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Impressions of Others

Updated on December 9, 2018
DDE profile image

Devika enjoys sharing her work with a friendly community. Writing is a big part of her life. Online work has improved her lifestyle.

What are your Impressions of others?

Impression information is the process by which observers integrate various sources of information about others' self-presentations.

It is not only a dynamic process; it is also integrative.

Every bit of information, about a person is interpreted within the context of the other information put together about the individual. Some of the information has more weight, and other will orchestrate all the other bits into a coherent whole. It is not created equally.

  • Impressions of Others are Shaped by their Non-verbal Behavior.

First impressions are often based on self-presenters' nonverbal behavior which involves communicating feelings, and intentions without words.

Whether, a person smiles when greeted by another, whether a person’s walk is ‘‘bouncy,’’ ‘‘purposeful,'' or whether one's gestures are expansive or constricted can provide important notes in developing a working model of those people you meet in your everyday life. Two of the more important nonverbal channels of communication are facial expressions, and body movements.

  • Facial Expressions

Facial expressions not only play an important role in communication, but that certain emotional expressions are innate and thus are understood throughout the world. Regardless of which culture the six primary emotions, happiness, surprise, anger, sadness, fear, and disgust are expressed thoroughly.

  • Body Movements

Facial cues the body as a whole and conveys a wealth of information. People who walk with a good deal of hip away, knee bending, loose joints, and body bounce are perceived to be younger and more powerful than those who walk with less pronounced gaits. Apart from the information about one's age and strength, attention to body movements can also provide useful clues to a person's level of emotion arousal.

Have you noticed that when people become nervous they often spend a good deal of time touching, scratching or rubbing various parts of their bodies?

People who are emotionally aroused they tend to engage in a greater number of such body movements than they are calm.

For example:

In a creative observation of dance characters in a classical ballet it was carefully noticed of the dance character's arms and the body. The threatening characters were diagonal or angular, while the warm characters were rounded.

The diagonal shapes are bad, powerful and active than the rounded shapes these results were drawn to attention after evaluation.

  • Do People Differ in Using Nonverbal Cues?

People recognize the important role that nonverbal behavior plays in impression formation and often consciously employ nonverbal cues in their self-presentation strategies.

  • Have you ever forced yourself to smile at someone you really didn't like?

  • Have you deliberately fixed someone with a cold, angry stare to convey your displeasure or your feeling of social dominance?

However, you tend to use a forced smile over the cold stare it can be associated with your gender socialization.

During childhood, boys are generally discouraged from displaying vulnerable emotions. A common warning given weeping boy is that if such behavior persists he runs the risk of being called a ''sissy.''

Although expression vulnerability is discouraged in boys, anger expression is not only more encouraged in boys than girls. Also, the only emotion that is better communicated non-verbally by men and women.

In contrast happiness expression is the emotion most encouraged in girls.

Consistent with this encouragement, women are not only better nonverbal communicators of happiness than but they are better at making disappointment with a positive expression.

  • In thinking about your own upbringing are your skills at constructing fixed stares and forced smiles consistent with these gender socialization patterns?

Besides these gender differences one personality trait that identifies individuals who are more motivated to consciously use nonverbal cues in managing their social relationships. That is self-monitoring.

It is to prevent them from smiling. Those high self-monitors are no to only more attentive to their nonverbal behavior in social settings, but they are also better able to modify or suppress nonverbal gestures that might be considered socially inappropriate.

The less fortunate people, the low self-monitors can't hide their expressions.

  • Can Women read Nonverbal Cues better than men?

Beyond the gender differences in using specific nonverbal cues, females are significantly more adept than males in decoding nonverbal communication.

Asocial role is a cluster of socially defined expectations that individuals in a given situation are expected to fulfill. Social roles are defined by society Applied to all individualism a particular social category Consist of well-learned responses by individuals

  • What is Social Role Theory?

