- Diseases, Disorders & Conditions
Identifying High Blood Sugar – Tips For Managing And Treating Your Hyperglycemia
High blood sugar, also known as hyperglycemia, is a medical condition where an individual has more glucose or sugar in the blood than their body can utilize. Blood sugar comes from all the foods we eat daily. It is used by our body as a source of energy so body cells can function efficiently. However, when we eat too much or eat high a carb diet without exercise, this can cause our blood sugar levels to rise. As blood sugar increases, it may lead to the condition known as diabetes mellitus. Alternatively, other medical conditions can be the culprit of its elevated levels such as the Cushing’s syndrome.
Over 23 million Americans are diagnosed with high blood sugar or diabetes according to the American Diabetes Association. If the condition is left untreated, it will likely result in several complications like hypertension, heart problem, kidney anomaly, blindness, liver problem and in the most serious cases, even death.
Causes of High Blood Sugar
- Inappropriate Diet
Eating foods and drinking beverages that have high amounts of carbohydrates can lead to blood sugar spikes temporarily.
As our bodies become use to a certain level of activity or exercise, at some point it may react by heightening the amount of sugar in our blood if an activity is stopped for several days in a row.
- Stress Or Pressure Due To Various Problems
Stress or pressure brought about by problems can affect bodily functions, including blood sugar levels.
Most of the time a physical shock can lead to blood sugar spikes such as an accidental injury, high grade fever, or when a person undergoes a surgery.
- Medications and Other Treatments
There are medications than can cause elevated blood sugar as well as treatments like physical therapy.
It is crucial for individuals particularly those with diabetes to always check their blood sugar levels several times a day. To prevent from having elevated sugar levels in your blood, you should know your body and keep track of the signs and symptoms of hyperglycemia. You should also take note of possible things such as, excessive thirstiness, frequent urination, weakness, blurred vision and dry skin. These signs might tell you that your blood sugar is elevated. In addition, you should pay a visit to your physician or specialist so they can diagnose you for any blood sugar problem you may have.
Now Lets Review Some Common Signs
- Frequent urination
- Increase thirstiness
- Increase hunger
- Weight loss
- Blurred vision
- Frequent infections such as yeast infections
Managing Diabetes Effectively
- Use Blood Sugar Meter
To find out how the foods and beverages can affect the level of your blood sugar, use a glucose meter when you change your diet or consume new food or beverage.
- High Blood Sugar Diet
Maintain low fat and low carb diets. The preceding can help lessen the amount of calories eaten and this can lead to lowering of insulin resistance, lowering blood sugar and even lose weight, but staying within your normal weight. Modifying your diet will help manage your sugar intake to prevent elevating your sugar levels.
- Stay Active
To maintain your blood sugar within the normal range, you really need to perform regular exercise but see to it that the exercises can’t harm your overall health. In this case, consult your doctor prior to doing any exercise particularly those who are diagnosed with diabetes since they need special management and treatment.
- Follow The Doctor’s Prescription For Your Medication
For diabetic patients, you should follow the dosages of your insulin medications to prevent from being hypoglycemic (lowering of blood sugar) and hyperglycemic (heightening of blood sugar). This can also prevent you from severe complications brought about by inappropriate diabetes management.
What is a normal blood sugar level?
Basically, the normal blood sugar level of an individual is 80-120 mg/dl but may sometimes fluctuate because of several factors, such as, daily food intake, activities, and maintenance medications. Nonetheless, don’t be alarmed right away if you encounter an increase in your blood sugar because it doesn’t always mean that you have diabetes already. Certain tests and a diagnosis from the physician must be taken in consideration before jumping on a conclusion.
How to Prevent from Having High Blood Sugar?
Although diabetes is a lifelong condition which means irreversible or can’t be cured. It can still be managed to prolong your life with less chance of getting serious complications. According to National Institutes of Health, a good diabetes treatment can decrease the incidence of complications by about 60%.
Treatments of diabetes include:
- Checking your blood sugar regularly
- Using blood testing
- Taking prescribed medications appropriately
- Keeping fit and healthy by means of exercising and eating the right types of foods. Check a diabetic food pyramid to follow approved meal plans.
