useful hub! I have learned something new.

    • Bishop55 profile imageAUTHOR

      Rebecca 

      5 years ago from USA

      Thanks Lupita!!

    • LupitaRonquillo profile image

      LupitaRonquillo 

      5 years ago

      I've never seen a list like yours, you really seemed to have covered them all! Your hub is resourceful to say the least... voted up!

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