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What is Hypertension and What is kidney disease (How to care about your heart)

Updated on June 22, 2016

Introduction of Hypertension

High blood pressure is known for increasing the pressures on the walls of the blood capillaries. This can predispose the blood vessels as well as the tiny blood capillaries to be damaged. Ideally, the function of the kidney requires moderated pressure thus the higher the blood pressure the higher the rate of infiltration of blood against the capillary walls. High blood pressure results from defective blood vessels as well as the narrowed blood passages. Hypertension also interferes with the functionality of the heart which later leads to a number of defects all over the body.

Hypertension subjects the heart to unwaveringly tough job of pumping blood using high amounts of energy. This phenomenon damages the tissues and the heart muscles making it possible for the situation to become worse with time. Ideally, the blood vessels are usually damaged all over the body. This may influence the releasing and control of the blood volumes in the body systems. The blood vessels; especially of the nephron , making the kidney unable to release the wastes. In this sense, the wastes and the large volumes of blood are retained within the kidneys. This phenomenon predisposes the kidneys to damage by the contents of the blood that should be released as urine.


Risk factors and Impacts of Hypertension

Most individuals suffering from high blood pressure are at higher risks of developing kidney failure. Hypertension overwhelmingly puts the kidney onto hard tasks. With the damaged vessels, the kidneys may fail to work properly and sieve the blood as required. Without special form of artificial haemodialysis, the kidneys may completely become mal-functioned. Kidney failure has a number of consequences since the waste release is compromised and these wastes may be absorbed back into the body systems. Some of these wastes have the ability to intoxicate the cells and the tissues of the kidneys thus chronic kidney damage.

Diabetes is one of the conditions that is principally blamed for the cormobidity. There is hypotheses that say that diabetes leads to cardiovascular conditions due to initiation of the atherosclerotic conditions. Diabetes is known for causing diabetic nephropathy which leads to the damaging of the kidney tissues. In this sense, the kidney may not efficiently work. This phenomenon leads to both cardiovascular and the kidney diseases. The atherosclerotic events also initiate a number of cardiovascular conditions. In most countries, diabetes, cardiovascular diseases as well as the kidney diseases are commonly found existing together. Hypertension and diabetes have been found to be synonymous with the kidney diseases since they both lead to process that eventually injure the kidney.

chronic kidney disease has tendencies of causing myriad cardiovascular conditions like the stroke and heart attack. These are some of the serious conditions that result when the functions of the kidneys are compromised. Ideally, the statistics also indicate that a number of individuals who have increased cases of heart and kidney diseases are people who are obese or individuals who have abnormal lipid levels. When these diseases occur together, there other risk factors rejuvenate the occurrence making them so serious. This has been shown through the statistical representations of the individuals who have all the diseases at once. Risk factors like age, gender, ethnicity, obesity, lifestyles, as well as other socioeconomic factors may predispose individuals to more serious associations of the diseases.

In some countries, the burden of the chronic diseases have also been related to the costs for managing the diseases, unwavering increasing populations of sick individuals as well as uncontrollable multi-morbidity of the chronic conditions. This is the reason why larger numbers of individuals have been found to have increased cases of cormobidity. Although it is said that there is little information to support the claims the comorbidity in Australian populations are high, there is no evidence and clear statistics to support this. The medical records indicate that a number of the cases that are treated have other underlying chronic conditions.

Most of the elderly patients have the cormobid conditions although the records are not very clear on this. The cases can however be reduced through rigorous lifestyle modification as well as thorough nursing interventions. Most of the focused studies in the Australia concerning the cormobid chronic conditions are not very clear. There are other studies that indicate that there are fewer studies conducted on the cormobid conditions. Chronic diseases are distributed everywhere whereas the cormobid diseases are present in specific populations. There is need for multi-morbidity studies to enhance the formulation of the best management methods for the cormobidities of the chronic diseases among the affected populations.

Some of these chronic diseases are easily manageable through various interventions. They can be managed through patient focused practices as well as through the nursing interventions. Prevention of the diseases would therefore present an easier method of reducing the risks of developing the diseases. Through a rigorous and comprehensive intervention, the burden of the diseases can be reduced.

Maintaining a healthy living is one of the ways in reducing the incidences of developing chronic diseases like the heart and kidney diseases. Since the diseases are interrelated, it would be easier to prevent the development of these diseases by first preventing the hallmark of them. Preventing obesity and diabetes is an integral step in attempts of preventing the chronic kidney and heart diseases. Individuals should modify their diets to prevent themselves from developing diabetes. On the other hand, people must be able to modify their lifestyles in order to be able to curb the unwavering trends in developing the chronic diseases. Risk factors like sedentary lives can be modified to prevent obesity in families and societies. Communities can be educated on the health risks of obesity in order to help them the essence of physical activity. High caloric foods should also be reduced in order to prevent similar individuals from developing the conditions.

Good life will make individuals able to live positive lives that will make them to protect their kidneys. It is important to protect the kidneys as well as the other vital organs. Change of lifestyle as well as physical activity will ensure that the chances of developing the chronic diseases are reduced. On the other hand, the dietary modification like reducing the intake of high sodium and high caloric foods will help in maintaining a healthy living. Management of hypertensive cases can also help to reduce the chances of further damage of the vital organs. This can be done through comprehensive and specific pharmacologic interventions e.g. through administration of the antihypertensive and the anti- hyperlipidemias.


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