- Having regular check-ups with your physician, diet specialist and other part of the health care team that you may have.
It is vital for individuals to maintain blood sugar levels within the normal range because when blood sugar gets too high or too low, it puts your health in jeopardy. Hence, you really need to equip yourself with information about how to identify, control, treat and/or prevent high blood sugar tendencies.
What You Need To Know About Blood Sugar Levels after Eating
There is an increase in the blood sugar levels after eating since food tends to break down in the form of sugar or glucose so our cells in the body have enough fuel to work hand in hand to do all the processes from various body systems. The blood vessels are responsible for carrying out the glucose all the way through the body. Basically, the pancreas generates insulin and serves as a key so glucose can pass into the body’s cells. That is why if there is less insulin production, more glucose remains in the bloodstream thus, causing an elevation of blood sugar levels.
Generally, hyperglycemia or blood glucose spike happens after every after meal. The normal value for an increase in the glucose level for a person who is not diabetic is approximately 140 ml/dL but for diabetics may increase for up to 180 mg/dL.
Let’s say, if you will consume foods that are rich in carbohydrates, it will be converted to glucose within 15 minutes from the time you have eaten your meal and may keep on changing for the following two hours hence, causing heightening of glucose level.
What You Need To Do?
To maintain the amount of sugar in your blood within the allowable value, diabetics must eat with moderation at each meal. Likewise, fat intake must be limited since this can also cause high blood sugar levels.
Obviously speaking, if you consume high amounts of carbs and fats but with fewer times of activities, this will allow your body to retain the excess sugar since it cannot burn-up enough calories. That is why, for diabetics, they have special diet plan that needs to be followed religiously in order to prevent from worsening their condition. In fact, diet specialist suggests that 30-50 grams of carbs should only be consumed every meal but greatly depends on the patient’s status.
- To prevent from experiencing an increase in blood sugar levels after eating,diabetics must ensure to follow a diabetic meal planning that contains the necessary groups of food to help them manage their condition efficiently. Balanced meals can keep the blood sugar levels within its normal range within 2 hours after eating.
- Taking more insulin, losing weight quickly, skipping meals or becoming more physically energetic may not lead to stable blood glucose levels. Instead, to correct the anomaly it is recommended to take less insulin and make some adjustments with your diet by eating in moderation.
Whether you’re a diabetic or not, blood sugar levels after eating may tend to increase because of the breaking down of food into glucose however; for diabetics this may not be a good sign since this can lead to serious diseases such as hypertension, heart failure and kidney failure. As a consequence, the key to maintaining stable blood sugar even after meal is to eat in moderation particularly less in carbohydrates and fat intake.
Glucose Levels Chart – Why Is It Important To Know Your Blood Glucose Levels
We cannot deny the fact that majority of the people love to eat sugary foods. Unfortunately, for diabetic people, they can only eat fewer sweets but can still savor it provided that they should monitor their blood glucose levels with the aid of glucose levels chart as this can help them detect whether their sugar is too high, too low or within its normal value.
Let us first know what blood glucose levels chart is. We understand that glucose is the substance that is present in our bloodstream which provides energy to the body cells. A glucose chart is a scale that informs you whether your glucose is low, high, or within the normal range.
These are the scales where your glucose belongs:
- Hypoglycemia is a decrease in the blood sugar level. It is characterized by cold clammy skin, irritability, hungriness, difficulty in concentrating, blurring of vision and dizziness. If not treated, it will lead to complications and coma for severe cases. Once the signs and symptoms manifested and confirmed from a blood sugar test, you have to immediately take any sugary food such as a bottled soft drink or a candy since these can be absorbed by the body more rapidly.
- Euglycemia is the normal glucose level in our blood. It indicates proper body functioning.
- Hyperglycemia is an increase of glucose in the bloodstream and characterized by increase hunger, excessive thirst and frequent urination. In this condition, the body produces less insulin to regulate glucose in the blood. If left untreated, it can lead to multiple organ complications.
How Do You Know Where Your Glucose Belongs?
