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How to Use Essential Oils and a Base Oil to Make a Dilution

Updated on June 22, 2013

Homemade Soap Using Essential Oils and Base Oil

How to use essential oils and a base oil to make a dilution.
How to use essential oils and a base oil to make a dilution. | Source

Essential Facts ~

Who does not love the aromas from Essential Oils? I for one am a fragrance nut and love all different types so essential oils are a must for me.

These incredibly potent little bottles of fragrance are a world apart from the synthetic fragrance used in many skin care, beauty and fragrance products.

Synthetic fragrance is used quite frequently to mask chemical odors that would otherwise be distinctive in our beauty creams, lotions and potions.

Essential oils always need dilution before applying to the skin due to their strong concentration and depending on what they are used for the amount of oil used will vary considerably.

Base oils are commonly known as carrier oils and are the carrier’s or transporters of essential oils.

Base oils are needed in skin care, particularly skin moisturizers, creams, lotions or any product that needs an oil base to it.

Carrier oils are equally beneficial when it comes to homemade skin care products and at least one of the oils commonly used we will often have in the home already.

Rose Geranium

Rose Geranium essential oil.
Rose Geranium essential oil. | Source

Suzie’s Essential Oils Introduction ~

The world of essential oils is a big one, make no mistake. When using them for the first time or becoming more informed about these marvels of nature, essential oils need to be treated with respect first and foremost as they are volatile in nature and may be dangerous if used inappropriately.

What are Essential Oils?

These oils or “essences” are botanical extracts that originate from herbs, plants and trees. They do stem from flowers as one might expect.

Depending on the botanical matter, different extraction methods may be used to collect this highly potent, fragrant elixir.

Essential oils have been used for centuries and are known to be therapeutic in nature and have healing properties.

The Egyptians, Romans, Greeks, Chinese, Indians and Arabs have all been instrumental in the use and development of what we know as essential oils today.

The holistic and therapeutic treatments using these oils were to be the basis of what we now know today as being Aromatherapy.

The term Aromatherapy was first coined by the French perfumer and chemist Rene Maurice Gattefosse in 1937.

It was Marguerite Maury, in the 1950’s who is credited with diluting essential oil with a vegetable base oil and massaging it into the skin using a Tibetan massage technique along the nerve endings of the spinal column.

Lavender Fields

one of the most popular and beneficial essential oils available.
one of the most popular and beneficial essential oils available. | Source

Classic Spa Uses

essential oils go into scented candles and potpourri.
essential oils go into scented candles and potpourri. | Source

Some of the Uses of Essential Oils ~

Essential Oils & Base Oils

mixing different oils produces blends suitable for all skin types, ages and conditions.
mixing different oils produces blends suitable for all skin types, ages and conditions. | Source

Making Coconut Oil

coconuts after being sundried in order to extract the oil.
coconuts after being sundried in order to extract the oil. | Source

Suzie’s Base Oils Introduction ~

As essential oils (with a few exceptions) should NEVER be used directly on the skin, they need to be diluted and that is where base oils step in.

What are Base Oils?

Also referred to as carrier oils or fixed oils, these oils make it possible to spread the essential oil over the skin, in a nutshell.

Usually the cold pressed extracted base oils are superior to use and they are not volatile like essential oils. They are vegetable in origin and are generally extracted from nuts or seeds.

If you have base oil such as almond oil that has a strong almond smell it is likely you have very toxic oil (bitter almond oil) or have sweet almond oil with a synthetic fragrance used. Why?

Carrier Oils or Base Oils should NEVER SMELL or else have a very faint scent if your senses are highly tuned.

Quality base oil should have NO preservatives, NO fragrance and NONE of anything else! Carrier oils have their own therapeutic advantages and they enhance the absorption of essential oil through our skin.

Making your own infused base oil using oil such as Olive Oil with Lavender essential oil is an ideal way of creating simple but effective fragrant base oil to be used in a multitude of ways such as for massage, into the bath, into a homemade moisturizer or used in making soap.

