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Is There A Cure For Ebola Virus Disease or Ebola Hemorrhagic Fever?

Updated on February 8, 2017
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Jo has been an ITU nurse at the London North West NHS Trust for 14 years. She obtained her RN at University College London Hospital.

Ebola Virus Budding From Cell

Budding is a form of viral shedding, it enables viruses to exit the host cell, mostly used by enveloped viruses.
Budding is a form of viral shedding, it enables viruses to exit the host cell, mostly used by enveloped viruses. | Source

Ebola Outbreak

Ebola virus disease, (EVD) previously known as Ebola hemorrhagic fever (EHF) is a scary and mysterious African virus with a bad reputation. It is currently crossing global boundaries with ease. But the race is on for the development of a cure and vaccine to stop the virus and end the nightmare that is Ebola.

A virus by any other name would be as feared, yet, it is not the name that is the enemy. Can we fight and finally beat this evasive and ferocious enemy, can it be cured? Why do some people survive Ebola and others don't? Where is the source of the virus, and can it mutate to become airborne as some experts seem to fear? The world needs answers to all these questions and many more in order to suppress the rising panic, as the Ebola virus gets ever closer, much too close for our peace of mind.

Ebola in the blood stream

Transmission electron microscopy (TEM) revealing some ultrastructural morphology as displayed by an Ebola Virus Infective form outside a host cell


Signs and symptoms of Ebola Hemorrhagic Fever include:

Fever (90%-100%)

A headache (40%-90%)


Myalgia/arthralgia (muscle/joint pain) (40%-80%)

Malaise (general discomfort) (75%-85%)

Pharyngitis ( inflammation of the pharynx at the back of the throat) (20%-40%)

Loss of Appetite

Vomiting (59%

Hematemesis (vomiting of blood) (10%-40%)

Non-bloody diarrhoea (81%)

Blood unable to clot (71%-78%)

Abdominal Pain (605-80%)

Dry, sore mouth (63%)

Chest Pain (83% of EBO-E infected patients, uncommon in EBO-Z infected patients)

Hemorrhagic diathesis (unusual susceptibility to bleeding) (71%-78%)

Maculopapular rash (5%-20%) (a type of rash with flat red area on the skin, covered with small bumps merging)

Hiccups (15%)

Liver Damage

Kidney failure

Central Nervous System involvement, not common

Terminal shock

Lymphopenia (Insufficient lymphocytes, a type of white blood cell that fights infection)

Severe thrombocytopenia (decrease platelet count that causes bleeding)

Transaminase elevation (an indication of liver damage)

Hyperamylasemia (an excess of the pancreatic enzyme amylase in the blood)

In the convalescent stage: loss of memory, central nervous system disorders and hair loss.

Cause of Ebola Virus Disease

The name Ebola is sufficient to strike fear and terror into the stoutest of hearts. The Ebola virus is the stuff of scary movies, the kind we hoped would never become a reality. But as the first reported case of the virus appeared in the U.S. and more recently, here in Europe, we can't help but wonder where it will strike next and how hard.

Even as I write this article, the awful news have reached us that another health care worker in Houston, Texas is now the first person to be infected with the dreaded Ebola virus inside the U.S.

The Ebola virus got it's name from the Ebola river in Zaire, now the Democratic Republic of the Congo, close to where the virus was first documented.

We've seen the pandemic movies like “Outbreak” we've watched safe in the knowledge that while the idea may be plausible, such events would never happen. some far flung corner of Africa, but not in our back yards. However, with globalization and mass travel, we are all sharing the same back yard. Nothing demonstrates this fact more than the current Ebola crisis.

We are now living in an ever-shrinking world, what happens on the far side of the planet can reverberate across the globe in a matter of hours. Because we've failed to grasp this simple truth we may be called upon to pay the ultimate price.

Ebola virus disease, also known simply as Ebola, is a disease that affects humans and other primates like monkeys, gorillas, and chimpanzees, also bats and rodents.

The disease is caused by infection with ebolavirus from the family Filoviridae, that includes three genera; Cuevavirus, Marburgvirus and Ebolavaris. "Filoviridae" comes from the Latin filo, meaning ''threadlike.'' The dangerous nature of filoviruses makes them difficult to study, which is why so little is known about this type of viruses. The CDC classified Filoviruses as biosafety level 4, this includes the most deadly diseases on the planet.

