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How Testosterone Effects the Body

Updated on October 3, 2015

Some of the Multiple Testosterone Effects that take place

The Body Produces Testosterone Naturally

If you're an avid sports fan, you pretty much hear about a professional athlete being caught or punished for using PED's (performance enhancing drugs/steroids) on pretty much a regular basis. It seems these days it's not just the professional players that are experiencing with these banned substances, it's average, everyday people, even high school kids as well.The gym that I am a member of is in close proximity to a local High School, and a lot of these young, aspiring teenagers have been using them or contemplating using them. I am often asked my opinion on whether they should be used or not. My advice to anyone, male or female, who is considering going the synthetic route is one, If your willing to go that far as to taking an illegal substance, do it for a purpose. If your being paid to be an athlete/body builder or that's what your inspiring to be, that's a logical purpose and I can understand the argument of going that route. Taking steroids or HGH (human growth hormone) just to get girls or to help build your self esteem is quite silly in my opinion. Secondly, before you put anything into your body, you should know what it is and know exactly what it is capable of doing (positive or negative affects) to your body. Understand that things affect people differently because everyone's body is different. Many people only focus on the positive aspect of things and do not know or are not concerned with the negative influences that may appear during or well after the fact of usage. Testosterone is produced by the body naturally. When there is an abundance of testosterone in the body, whether it's naturally high levels or because it was taking synthetically, there are many bad side effects it can place on the body, not just good ones.

Testosterone Molecule

View of the Thyroid and Adams Apple

What is Testosterone?

A hormone that is produced naturally in the body (in the testes for men and the ovaries for women) and regulated by the endocrine system, it's imperative for the development of the sex traits. In men it augments sperm production, facial hair growth, deepens the voice and builds muscle mass. In women it supports bone and muscle strength. The body controls the amount of hormones that's in the bloodstream. Too much of the hormone (classified as a steroid because it is dispersed to all the cells) in the bloodstream can have an adverse effect, too little produced can also have unfavorable changes as well. Men produce approximately seven mg of testosterone per day (depending on the man), which is ten to twelve times more than their female counter parts. When puberty is reached, your hormone levels dramatically increase for body development and performance and begin to subside throughout the teen years. After the ripe age of 30, it's basically all downhill from there. Testosterone levels begin to descend about 1% a year until you reach a point, hopefully well into your older age that it becomes obsolete all together and a health care professional or medical intervention is required to assist in maintaining your muscle size and strength. Because everyone is different, there is no specific age/point this can onset, some people experience this at a much earlier age than others.


Benefits of Testosterone

Effects of Testosterone on the Body

The human body is a complex, superb machine and testosterone makes it function at an even more optimum level. Having too much or too little can effect much more than muscle development and performance. Testosterone affects the sex organs (prostate growth, penile growth, and spermatogenisis), the liver can be affected by means of serum protein synthesis, the kidneys are influenced by stimulation of erythropoietin production, Bones and bone marrow stem cell stimulation are also affected by the levels of this hormone, the brain (libido and aggression), the rate of linear growth, and the pace/age you start going bald are all results of varying testosterone levels. If you are still in your twenties or early thirties and you already have a severe receding hairline or are going bald altogether, this is a tell, tell sign that your levels are unstable and should have them checked. Other signs of inconsistent/low levels are loss of sex drive (both men and women) erectile dysfunction, vaginal dryness, gynecomastia (breast development in men), decreased strength and muscle mass accompanied by increased body fat, loss of bone mass which can result in osteoporosis, memory loss and diminished mental performance. Elevated levels of testosterone are usually characterized by a stronger sex drive, aggression and irritability. Abnormally high levels can also increase sperm production, cause male pattern baldness and excessive facial hair growth. Signs of high levels are more distinct in women as their physical features will go through more pronounced changes. On the other side, when you have an excessive amount, some of the positive effects besides increasing muscle size, stamina and strength are red blood cell count is multiplied. It also allows your body to make use of more protein grams each day, thus growing bigger, faster and permitting a quicker recovery from super, intense work outs.


The Verdict

Contrary to a common misconception, you do not need to take steroids in order to build big, lean muscles. If your levels are adequate and you train hard, you can and will build lean muscle. Particularly teens and people in their early twenties. Subjecting your body to synthetic hormones may hinder your own natural production of it. There is also a myth that if you take steroids you will automatically turn into a huge, muscle bound behemoth. Chemical assistance can make muscle development and mass gains faster, but the same hard work and stringent diet still needs to be set in place. If you have aspirations of entering into body building, understand that body builders can be some of the most genetically gifted athletes on the planet. So just because you jump on the "juice" (name steroids is common referred by) isn't necessarily going to make you one. There are many other mitigating factors involved. Now that you understand the good and bad that testosterone can cause on your body, you can come to your own conclusion of whether it's for you or not. Just remember, this is the only body you will ever have, so you have to take care of it.

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    • janshares profile image

      Janis Leslie Evans 3 years ago from Washington, DC

      Very informative, Alphadogg, good information for young people especially, who want a quick fix. I like how you presented enough details and info about the pros and cons of testosterone so that the reader can make up his own mind. Voted up, useful, and interesting.

    • Mel Carriere profile image

      Mel Carriere 3 years ago from San Diego California

      I learned a lot of interesting facts here, thank you. I never understood the desire to be a muscle-bound behemoth, but to each his own. Great hub!

    • Rafiq23 profile image

      Muhammad Rafiq 3 years ago from Pakistan

      Great Hub! Informative, useful and interesting. Thumbs up!

    • MsDora profile image

      Dora Isaac Weithers 3 years ago from The Caribbean

      Great explanation on testosterone and how it affects the body. I always learn from your articles. Thank you.

    • teaches12345 profile image

      Dianna Mendez 3 years ago

      Thank you for the information. Your approach is positive and highlights both the benefits and the downfalls of taking drugs for muscle-building purposes. I hope readers will listen to your advice.

    • dwelburn profile image

      David 3 years ago from Chesterfield, UK

      Really good comprehensive hub on testosterone. Has been useful to read; thank you.

    • Alphadogg16 profile image
      Author

      Kevin W 3 years ago from Texas

      Thank you all for the read.....Knowledge is king, I try to help everyone I can.

    • profile image

      Ohm 2 years ago

      I admit, I have not been on muscletesting.com in a long time hveoewr it was another joy to see It is such an important topic and ignored by so many, even professionals. I thank you to help making people more aware of possible issues.

    • silverback system profile image

      SILVERBACK 2 years ago from WASHINGTON,DC

      Good work!

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