For further information on certain base oils, check out my Top 10 Carrier Oils in Homemade Beauty Products.

Bath Salts

bath salts are an ideal way to introduce both essential oils and base oil for maximum therapeutic benefits.
bath salts are an ideal way to introduce both essential oils and base oil for maximum therapeutic benefits. | Source

Almond Base Oil

a base oil that is used for it's many benefits and is an excellent moisturizer for dry dehydrated skin.
a base oil that is used for it's many benefits and is an excellent moisturizer for dry dehydrated skin. | Source

Some of the Uses of Base Oils

Beauty Products

all types of beauty products including face creams, facial scrubs and masks may use essential oils and base oils.
all types of beauty products including face creams, facial scrubs and masks may use essential oils and base oils. | Source

Guide to Dilution Ratios ~

For Use in Skin Creams & Lotions

Essential oils for most homemade beauty products go in last or near enough at the end of the ingredients.

When they are added to an un-perfumed cream or oil based product they provide all the therapeutic benefits to the cream and the fragrance. Even buying a plain aqueous cream in the pharmacy may be given added benefits by applying some essential oil of your choice geared to your own skins needs

.

The total percentage of essential oil used in a cream should never exceed 2%

Dilution Ratio

Age
Amount of Base Oil, Cream or Lotion
Essential Oil
65+
50g
10 drops
12 - 65
50g
20 drops
4 - 12
50g
10 drops
1 - 4
50g
4 drops
under 1
50g
2 drops
pregnancy
50g
4 drops

For use in a Bath

If you are not a fan of carrier oils then mix your essential oil in a little shampoo first before adding it to the bath.

Dilution Ratio

Age
Essential Oil
65+
4 drops
12 - 65
7 drops
4 - 12
4 drops
1 - 4
2 drops
under 1
1 drop
pregnancy
2 drops

For use in Massage

When using essential oils for massage, carrier oil will always be used to enable the massaging of the skin. Pick a base that you are comfortable with and are not allergic to an is not a toxic essential oil.

Dilution Ratio

Age
Amount of Base Oil
Essential Oil
65+
20 ml
5 drops
12 - 65
20ml
10 drops
6 -12
20ml
7 drops
4 - 6
20ml
5 drops
1 - 4
20ml
2 drops
under 1
20ml
1 drop
pregnancy
20ml
1 drops

For use in Shampoo

Always be careful when selecting the essential oil and base oil if making from scratch. Essential oil needs careful thought to avoid any eye irritation as it is the nature of shampoo to get in the eyes. Always check guidelines for safe essential oils to use, the most common and the guidelines for children and during pregnancy.

Age
Amount of Shampoo
Essential Oil
65+
100ml
10 drops
12 - 65
100ml
20 drops
4 -12
100ml
10 drops
1 -4
100ml
2 drops
under 1
-
not advisible
pregnancy
100ml
5 drops

Important Precautions

  • Always do a patch test on the skin when introducing a new essential oil or carrier oil you have not tried.
  • Always seek medical advice before using essential oils if pregnant, on medication or have any allergies or suspected allergies.
  • If you have a known medical condition you should always proceed with caution and seek medical advice first. There are certain essential oils that are not recommended for certain conditions.

"Creating health awareness through homemade beauty solutions"

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Author Info ~

Information on the author, her bio and full body of works available @ Suzie HQ

Credit to homesteadbound ~

All dividers used in this hub are used with permission granted on hub, Creating Dividers to Use on Your Hubs

How to Use Essential Oils and a Base Oil to Make a Dilution Comments

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    • profile image

      designermom 2 years ago

      infused my home made essential oils with olive oil which is the carrier oil and poured it into a plug into the wall diffuser but it wouldn't diffuse as i saw it done on youtube... do you have an idea how i can get it to diffuse via that avenue

    • Suzie HQ profile image
      Author

      Suzanne Ridgeway 4 years ago from Dublin, Ireland

      Hi Stephanie,

      Apologies for delay, was away all Sunday. Thanks so much for swinging by and happy you found it helpful - Appreciate your comments and interest!!