There are five known species of the ebolaviruses genus, four of which causes Ebola virus disease in human, and manifest as a type of hemorrhagic fever with a very high death rate. The five known virus species are named after the region where each virus was initially discovered :

  • Bundibugyo ebolaviruses
  • Reston ebolavirus

  • Sudan ebolavirus

  • Tai Forest ebolavirus

  • Zaire ebolavirus,

The Zaire ebolavirus, most frequently refers to as 'Ebola virus' is responsible for the highest number of outbreaks, the first documented outbreak occurred in 1976, with the highest mortality rate among the ebolaviruses. The Ebola virus is transmitted to humans from wild animals and spreads by human to human transmission in the human population.

The average case fatality for the current EVD is 50%, but have varied from 25% to 90% in past outbreaks. The recent outbreak in March 2014, which began in West Africa, is the largest most complex since the Ebola virus was first documented.

This outbreak has affected more people and took more lives than all previous outbreaks combined. The disease spread from Guinea, across the borders to Sierra Leone to Liberia by air and on to Nigeria by a single traveler, then by land to Senegal, again by one traveler. The most severely affected countries are those where the health care system are lacking in resources. To date, there has been in excess of 4033 reported deaths in Africa due to Ebola virus disease. This figures are based on the official statistics only.

On August 8th the WHO Director-General declared the outbreak a 'Public Health Emergency of International Concern' even as another unrelated outbreak began in an isolated part of the Democratic Republic of Congo.

This feared virus, was first encountered in Zaire and Sudan in 1976. The Sudan virus infected over 284 people with a mortality rate of 53%. The second Ebola virus emerged a few months later in Yambuku in Zaire and was referred to as Ebola-Zaire (EBOZ), it infected 318 people with a mortality rate of 88%. Although scientific researchers made a huge effort to find the natural source or reservoir of the disease, it was never identified.

The third strain of Ebola, Ebola Reston (EBOR) showed up in 1989. The virus was discovered in monkeys imported to Reston, Virginia, from the Philippines. Mercifully, the few people infected with EBOR did not developed the hemorrhagic fever typical of the disease. EBOR is the only sub-type of the virus which does not cause disease in humans.

The next strain of Ebola came in 1994, when a woman ecologist working on a dead chimpanzee accidentally became infected during the procedure. This strain of the Ebola was named Ebola Cote d'Ivoire (EBO-CI)

As the death toll from the recent Ebola outbreak continues to rise, it appears that only mother nature knows how this frightening episode in the history of this killer virus will end.

It was only a matter of time before the spread of this most virulent, contagious virus would became a worldwide problem. But while Africans dies, the world waited, now the genie is out of the bottle, our politicians are as ever reactive when the situation calls for them to be proactive.

The experts were well aware of the likelihood that given the right set of circumstances, this virus had the potential to spread right across the planet. Instead of taking action to prevent this, it would seem that they simply sat on their hands and hoped for the best. Ebola currently spreads through direct person to person contact in the human population. In Africa, where wild animals are caught and used for food, the disease can be transferred from some animals to humans.

Once upon a time the world was a large and diverse place, then came globalization and the flow of goods and people across geographic boundaries. While this came with much positive benefits, there were always the potential for the spread of some of the world's most deadly diseases.

We now travel as a matter of course to places that were once isolated, we are able to transmit and spread harmful infectious diseases that are airborne, waterborne, blood-borne, those that are contracted by direct human contact and through the bits of insects and other creatures that are able to carry microorganisms from one species to another.

The World Health Organisation (WHO) has declared the outbreak of Ebola in West Africa a public health emergency that requires a coordinated international response to stop the spread of the disease. But our governments are only now beginning to take action to prevent the spread of Ebola.

A fully equipped Royal navy ship, RFA Argus, will be delivering British support to West Africa, as the UK 's armed forces take a pivotal role in the current Ebola outbreak by helping the Sierra Leone government to tackle this overwhelming crisis. The UK has committed to support 700 new beds in Ebola treatment facilities. This action is projected to help around 8,800 patients over a 6-months periods. But are we doing enough?

