Is Hepatitis B Curable?
It is a serious infectious agent of the liver in humans caused by the hepatitis B virus. It becomes chronic & lasts more than six months. It can cause injury of an organ, liver cancer, liver failure & cirrhosis (a condition that perpetually scars of the liver). It can be severe without treatment & transmits through open sores & body fluids of someone who has a viral infection. It is a DNA virus. In adults, it should not rear a long time. The body of the infected person has the ability to fight with it & sustain immunity for the rest of life. But, you can also obtain it again. A vaccine can treat the infection, but there is no treatment if you have any condition.
It varies from person to person via blood, semen, or other body fluids. Sneezing & coughing don't cause a viral infection.
There are the following causes of hepatitis B virus:
- It can be spread through sexual contact if a person infected with the hepatitis B virus.
- It can also pass through infected person blood, saliva & semen that enter your body.
- Hepatitis B virus easily transmitted through contaminated syringes.
- Its spread via an accidental needle stick.
- If a pregnant woman has an infectious virus, also pass onto her child.
Acute hepatitis B virus
It usually lasts less than six months. If your body has resistance against infection than you should recover completely within a few months.
Chronic hepatitis B virus
It usually lasts six months or longer. It remains due to your weak immune system. In this case, It may last a lifetime.
There are following signs that vary from rare to severe including:
- Fever, Fatigue
- Loss of appetite
- Abdominal pain & discomforts
- Dark urine
- pain in belly
- Nausea & vomiting
- Jaundice (skin color becomes yellow).
- Inflammation of the stomach
Hepatitis B Virology
It is known as the enveloped virus with an internal polyhedron nucleocapsid having a relaxed circular DNA genome that is replicated through per genomic RNA (reverse transcription of RNA). The virus spread to human hepatocytes by binding the cell surface receptor. HBV gives it's an internal nucleocapsid to the nuclear pore complex. Relaxed circular DNA liberates into the nucleus.
Replication of Hepatitis B
Its replication also prompts to the secretions of larger particles & soluble antigen, that will contribute to diagnoses & treatments of viral infection.
It can lead to acute complications including.
- Liver cancer
- Liver Failure
- Cirrhosis (scarring of the liver)
- Disorders of kidney
- Inflammation of blood vessels.
It can be recognized by two methods:
Hepatitis B surface antigen & antibodies
A method in which protein on the hepatitis B virus is known as antigen & protein produce by the immune cells known as an antibody. They are often seen in blood 1 & 10 weeks. If you get well, they will disappear after 4 to 6 months. If they do not disappear then your condition is serious & chronic.
Hepatitis B surface antigens
They appear when HBsAg disappears. These are related to the immune system.
Risks of Acquiring hepatitis B virus
There are the following factors such as:
- Travel to the areas where the rate of viral infection is high.
- Pregnant women who have an infection.
- people having multiple sexes with one or more infected persons.
- Through blood transfusion of infected persons.
- If you have a viral infection than you need to see a doctor as soon as possible.
- Vaccination & HBV immune globulin protein boost your immune system.
- Healthy diet.
- Avoid consumption of alcohol.
There is no treatment & cure for it except for vaccination. But again It frequently goes away in 24 weeks. Its treatment depends upon your capability of the immune system.
Hepatitis B virus vaccine is suggested for:
- Children who are not vaccinated at birth.
- People who are working in the Health & childcare center.
- Those who have kidney disease.
- Don't share needles & syringes, pre chew food for a baby & toothbrushes.
- Make sure that all tools for manicure & pedicure are properly cleaned or sterilized.