Let’s talk about the glucose levels chart values of blood glucose from varying tests.
- It’s normal for people to have an increase in their blood sugar after food consumption and usually it rises up to 140-180 mg/dl.
- Next is fasting blood sugar test and it is done prior to blood extraction. A person undergoing such test shouldn’t eat or drink for at least 8 hours. 90 mg/dl – 120 mg /dl is the normal value for fasting blood sugar.
- Simple blood sugar test is another diagnostic test with a normal value range between 80 mg/dl and 100 mg/dl.
- On top, HbA1c is a test that represents the average amount of sugar in your blood for the past three months. It indicates how you maintain your glucose level. The normal range is between 4% and 6%.
Glucose levels chart can serve as a helpful guide for those individuals who are curious about their glucose level. Most of the time we go to the hospital and have our blood tested and when the results are out we don’t have an idea whether it has good or bad interpretation. Now, the next time you have your blood check, you already have an idea regarding these tests and you will know whether it is normal or not.
Significant Blood Sugar Levels Chart: Checking your level of sweetness
How do know that you are still within the normal blood sugar level? Well, as long as you are still in the state of your mind, then definitely there is nothing to complicate about. Being drowsy or if not, “flashy” feeling alarms us that something is not right inside us. Yes, at some time of our life, it is necessary to have our blood levels checked especially if you are on a monitoring basis like those diabetic and pregnant patients. With this, we need basis and figures to guide us on what is standard.
Examples of some of the blood sugar levels chart or tests are:
- Hemoglucotest. This is very simple to manipulate and the most common of all. You may need a glucometer for this, a sterile lancet and a reading strip then you can start checking a drop of your blood then the result will appear on your glucometer instantly. But prior to it, fasting of only 2 hours is necessary in order not to have a false high result since taking the test immediately or an hour after a food intake will definitely give you a very high outcome. Normal capillary blood glucose ranges from 80 – 120 mg/dL.
- Fasting blood sugar. This next sample of a blood sugar level chart or examination is more exact than the first. As the word says it, you need to abstain from any foods or drinks for an about 6 to 8 hours to give you a more accurate result. Usually this is done to check how fast or slow the stored glucose is used up by the body. Patients are requested to fast from 12 midnight until blood is extracted in the morning before having breakfast. Results are released in the morning of the same day the blood was extracted. Results may vary a little. But usually it ranges from 70 – 100 mg/dL.
- Hemoglobin A1C. This is usually tested on diabetic patients every 3 months to monitor them if their blood sugar is well controlled (may it be through a diet or medications) for the period of time. Fasting is not necessary for this kind of test. Results are released within the day and ranges from 4 to 6 % according to a standardblood sugar levels chart.
- Oral glucose tolerance test. This is more precise and specific for diabetics. Still, fasting of 8 hours is necessary. Blood is extracted for consecutive hours and urine specimen is also obtained. Patient with uncontrolled diabetes tends to have higher results on the last hour when the blood was extracted. However, this test may sound a little complicated but is preferred mostly by doctors.
Assess yourself prior to having one of these tests. These common samples of blood sugar levels chart are not that necessary to be done and checked unless you feel any unusualities and you need to have it checked or if your primary care physician requires it.
What is a Normal Blood Sugar Level
Are you one of those people who think that blood sugar level is not necessary to be checked since you are young, active and is not diabetic anyway? Then you may want to start changing this false belief now. The public nowadays is more conscious of what is anormal blood sugar level because of the fear of developing a more serious illness just because sugar levels were not checked frequently or earlier. Serious illnesses may include diabetes, hypertension or coronary artery diseases.
The standard normal blood sugar level is 80-120 mg/dl. Sometimes your level may fluctuate in accordance to your daily food intake, maintenance medications and activities. It does not always mean that when you have a high sugar level then you are already diabetic. There will be signs and symptoms to be considered before a patient is diagnosed aside from basing on what is a normal blood sugar level.
You may need to check your blood sugar levels from time to time if you feel any unusuality like being cold, sweating a lot or drowsy because this may indicate that you are hypoglycemic; or if you are feeling dry and hot which means that you are already hyperglycemic.