The different social roles occupied by women and men lead to differences in the perception of women and men and in their behavior. In other words, understanding this information properly means women and men typically operate in different domains within society.

Women in the home and men in the world of paid employment engage in different patterns of behavior and properly play their roles. Female social roles require women to be more nurturing, friendly, and sensitive, while male social roles compel men to be more dominant, aggressive, and emotionally non-expressive. Social roles played by women have a lower status relative to male roles.

  • What is Additive or Average Model?

Two people have differences this is based on their conversations. Intelligent and humorous. The two personality traits you evaluate very positively. You think one person is practical and modest, and feel positively about it.

Sometimes you can be less favorable of one individual. If you are an Additive Model the extra moderately positive information about the two individuals don't match you favorable about one more than the other.

The Averaging Model the moderately positive information about the intelligent and modest individual is averaged with the extremely positive information.

Thus, one's overall impression of the individual is lowered. In assuming the averaging model the less favorable individual is evaluated more positively.

  • What are Central Traits?

All traits are not created equally and therefore a simple averaging model will sometimes not count for the final overall impression. Certain traits exerted a disproportionate influence on people's overall impressions, causing them to assume the presence of other traits. These dominant traits are called Central Traits.

  • The list of discrete traits:








For some people the trait, warm is replaced with the trait cold.

A person who is rated as warm hypothetically, that person is thought of as generous, humorous and sociable, also popular, more than those who are cold individuals.

Warm and cold are central traits that significantly influence overall impression information. In a warm and caring individual, industrious and determined would likely carry positive connotations but in a cold and heartless individual the same traits carry very different, and more negative, connotations.

These traits have dramatically affects the meaning of the other characteristics of the person in question. Whether people are considered blunt or polite is much less likely to alter social perceptions of their other traits.

  • Implicit Personality Theory

People believe of a certain theory for a specific person and make judgment by what they think is correct. The knowledge of individuals are structured by their beliefs about which traits go hand in hand. and the personality judgment one makes often defies the rules of cold logic.

Naive belief systems that you have about others among personality traits are called, Implicit Personality Theory.

First impressions, are often based on self-presenters' nonverbal behavior such as the facial expressions, body movements, and posture. When communicating with other people you often observe their body movements even when with fat people you are curious to see their body movement.

Lasting Impressions

Impressions of You

First Impressions

Do people differ in their judgments?

See results

© 2013 Devika Primić


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    • DDE profile imageAUTHOR

      Devika Primić 

      5 years ago from Dubrovnik, Croatia

      d.william thanks for commenting and have a good day.

    • DDE profile imageAUTHOR

      Devika Primić 

      5 years ago from Dubrovnik, Croatia

      Anamika S thanks for commenting and so good to read a new response very thoughtful of you to stop by at my hub.

    • DDE profile imageAUTHOR

      Devika Primić 

      5 years ago from Dubrovnik, Croatia

      Denise Handlon Thanks for the kind words and all comments so nice of you to share your thoughts. have a good day.

    • d.william profile image


      5 years ago from Somewhere in the south

      Interesting subject and very well written. I enjoyed the hub.

    • Anamika S profile image

      Anamika S Jain 

      5 years ago from Mumbai - Maharashtra, India

      Very Interesting topic. My first impressions rarely go wrong. It's true that Body language and facial expressions can say a lot about an individual.

    • Denise Handlon profile image

      Denise Handlon 

      5 years ago from North Carolina

      Another thoroughly researched and well written subject. BTW Nice to see your beautiful face on your avatar. :) UP/U/I

    • DDE profile imageAUTHOR

      Devika Primić 

      5 years ago from Dubrovnik, Croatia

      epigramman you are a great person at heart and in your writing you always manage to surprise me with such thoughtful poetry, I am so glad to have you as one of my best supporters and definitely an awesome friend among the community. Your comments are among the best and I appreciate every word said by you. Thanks very much for stopping by, and for sharing my work on Facebook. Croatia is warm and now 9.07 am take care and keep sharing what you have on your mind.

