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How to treat back pain?

Updated on May 25, 2009

BACKPAIN

Back ache; lumbar pain (Eng.);

Pain in the lower back is a very common problem experienced by almost 75 percent of the population at some point during their lifetime. Range of pain depends upon the cause. It can occur gradually or suddenly. It is termed acute low back pain if it lasts for less than four weeks and subacute if the duration is four to 12 weeks. If the pain goes on for more than three months, it is considered as chronic. Severe lower backpain is usually associated with a number of conditions including bulging disc/disc herniation, sciatica, spinal degeneration, spinal stenosis osteoporosis, skeletal irregularities, fibromyalgia and spondylitis.

•    Pain, may be continuous, or only occur when in a certain position.

•    lower back stiffness and spasm.

•    Inability to stand up straight.

•    Inflammation in rare situations

Causes

•    Trauma or injury

•    Compression fractures of the spine.

•    lack of regular exercise.

•    Overweight or pregnancy

•    Poor posture

•    Stress and other emotional factors

•    Long-term use of medication thai weakens bones, such as corticoste­roids.

•    Underlying disease

•    Osteoporosis


>

Home Remedies

•Hot and/or cold compress. Hot
compress dilates the blood vessels
thus increasing supply of oxygen
and decrease muscle spasm. The cold compress numbs deep pain. Gentle and soothing massages that

can promote proper blood circulation.


Prevention

Exercise regularly to, strengthen the muscles in the back and stomach so as to support the spine and maintain its flexibility. I Maintain proper posture when standing and sitting. Stand up straight. Having proper posture is a major factor in the prevention of lower back pain. When standing for long periods of time, wear flat shoes with good arch support and alternately rest one foot on a low footstool.

Use chairs that support your lower back. Choose a comfortable seat with good lower back Support or try using lumbar roil using a pillow or rolled towel to maintain the normal curve of the back. Maintain a good sitting position, Sit with your feet flat on the floor, Sitting with one leg under you or crossing ones legs adds stress to the lower back.

Apply the correct lifting and moving techniques. Bend only at the knees and not at the waist. the legs do the work While keeping the back straight, Do not lift and twist at the same time. Wear comfortable, low-heeled shoes. The less impact the heel takes as it hits the ground during walking, the less chance me back will become strained. Maintain ideal body weight to avoid causing excessive pressure to the spine. Being at least 10% overweight can dramatically increase one's risk pf having lower back pain. A diet with sufficient daily intake of calcium, phos phorus, and vitamin D helps to promote new bone growth.

Who to Consult

Family physician Orthopedic surgeon Neurologist

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