September 30th 2014, the first reported case of Ebola virus disease was confirmed in the US. And the fear of Ebola went, well.. viral (pun intended). Today, a Texan nurse who treated Ebola victim Thomas Duncan before he died, have now tested positive to the virus. Health officials are now claiming that there has been a clear breach in safety protocol and more health care workers are now at risk.

Ebola is among the most lethal viruses known to man, it can kill in a short space of time, 50-90% of people who are infected with the virus and becomes ill, dies. Ebola hemorrhagic fever is one of the most gruesome ways to die. Ebola kills by practically liquefying the insides of the body of it's victims. Ebola appears mysteriously, strikes, then beats a retreat. Where the pathogen goes, no one really knows.

Ebola Travels Fast In A Shrinking World


Ebola Cycle


CDC Biosafety Levels Ebola and Smallpox Highest Level

How The Ebola Virus Spreads

An individual can become infected with the Ebola virus from direct physical contact with broken skin, or through the mucous membrane. Infection can occur through exposure to body fluids or secretions, i.e., blood, saliva, urine, stool, sweat, breast milk, sperm or from bedding, bandages or contact with clothing soiled by an infected person.

The spread of the virus can also happen through contact with contaminated objects such as needles. Transmission of the Ebola virus can occur from animal species to humans through eating the meat of wild animals such as bats, rodents and primates such as chimpanzees and monkeys are known as bush meat.

However, the greatest fear, as warned by the chief of the United Nation's Ebola mission, is that the Ebola virus may mutate and become airborne if the disease is not quickly brought under control. While this possibility is said by the experts to be rather unlikely, this nightmare scenario cannot be completely ruled out.

Bush Meat Possible Source Of Infection IN West Africa


Is there a cure for Ebola?

In one word no, there is no current cure for Ebola virus disease in humans, this current crisis demonstrates the urgent need for a vaccine now more than ever before.

According to the CDC, “no FDA-approved vaccine or medicine (e.g., antiviral drugs) is available for Ebola. However, the consensus is that a vaccine is not far away. Researchers have made great strides in the past few years towards the development of a vaccine and new drugs to treat Ebola.

ZMapp, An Experimental Treatment For Ebola

Experimental medicinal products for the treatment of Ebola is currently being developed, but they are not yet tested for effectiveness and safety. Currently, the symptoms of Ebola are treated as they appear, early intervention can significantly improve the chances of survival. The CDC says that some people who have recovered from Ebola have developed antibodies that can last for at least ten years, possibly longer. It is not yet known if those who recover from Ebola are immune for life or can become infected with a different species of the disease.

ZMapp is an experimental treatment that is now being developed in collaboration between MappBiopharmaceutical Inc., and LeafBio to treat the Ebola virus, but it is not a vaccine and requires time to produce.

ZMapp is a combination of three different monoclonal antibodies ( antibodies made by identical immune cells that are all clones of a unique parent cell) designed to bind to the protein of the Ebola virus triggering the immune system to destroy it.

This experimental drug therapy caused some controversy when it was given to U.S. Doctor Kent Brantly and Nancy Writebol in Liberia.The manufacturers explained that there is a very limited supply of the drugs that is still in the experimental stage, it cannot be bought and is not available for general use. The drug takes a long time to make; it requires a particular biologically-engineered tobacco that can produce authentic human proteins. While there are plans for phase 1 clinical trials of the drug, they do not have the capacity to manufacture it in large quantities.

ZMapp and other Ebola drugs are apparently being fast-tracked for FDA approval.

Read "Ebola" By Dr Willian T.Close, An American Surgeon Who Played An Important Role In Controlling The 1976 Ebola Epidemic.

"The World Is A Small Community of Nations, When Someone Coughs Nobody Sleeps" (Dr William Close). A Powerful Documentary That Everyone Should See.

The Ebola Virus Disease Epidemic Spread

show route and directions
A markerLiberia -
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B markerSierra Leone -
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C markerGuinea -
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D markerNigeria -
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E markerSenegal -
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F markerTexas, USA -
Texas, USA
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G markerMadrid, Spain -
Madrid, Madrid, Spain
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H markerGermany -
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I markerFrance -
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J markerNorway -
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More Countries Are Making Financial Contributions to The UN For The Ebola Response.

