Protect from HINI !
According to the January 7th edition of the Global News.ca, so far H1N1 flu virus has caused 15 deaths in Canada; 10 in Alberta, 3 in Saskatchewan, and 2 in Toronto.
What is HINI?
Influenza A H1N1 became known to the world in 2009! It was called swine flu since the virus was thought to have originated from swine [pigs]. Although most swine viruses are mild, HINI sub-type spread around the world like wildfire.
There is another type of Influenza A virus, called Avian Influenza, which is originated from birds. It is H5N1 type. This virus type brings by wild birds such as ducks and geese.
Since this appeared recently, most people in the world have no immunity.
H1N1 is only one of the viruses which cause common cold: the flu [Influenza].
This virus, as other influenza ones, attack nose,throat and lungs. It will end up in pneumonia life condition among whose immunity level is low: people with chronic illnesses, elderly [aged above 65 years] and babies, including pregnant mothers.
Last time, most severe cases occurred among younger ones rather than elderly people.
It spreads rapidly from human to human.
Why there is so much concern?
According to the World Health organization, HINI virus is thought to have originated from pigs. They are likely to be exposed different types of viruses from different animals such as birds. Since these viruses contain 8 neatly separated genes, which are likely to assort to originate new variations, which may have a ability to spread from human to human resulting fatal outcomes.
For example, in November, 2011, the USA reported 18 cases of a new sub-type; Influenza A H3N2. However all were recovered.
H1N1 became a pandemic in 2009.
2009 H1N1 pandemic: countries in red denote deaths
What Is a Pandemic?
Pandemic is a worldwide spread of a new disease. It occurs since humans do not have adequate immunity, obviously we did not have prior exposure. Immunity means agents [chemicals with a sort of memory] which attack outside pathogens.
The word Pandemic comes from the Greek word, pandemos, meaning, 'referring to all people'.
"pan" means all, and "demos" means people.
The World Health Organization declared that the H1N1 has now entered into the "Post-Pandemic" phase.
What is a post-pandemic?
This means since the virus is there to stay in most countries in the world with people having some degree of immunity, not creating larger outbreaks. after 2010.
However, cases and outbreaks continue to occur in the post-pandemic period.
What are the Symptoms?
The symptoms are similar to any other flu-like illnesses. You cannot differentiate it unless laboratory test is done.
- Sore throat
- Body aches
- Head aches
- No appetite
- Nausea, vomiting or diarrhea
- Runny nose
How is this infection different from common cold?
According to the Public Health Agency of Canada,
- in addition to the common cold symptoms, especially younger children may have nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea. follow the link for further information.
How is it spreading?
1. It spreads through contacts of droplets of someone with flue, who has coughed out or sneezed.
2. Therefore, your might get from someone with a virus by handshaking, touching, and even by touching contaminated surfaces.
How can we prevent spreading the virus?
1. Let us get the flu shot today!
[This is the best protection available to date] - find the nearest place for you by clicking this link:
Remember, even if you had your flu shot earlier, you need to have it again this year too! This is because these viruses may change their genetic makeup yearly.
All Canadians, above the age of 6 months, are advised to obtain it free of charge.
2. Let us wash hands,
- after being at a public place or using public transport
- before and after eating,
- after using the washroom
- after coughing or sneezing
3. Let us get used to keep hands away from the face after touching common places
4. Let us keep common surface areas disinfected; some of these are door knobs, telephones.
5. Let us get used to cough and sneeze into the arm not to the hands
6. Let us encourage others for the flu shot today itself!
It is not painful, I got my one in December, free of charge.