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How to make Emergency Kits

Updated on December 21, 2010

Why do you need an emergency kit?

There are many situations that an individual or family might find themselves in that are emergency situations. There are earthquakes, tornadoes, flashfloods, blizzards, and landslides. When it comes to proactively keeping your family safe there is no more obvious first step then putting together an emergency kit. Every home should contain a basic first aid kit and basic emergency kit, and every car should contain a specialized emergency kit. The item not included in these kits is the cell phone. This is a basic safety item that is indispensable in all emergency situations, but it is almost guaranteed that in any situation Somebody will have a cell phone, so this item was not included in the lists.

There are many items that can be included in an emergency kit, it all depends how much space you are able to spare and what your specific environmental dangers might be. For example, you might have a large container for your home emergency kit and may wish to keep extra food or clothes ready, and someone from Florida may not need an emergency winter kit for their car.

I have provided several specific lists for many individual situations. Many of these kits benefit from being combined. The basic first aid kit can and should be found in both the home and the car, and in the winter your car should have both the basic car care kit and the winter kit. 

The Basic Home Kits

You should keep your home kit all together in a waterproof box or tub. It is also important to change out items like food and medication before they expire. All kits should have a list of their contents on the top or front of the container for easy identification. Make sure that all family members know what is in the kit. when to use the kit, and where it is stored.

Basic Emergency Kit

The basic emergency kit is designed for emergencies such as power outage, as an evacuation item, or as a first resort after a disaster. Copies of this kit can be included in the home or car.


Basic First Aid Kit

Emergency contact list

Lighter/matches

Emergency candles/candle lantern

Multipurpose tool or pocket knife

Large stainless steel camp dish set

Dried fruit, candy, nuts, granola, hot chocolate packs, and bottled water

Flashlight and batteries

Portable radio

Basic First Aid Kit

Band-aids

Gauze pads

Antibiotic cream

Eye drops

Ace bandages one long and one short

Hydrogen peroxide

Instant ice/heat packs

Aspirin

Allergy medicine like Benadryl

Anti itch cream

Aloe Vera (usually a gel)

Chapstick

Bottled water

Anti bacterial hand sanitizer

Basic Winter Kit for the Home

This kit is an extension of the basic emergency kit and is designed for snow-ins, blizzards, and power outages.


Basic Emergency Kit

Basic first aid kit

Pop tarts, granola bars, ect.

Warm socks, hat and mittens
Long underwear

Fleece or wool sweater/jacket

Blankets

Instant hot pads or instant chemical hand warmers

Emergency stove

Books and magazines or other items for entertainment

The Basic Car Kits

Like with home kits you should keep your car kit all together in a waterproof box or tub. It is also important to change out items like food and medication before they expire. All kits should have a list of their contents on the top or front of the container for easy identification. Make sure that all family members know what is in the kit. when to use the kit, and where it is stored.

Basic Winter Kit for the Car

This kit is an extension of the emergency car care kit for anyone facing winter driving.


Basic Emergency Kit 

Basic Car Care Kit

Sleeping bag or blankets

Instant hot pads or instant chemical hand warmers

emergency stove

Road maps

Long nylon rope

Goggles/waterproof gloves

Sand and salt

Books or other items for entertainment

Portable radio 

Basic Car Care Kit

Every driver should have some version of this basic kit in their car. This kit covers break downs, tire blowouts, and dead batteries.


Basic First Aid Kit

Emergency contact list

Full gas can

Tire changing kit such as a jack, wrench, and pan for bolts

Windshield fluid

Window scraper

Tow chain

Flares and ribbons

Booster cables

Towel

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