    • Suzie HQ profile image
      Author

      Suzanne Ridgeway 4 years ago from Dublin, Ireland

      Hi Vespa,

      Lovely to hear from you! Sorry delay in responding, family confirmation yesterday, my niece got confirmed. So glad you enjoyed this and I would be honored to have my work linked to yours you never need to ask I know and respect you and the work you do and the quality is always top notch! Many thanks for votes, shares, tweets etc glad you found this useful in your lotions and potions!!

    • StephanieBCrosby profile image

      Stephanie Bradberry 4 years ago from New Jersey

      The dilution ratio charts are extremely helpful. Thanks for sharing.

    • vespawoolf profile image

      vespawoolf 4 years ago from Peru, South America

      Wow, this is a wealth of information on essential and carrier oils. I am working on a Hub that I'd like to link to this one if that's okay with you. you know I'm a big fan of oils! : ) Voted up, shared, tweeted, etc!

    • Suzie HQ profile image
      Author

      Suzanne Ridgeway 4 years ago from Dublin, Ireland

      Hi Janet,

      Many thanks for dropping by. So glad you enjoyed this and found interesting. It is good to know the amount of oil as overusing essential oils can be harmful. Appreciate your interest Janet!

    • janetwrites profile image

      Janet Giessl 4 years ago from Georgia country

      This is so interesting and informative. I really appreciate your efforts on creating such interesting, beautiful, informative hubs!

    • Suzie HQ profile image
      Author

      Suzanne Ridgeway 4 years ago from Dublin, Ireland

      Hi Rose,

      Cheers for dropping in, so glad you are enjoying these! Appreciate your support and enthusiasm so much!

    • randomcreative profile image

      Rose Clearfield 4 years ago from Milwaukee, Wisconsin

      Informative and comprehensive as always! I learn so much from your articles. Thanks for another great beauty resource.

    • Suzie HQ profile image
      Author

      Suzanne Ridgeway 4 years ago from Dublin, Ireland

      Hi Kathryn,

      Many thanks for dropping in for a read, Good on you picking up some ingredients. Glad to hear that you found the lip balm good, great to know you enjoyed. I am sure you will make good choices that will suit your skin type. let me know how you go, love to hear how you find the recipes!

    • Kathryn Stratford profile image

      Kathryn 4 years ago from Manchester, Connecticut

      This is awesome! A few days ago I went to the Vitamin Shoppe to pick up a couple of carrier oils, as well as a couple of essential oils to start with, and I hadn't gotten around to finding out the dilution ratio, so this is spectacular timing! I am also going to figure out which of your spa-like products I'm going to make, now that I have gradually built up a selection of ingredients. Thank you for sharing this with us, Suzie!

      By the way, I made the Pumpkin Spice Lip Balm a few days ago, and I love it!

    • Suzie HQ profile image
      Author

      Suzanne Ridgeway 4 years ago from Dublin, Ireland

      Hi Heidi,

      Many thanks for checking this out. They are so useful for many things glad to hear you are a fan of using them! Appreciate your comments :-)

    • heidithorne profile image

      Heidi Thorne 4 years ago from Chicago Area

      Always like learning more about essential oils. I use them daily for a variety of things. Beautiful hub!

    • Suzie HQ profile image
      Author

      Suzanne Ridgeway 4 years ago from Dublin, Ireland

      Hi Bill,

      Many thanks for stopping by, glad you felt part of the gang with this one!! LOL You, Bev and the wee chicks have a great one!! Looking forward to pics of the chicks!!

    • billybuc profile image

      Bill Holland 4 years ago from Olympia, WA

      Well, I did understand this hub and I've actually used essential oils before, so we are on the same wavelength with this one.

      But I just stopped by to wish you and Mickster and wonderful weekend. :)

      bill