Here are some simple interventions you can apply in order to keep yourself within yournormal blood sugar level:
- Eat 3 meals daily and increase you daily intake of water. Skipping meals causes imbalance of sugar levels.
- Have a handy snack like crackers, granola bars or hard sweet candies to take in when you feel hypoglycemic
- Make exercise a daily routine like walking and jogging but remember not to over exercise because your blood sugar will be used up quickly.
- A soda is pretty much helpful in recharging you if you feel powerless but of course on a full stomach.
- Check with a physician and follow up regarding any unusuality. A person who has a family history of diabetes needs to follow up more since any uncontrolled sugar levels may eventually end to diabetes mellitus. Still, the doctor know most of what is a normal blood sugar level and on what other laboratory tests you need to complete regarding this serious matter.
- If you can afford, buy a glucometer which prices run from around $60 – $70. But if urgently needed, you can borrow and use someone’s glucometer by using only a new needle and strip.
- Be conscious of unhealed wounds or if you have noticed that your wounds are healing slowly then have your sugar level checked. This may be a sign that you are developing diabetes already.
Again, it is not too late to learn new things. Always remember the saying “hot and dry sugar is high, cold and clammy needs some candy.” Just keep in mind all the tips on keeping on what is a normal blood sugar level in order to keep your self healthy.
Diabetes Treatment – Diabetes Management Guide for Beginners
Diabetes is classified as metabolic disorders wherein there is an abnormal elevation of sugar level in the blood. It has good news and bad news. The bad news is it has no cure and the good news is it has treatment but it is a lifetime treatment. In addition to the good news, maintenance is the key.
Diabetes treatment aims to neutralize blood sugar (glucose) level in the human body circulation. Such treatment also intends to prevent further complications for Diabetes has many complications by which is life threatening.
Diabetes may affect different body systems and they are as follows:
- Cardiovascular system
- Circulatory system
- Renal system
- Even Cerebrovascular system
If you are diagnosed as diabetic through different laboratory test like fasting blood sugar (FBS), random blood sugar (RBS), HbA1c or hemoglucotest, do not be dismayed. It can be controlled if there is proper treatment for diabetes. Diabetes management has five composition and they are as follows:
- Proper Nutrition
- Check up and monitoring
- Awareness to Diabetes
The most important diabetes treatment is proper nutrition in combination with weight control. Proper nutrition involves adequate caloric intake per day by which it should also have the essential food nutrients to meet the energy needs as well as maintain an ideal body weight thus preventing any health complications.
Exercise goes hand in hand with proper nutrition. It decreases the risk of cardiovascular and cerebrovascular problems. Exercise can also minimize the blood sugar level or the glucose by which it uses up glucose for energy as you exercise. Exercise not only results in weight loss but it also boosts your well being.
Check up and monitoring
Diet and exercise is not enough in the regimen. You should also know how to monitor your blood sugar, thus, it is called self monitoring blood glucose (SMBG). Monitoring your blood glucose at home can help in detecting hyperglycemia (an abnormal increase in blood sugar level) and hypoglycaemia (an abnormal decrease in blood sugar level). It involves a drop of blood on a strip attached to a glucometer where it reads how high or low is your blood sugar.
Insulin plays an important role in normalizing blood sugar level. Without adequate insulin, medications are prescribed for diabetic patients. Such medications are as follows:
- Insulin injections
Insulin injections are prescribed to patients whose blood sugars are monitored according to schedule. The amount of insulin depends on how high or how low is your blood sugar. Most of the time, it is given prior to meals.
Insulin has different types. It can be rapid acting, short acting, long acting and very long acting.
- Oral medications
Oral medication works by mimicking the job of insulin in our body. It minimizes blood sugar level. Oral medication is the least invasive treatment for it does not require injections. It is mostly prescribed to diabetic patients whose glucose level is controlled.
Once you are diagnosed as diabetic, it is lifetime. It is important that you are aware ofdiabetes treatment as well as the mechanism of the illness. Information and education is vital in maintaining wellness and good health in spite of being diabetic.