- Diseases, Disorders & Conditions
Hypertension all you need to know
Hypertension is the increase of blood pressure in the arteries. Hypertension is a silent disease that is a real threat, especially for the brain, heart and kidneys.
Risk factors for hypertension:
There is no single cause of high blood pressure.There are several risk factors that are involved family history overweight age from their fifties a diet too rich or too salty alcohol pregnancy the combination of smoking and pills the American way of life . Diseases (diseases of the adrenal glands, toxemia of pregnancy, renal artery stenosis, coarctation of the aorta) result in hypertension that regresses the treatment of disease.
Manifestations and symptoms of high blood pressure:
Hypertension is a silent disease. The only real way to know if you have high blood pressure is to measure it. This measure is expressed as two numbers. The first is the systolic pressure: blood pressure in the arteries when the heart contracts. It is higher than the second number indicates the diastolic pressure (when the heart relaxes). Hypertension is defined when, on several occasions, blood pressure is greater than 140 / 90. Sometimes when we have hypertension, we may experience headaches, blurred vision , shortness of breath, ringing in the ears.
Treatment and development of hypertension:
The treatment helps to normalize blood pressure. In any case, it is necessary to correct errors , diets and adopt a healthy lifestyle. Try to follow these advice to lower blood pressure: remove tobacco adopt a balanced diet low in salt, sugar and fat monitor their cholesterol levels;/li> reduce alcohol regular physical activity If blood pressure is high, drug therapy is needed. This antihypertensives (including the mode of action is variable) for each case. To be effective, treatment must be followed rigorously and throughout life. If you do not treat it , hypertension can force the heart to work harder to push blood through the body. This can lead to serious consequences may damage the kidneys (renal failure), heart (heart attack), arteries (atherosclerosis), brain (stroke) and even the eyes. This is why hypertension is a serious disease that requires regular medical monitoring.
Prevention against hypertension:
It is based on your lifestyle in which the rules are: regular physical activity and measured lose weight moderate salt intake eat less fat, especially reducing animal fats Do not smoke reduce alcohol consumption reduce consumption of sugar. Endurance sports practiced in moderation (walking, cycling, swimming, running) can prevent and even control blood pressure.
Questions / Answers
What are the different types of antihypertensive drugs?
There are five main families of drugs: Diuretics: they stimulate the kidney in its function of removing water and salt, lower blood pressure Beta-blockers: they are "relaxing" of the arteries and cardiac contraction Inhibitors of calcium: they reduce the entry of calcium into the cells and allow vessel dilation (vasodilation) Angiotensin converting enzyme: they prevent the production of a hypertensive hormone powerful The central antihypertensive drugs: they act on the regulatory systems in blood pressure in the brain.
Hypertension is it related to stress?
First, we must define our terms and not confuse nervous tension and blood pressure. Stress has many effects on health. It can occasionally increase blood pressure but is insufficient to explain only a permanent high blood pressure.
Why Salt Is not recommended for hypertension?
Salt, by a physicochemical process, increases blood pressure in the arteries. We must therefore limit its use if we have hypertension.
What are the risks to stop antihypertensive therapy without medical advice?
The tension can increase dramatically and lead to major complications: stroke, heart attack .