What Do You Think?

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Kadiatu,11, is an Ebola survivor and a former patient of a Red Cross Treatment Centre in Sierra Leone



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    • tobusiness profile image

      Jo Alexis-Hagues 3 years ago from Bedfordshire, U.K

      Hi Jason, thank you for taking a look, I'm so glad you found the hub useful, much appreciated.

      My best to you.

    • Jason Mcnutt profile image

      Jason McNutt 3 years ago from Box Elder, South Dakota

      There is a lot of good research in here. Thank you for the effort to get this information out there for all to see.

    • tobusiness profile image

      Jo Alexis-Hagues 3 years ago from Bedfordshire, U.K

      Poetryman6969, I think we humans are the greatest barrier to eradicating diseases from the planet. We've misused antibiotics, refused to vaccinate children from childhood diseases that are now making a come back. We've failed to vaccinate people in poorer countries and now we are trying to fight off diseases like TB, not to mention superbugs such as MRSA. The Ebola crisis was only a matter of time.

      The other problem we'll be facing if we were to eradicate all disease from this planet is population control. It is more likely that we will be the aliens looking for new habitat. :) Thank you for reading and for the thought provoking comment. Take care and my best to you.

    • poetryman6969 profile image

      poetryman6969 3 years ago

      I actually think there will one day be a cure for just about everything but I think we will have to take the emphasis off health care and put it on health. Right now the emphasis seems to be keeping the body healthy enough to act as a host for disease. I hope that one day we will evict the diseases and take back over our own bodies. Won't it be odd if on that day, alien spaceships land and announce we have violated the prime directive since the only reason we were created was to host diseases!

    • Vellur profile image

      Nithya Venkat 3 years ago from Dubai

      Informative hub about the Ebola virus. I hope they find a cure for this soon. It is transmitting at such a fast pace and taking so many lives. Thank you for sharing this hub and voted up.

    • tobusiness profile image

      Jo Alexis-Hagues 3 years ago from Bedfordshire, U.K

      tazztamar, I'm so glad you found the hub useful, there are a lot of information out there it's difficult eieving through them for just what you want. Thanks for the visit, comment and pin, much appreciated and my best to you.

    • tobusiness profile image

      Jo Alexis-Hagues 3 years ago from Bedfordshire, U.K

      Devika, this is indeed an awful disease, the toll just keeps rising. I believe to help stop the spread they need to quarantine people before traveling or simply stop traveling to and from the hot spots for a period of time. They manage to do it when war breaks out, so I'm sure it can be done. Checking temperatures is not an effective way to prevent the disease from spreading. Thank you for taking a look and for the interesting comment always a pleasure, my best to you.

    • tazzytamar profile image

      Anna 3 years ago from chichester

      This is probably the best article u have read so far on the Ebola virus. The pictures were great and you have packed so much useful information in!

      Thank you for sharing this - I'm pinning it because there are so many people currently wanting more reliable information about this disease. Great hub!

    • DDE profile image

      Devika Primić 3 years ago from Dubrovnik, Croatia

      Hi Jo Ebola is highly contagious once symptoms are visible a cure is taking a while it is scary. Scanning does't work the best idea would be is to check all passports from where are they coming into and entering other countries. It does not mean if one has a temperature they have Ebola so they can't depend on these scanners. A very tough topic to debate into.

    • tobusiness profile image

      Jo Alexis-Hagues 3 years ago from Bedfordshire, U.K

      Flourish, apparently, the nurse who became infected in Spain, simply wiped her eye with a contaminated glove, that was enough. This virus is unforgiving, we need to wipe it from the face of the earth.

      Nice to see you, appreciate the visit and comment. My best to you.

    • FlourishAnyway profile image

      FlourishAnyway 3 years ago from USA

      What freaks me out most of all is that it can be transmitted via sweat and contaminated clothing. That's not even standard high risk behaviors like having sexual relations with someone.