    • epigramman profile image


      5 years ago

      When I first saw you my friend I thought you were a beautiful woman with a good heart and a lovely smile and then I read your writing over and over this past year and I thought to myself there is so much more and I read it in your words and in your hubs everytime I arrive here.

      I hope all is well with you . I've been distracted by life's mysteries .

      I will post and link your awesome write here as you always make me think and feel and I want the people on FACEBOOK to think and feel too when they come here and read your work

      lake erie time 12:26am

    • DDE profile imageAUTHOR

      Devika Primić 

      5 years ago from Dubrovnik, Croatia

      Jackie Lynnley thanks for the votes and for commenting

    • DDE profile imageAUTHOR

      Devika Primić 

      5 years ago from Dubrovnik, Croatia

      mylindaelliott thanks fro commenting have a good day

    • Jackie Lynnley profile image

      Jackie Lynnley 

      5 years ago from The Beautiful South

      Very good information. Voting up and sharing.

    • mylindaelliott profile image


      5 years ago from Louisiana

      Very good hub. Sometimes I wonder how people know things.

    • DDE profile imageAUTHOR

      Devika Primić 

      5 years ago from Dubrovnik, Croatia

      thumbi7 thanks for the votes and sharing glad to read a comment from you

    • DDE profile imageAUTHOR

      Devika Primić 

      5 years ago from Dubrovnik, Croatia

      rajan jolly thanks for commenting so glad you stopped by

    • DDE profile imageAUTHOR

      Devika Primić 

      5 years ago from Dubrovnik, Croatia

      MarleneB thanks for commenting nice to know whats on your mind on this topic

    • DDE profile imageAUTHOR

      Devika Primić 

      5 years ago from Dubrovnik, Croatia

      kashmir56 thanks for all votes and for commenting have great weekend

    • DDE profile imageAUTHOR

      Devika Primić 

      5 years ago from Dubrovnik, Croatia

      DREAM ON so good to read your comment and glad you stopped by keep writing and encouraging us with your daily hubs thanks

    • thumbi7 profile image

      JR Krishna 

      5 years ago from India

      Interesting article. I do agree with you that women are more skillful in understanding non verbal clues.

      Voted up and shared

    • rajan jolly profile image

      Rajan Singh Jolly 

      5 years ago from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar,INDIA.

      Facial expressions and body language do make for a good or a bad first impression. We need to be careful to leave the correct impression about ourselves.

    • MarleneB profile image

      Marlene Bertrand 

      5 years ago from USA

      There is a lot of valuable information here. Yes, body language sends a huge message, more so than the words people speak.

    • kashmir56 profile image

      Thomas Silvia 

      5 years ago from Massachusetts

      Great informative and interesting hub with some great points has well .

      Vote up and more !

    • DREAM ON profile image

      DREAM ON 

      5 years ago

      A great informational hub that explains so much.Thanx for sharing.

    • DDE profile imageAUTHOR

      Devika Primić 

      5 years ago from Dubrovnik, Croatia

      tobusiness thanks for the votes up and sharing glad to read your opinion have a good weekend

    • tobusiness profile image

      Jo Alexis-Hagues 

      5 years ago from Lincolnshire, U.K

      Devika, a very interesting article, you've made some great points, however; we humans are pretty complicated, it's sometimes very hard to assess what is really going on inside the head. Nice work voting up and sharing.

    • DDE profile imageAUTHOR

      Devika Primić 

      5 years ago from Dubrovnik, Croatia

      Nell Rose thanks for your thoughtful comment

    • Nell Rose profile image

      Nell Rose 

      5 years ago from England

      I do tend to be able to read people by their body language, but sometimes its harder than what we think. I have learned to 'blank' my face if I don't want people to know what I am thinking! lol! interesting read, and thanks.

