ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

Importance of Progesterone in women health

Updated on November 11, 2010

Progesterone which sometime called the "hormone of pregnancy, is a major naturally occurring hormone. It is produced in women ovaries during ovulate and it’s main function to supporting pregenency.But it supports overall reproductive system relating to the development of the fetus (developing human).

Actually it seems to that only progesterone has all human development responsibility when discussing its role in human body and specially women reproductive system. Here some main functions are-

Primary Effects

  • Progesterone converts the endometrium (three layered membrane lining the uterus) to its relating stage to prepare the uterus for entrenching.
  • Progesterone affects the vaginal epithelium (a membranous cellular tissue that covers a free surface or lines a tube or cavity to enclose and protect the other parts of the body) and cervical secretion, making it thick and impermeable to sperm.
  • If pregnancy does not occur, progesterone levels will decrease, thus leading in the human, to menstruation. Normal menstrual bleeding is infecting progesterone-withdrawal bleeding.
  • During implantation and development, progesterone helps to decrease the maternal resistant response to allow for the acceptance of the pregnancy.
  • Progesterone decreases contractility of the uterine smooth muscle.
  • Progesterone prevents lactation (breastfeeding) during pregnancy. After pregnancy progesterone levels fall and helps to triggers for milk production.
  • Drop of progesterone levels is one step that accelerates the start of labor.
  • Progesterone also has potential to improve memory and perceptive ability.
  • Progesterone affects regulation of apoptotic genetic factor.
  • It acts as an anti-inflammatory agent and corrects the resistant response.
  • It regulates blood thickening and vascular tone, zinc and copper levels, cell oxygen levels, and use of fat stores for energy.
  • It may affect gum health, increasing risk of gum inflammation and tooth fall-off.
  • Helps to prevent endometrial cancer (uterine lining) by regulating the effects of estrogen
  • Progesterone supports the normal development of neurons in the brain, and that it has a protective effect on damaged brain tissue.
  • Progesterone is starting to use in the treatment of the skin condition.

Specific Use

  • Progesterone is used to control ovulatory bleeding. It is also used to prepare uterine lining in infertility therapy and to support early pregnancy. Women who suffer immature pregnancy loss caused by insufficient progesterone production can receive progesterone to get that support.
  • Progesterone helps prevent preterm birth in women with a history of preterm birth.
  • Progesterone is used in hormone therapy for transsexual women and women with intersex conditions.
  • Progesterone can correct breast shape when both estrogen and progesterone are combined even after years of insufficient hormonal treatment.
  • Progesterone also has a role in skin elasticity and bone strength.
  • In inhalation, in nerve tissue and in female sexuality, and the presence of progesterone in certain muscle and fat tissue.

Side Effects

Whereas balance is most important in both natural and artificial measures, when ever something exceeds from certain points inadequacy occurs. So progesterone also has number of side effects-

  • It can cause increased fluid retention which can result in epilepsy, migraine, asthma, cardiac or renal dysfunction (kidney failure).
  • Blood clots may develop resulting strokes and heart attacks which may lead to death or long-term disability.
  • Breast cancer can also develop as a result of progesterone therapy.
  • Current research shows that progesterone plays an important role in insulin releasing and pancreatic (gland produce hormones including insulin) function, and may affect the exposure to diabetes. It has been studied that women with high levels of progesterone during pregnancy are high at risks to develop glucose irregularities.

Common effects

Cramps, abdominal pain, skeletal pain, perineal pain, headache, arthralgia, constipation, , diarrhea, nausea, vomiting, breast enlargement, joint pain, flatulence, hot flushes, decreased libido, dehydration, increased appetite, drowsiness, excessive urination at night. Depression , mood swings, emotional uncertainty, aggression, abnormal crying, insomnia, poor memory, sleep disorders.

Less common

Opposing effects include;

allergy, anemia, bloating, fatigue, tremor, pain, dizziness, vomiting, myalgia, back pain, breast pain, genital itching, genital yeast infection, upper respiratory tract infection, premenstrual tension, urinary tract infection, vaginal discharge, sweating, hyperventilation, vaginal dryness, fever, flu-like symptoms, dry mouth, rhinitis, leg pain, skin discoloration, skin disorders, sinusitis, acne.

Click here for instant access to free tips, tricks and reviews on female hormones and their effects on health and beauty

Let me know what you think?

    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment

    • profile image


      7 years ago

      Many doctors believe the synthetics are real progesterone because of theirtraining. They are not purposely unaware. If you were to look up in thePhysicians Desk Reference you would in fact see under medroxyprogesterone acetate (thename for progestins - Provera - the most common, pregesterone, gestagens, progestogens andothers) a lengthy list of side effects including: Increased risk of birth defects if takenin the first 4 months of pregnancy, depression, miscarriages or congenial deformities in the fetus, breakthrough bleeding, cervical erosion, nausea, malignant mammary nodules inanimals, sudden loss of partial vision and many more.


    This website uses cookies

    As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

    For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at:

    Show Details
    HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
    LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
    Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
    AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
    Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
    CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the or domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
    Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
    Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
    Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
    Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
    ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)