    • tobusiness profile image

      Jo Alexis-Hagues 3 years ago from Bedfordshire, U.K

      Genna, I don't think you were questioning the hospital's ability, but the circumstances are unprecedented, all the hospitals involve in this crisis are on a very steep learning curve. If the outbreak doesn't end soon, many other hospitals will be looking to facilities like Dallas for examples of best practice, so like it or not, they are under scrutiny. There are so many different factors to consider, including human emotions, I don't envy those hospitals on the front line, so to speak. However, they have to accept that there will be questions asked when something like this happens. Your comment was intelligent and perceptive. Until the public have the facts there will be questions. Apparently the Ebola virus can be very hardy, although it is not widely studied, the experts believe that the virus can survive for several days outside the body, in liquid or dried material, possibly even up to a week. However, the little devils do not do well in sunlight. About the drug companies, maybe for drugs like vaccines and antibiotics, the drug companies should be made to do the research even if they must be subsidized. Let's hope there will be lessons learned when this is all over.

    • Genna East profile image

      Genna East 3 years ago from Massachusetts, USA

      I so agree with you, Jo. I hope I didn’t cast any aspersions on this hospital with my comment. I’m sure the utmost care was taken, but you are right in that all it takes is something tiny and inadvertent. From what we have been advised, this virus can only survive for a few hours outside its host, so the transfer would have been almost immediate. I am so glad you added that comment about pharmaceutical companies and profits…I’ve been thinking this as well. It is heartless. All research has to be funded, and these companies will often fund such research but only if there is profit potential to their bottom line, or some type of tax write-off, at the very least.

    • tobusiness profile image

      Jo Alexis-Hagues 3 years ago from Bedfordshire, U.K

      Good morning Genna, I don't believe that the incident in Dallas was due to the virus mutating and becoming airborne, but in line with what you've said, Dallas is a world renowned Hospital under the guidance of the CDC, I'm sure they would have had some very stringent policies and procedures in place. If there was a breached, we need to know how it happened in order to prevent it occurring elsewhere.

      You're most probably correct about the disposal of infected bedding, often, it's the small things that gets us. It's possible that while the staff at Dallas would have been focused on the appropriate protective clothing, and I'm sure great care was taken in handling the actual patient, something sadly went wrong along the line.

      The lack of a vaccine like the lack of effective antibiotics, have a lot to do with short sightedness of the pharmaceutical companies, not enough profit in it. Whatever happened to doing it for the betterment of mankind? Thank you so much for this thought-provoking and insightful comment, it's always such a pleasure to see you, take care and my very best always.

    • tobusiness profile image

      Jo Alexis-Hagues 3 years ago from Bedfordshire, U.K

      MsDora, thank you for stopping by. Yes...we need to understand how and why something so terrible can happen. Ebola is not new, the potential for a disaster has been ignored for far too long. Let's hope something good can comes of this, a vaccine or a cure would be nice.

      Appreciate the vote and supportive comment. Hope you're having a lovely day, my best as always.

    • Genna East profile image

      Genna East 3 years ago from Massachusetts, USA

      Superb article, Jo. Well researched and meticulously presented. This is a must read for everyone. The protocols at the Dallas hospital would had to have been extremely rigid, especially given this poor man’s soiled bedding, etc. Cleaning bodily fluids discharged from an Ebola patient, or their bedding or clothing, is a common way in which to contract this disease. The virus doesn’t have to be airborne, but a splash from the cleaning process becomes airborne. It’s not only what the health care professionals were wearing, but how the bedding and protective gear were treated and handled prior to and after leaving his room. Hand to mouth/nose for a split second is all that it takes.

      I could be wrong, but I think that had this strain been airborne more cases would have been reported before this, especially since he had a fever and Ebola’s incubation period is 8-10 days. Mr. Duncan was isolated, I believe on Sept. 28th, which was over two weeks ago. I hope they discover a vaccine soon. Actually, I don’t understand why they haven’t done so before now since this virus has been around for some time. Voted up and shared.

    • MsDora profile image

      Dora Weithers 3 years ago from The Caribbean

      Scary, but someone has to talk about it. Thanks Jo, for doing such a good job of providing such detailed information and explanation. Voted Up!

    • tobusiness profile image

      Jo Alexis-Hagues 3 years ago from Bedfordshire, U.K

      Hi Frank, it's a case of knowing our enemy, and how to protect ourselves. Ebola is one scary virus, let's hope it runs out of steam pretty soon or we manage to get a vaccine or cure, whatever comes first, so long as it's real quick.