    • DDE profile imageAUTHOR

      Devika Primić 

      5 years ago from Dubrovnik, Croatia

      MsDora thanks and most interesting indeed so glad you stopped by and shared whats on your mind about this topic have great day

    • DDE profile imageAUTHOR

      Devika Primić 

      5 years ago from Dubrovnik, Croatia

      rose-the planner thanks for the vote up and for the continuous support have super day

    • DDE profile imageAUTHOR

      Devika Primić 

      5 years ago from Dubrovnik, Croatia

      Faith Reaper thanks for making the effort and stopping by at my hubs you have a lovely day and take care

    • DDE profile imageAUTHOR

      Devika Primić 

      5 years ago from Dubrovnik, Croatia

      Great to read a comment from you Mhatter99 and have a nice day

    • Mhatter99 profile image

      Martin Kloess 

      5 years ago from San Francisco

      Thank you for this. Once I established myself in my"dream job", I became an illusion.

    • Faith Reaper profile image

      Faith Reaper 

      5 years ago from southern USA

      Yes, non-verbal body language is very telling to me; however, we may not be able to tell by such the true nature of the person's character. Everyone deserves a second chance, as you have written in one of your images.

      Interesting article.

      Blessings, Faith Reaper

    • rose-the planner profile image

      rose-the planner 

      5 years ago from Toronto, Ontario-Canada

      A very insightful and interesting article. You can absolutely tell a lot about people through body language and facial expressions. However, we have to sometimes be careful about passing judgement on people based on the way we initially perceive them. I have known of people that give off the impression of being rude snobs when in fact they are extremely shy. Thank you for sharing. (Voted Up) -Rose

    • MsDora profile image

      Dora Weithers 

      5 years ago from The Caribbean

      DDE, I watched several episodes of "Lie to Me," just to observe and learn how to figure out people by their body language and facial expressions. Such an interesting science. However, I discover that even when we are right about the attitude and emotions people express, we still have to ask why. You highlighted some great points. Thank you.

    • DDE profile imageAUTHOR

      Devika Primić 

      5 years ago from Dubrovnik, Croatia

      Zubair Ahmed interesting comment from I am glad you came by thanks and have a lovely night

    • DDE profile imageAUTHOR

      Devika Primić 

      5 years ago from Dubrovnik, Croatia

      jhamann so glad you stopped by

    • DDE profile imageAUTHOR

      Devika Primić 

      5 years ago from Dubrovnik, Croatia

      Hi sallybea it must have been a most enjoyable day for the boy and the expressions experienced shows immediately thanks very much for commenting have a lovely night

    • sallybea profile image

      Sally Gulbrandsen 

      5 years ago from Norfolk

      Hello DDE I do find body language fascinating. I was editing some photos of a grandmother and her grandson which I took on the beach yesterday and I was surprised at how much I could gauge from their body and facial expressions. The love that exuded from them was amazing to see but when it was time to leave, I could see from the little boys face that he was not been ready to go home yet - he simply did not want this wonderful experience with him Grandma to end. Very interesting subject DDE thank you.

    • jhamann profile image

      Jamie Lee Hamann 

      5 years ago from Reno NV

      Very informative hub thank you for sharing. Jamie

    • Zubair Ahmed profile image

      Zubair Ahmed 

      5 years ago

      Hi DDE,

      Nice information, Yes I remember some of what you mention from some training I did many years ago. Very interesting being able to identify and judge the reaction of a person by analysing their non-verbal cues.

      I think it's hard when you first start, but with some active participation and observation it can be a learned trait to pick up on these characteristics.

    • DDE profile imageAUTHOR

      Devika Primić 

      5 years ago from Dubrovnik, Croatia

      Great to hear from you billybuc and yes it happens to all of u s have a nice day.

    • billybuc profile image

      Bill Holland 

      5 years ago from Olympia, WA

      Interesting topic. I am usually right on with my first impressions, while Bev is quite often mistaken. Why? Because she constantly sees the best in people, even if it isn't there. :) I am a bit more discerning in my views of my fellow human beings.


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