      It's always good to see you, take care and my best always.

    • tobusiness profile image

      Jo Alexis-Hagues 3 years ago from Bedfordshire, U.K

      Hi PegCole17, thank you for this informative additional information. The situation is bad for all of us, but it must be particularly tense down in Texas. The news over here is that the nurse is in a stable condition, we know some of the people who are infected with the virus do survive, I hope the Texan nurse will be one of those. But the question remain, how did this happen? Did the CDC have an explanation for how the breach of protocol occurred? I saw the initial news but not the follow-up. This is such a tragedy, we're all looking to Zmapp for a cure, let's hope they will be able to produce some more pretty soon. My best to you and the folks down there in Texas.

    • tobusiness profile image

      Jo Alexis-Hagues 3 years ago from Bedfordshire, U.K

      Audrey, we're heading into unknown waters and it is very frightening. I appreciate you taking a look, it makes pretty depressing reading, but we can't hide from it. Take care and my best as always.

    • tobusiness profile image

      Jo Alexis-Hagues 3 years ago from Bedfordshire, U.K

      Hi Ruby, isn't it ironic, it takes a killer to stop a killer. The tobacco can finally do some good. The drug looks promising, but because they must grow this special tobacco, it takes time to produce sufficient quantity of the drug, if only the virus could be Quarantined to prevent further spread, we might have a chance, it would give the manufacturers some well needed time to produce more of the drugs. Those researchers and healthcare workers on the front line are some pretty special people. We find the best in mankind at the worst of times. Thank you so much for stopping by and for reading and commenting, you're always appreciated. Take care and my best to you.

    • tobusiness profile image

      Jo Alexis-Hagues 3 years ago from Bedfordshire, U.K

      Hello Faith, this virus is unrelenting, it must be stopped. The images from Africa is heart-breaking, The world must now work together in an assertive effort to destroy this terrible disease and prevent it from returning again. My heart goes out to all the victims of the virus and their families. Such a horrendous way to die, just imagine, not even a last touch from the comforting hands of your loved ones. Unfortunately, it's at times like this that people start looking to the churches for answers. Good to hear that you've taken some time off. Take care and blessing always.

    • Frank Atanacio profile image

      Frank Atanacio 3 years ago from Shelton

      tobusiness this is or should be a must read.. it educates and can make everyone who reads it understand Ebola.. a great hub and in these times education is key...bless you

    • PegCole17 profile image

      Peg Cole 3 years ago from Dallas, Texas

      I read your article with a great deal of interest and it is quite informative.

      It's all over the news here in Dallas about Thomas Eric Duncan who flew into Dallas from Liberia on Sept 20 and was admitted to the hospital on the 26th with 103 degree fever. Mr. Duncan passed away from Ebola last week.

      Sunday 10-11-14, one of his Texas caregivers came down with a confirmed case of Ebola, verified by both TX Health Services and the CDC. She works at Texas Health Presbyterian Hospital in Dallas where he was treated and was among the 40 people assigned to care for Mr. Duncan. He was not given the Zmapp which Dr. Brantley received as they say there are no more samples available.

    • AudreyHowitt profile image

      Audrey Howitt 3 years ago from California

      Timely and scary!

    • always exploring profile image

      Ruby Jean Fuller 3 years ago from Southern Illinois

      Jo the thought of an ebola epidemic is frightening. I learned so much from your hub. I didn't know about the use of tobacco, maybe it can be used to help instead of killing so many whose hooked on it. I guess all we can do is hope. President Obama has sent troops to help and medical supplies. I really admire the doctors and nurses who risk their lives by going to help..Thank you for a great hub...

    • Faith Reaper profile image

      Faith Reaper 3 years ago from southern USA

      Thank you, dear Jo, for this comprehensive hub here, which certainly helps me to understand this terrible virus and fever better. I am sure without a doubt it will help many to understand.

      I think that more should have been done to help those poor souls in Africa when the outbreak first happened. I just read a heartrending story in Liberia of a pregnant girl and her newborn baby, riding in a vehicle with the grandparents holding the infant ... the mother died right there. I will share one of the quotes, "In a country devastated by a terrible disease, where the fear of it is pervasive, what do you do with a vulnerable infant?" Breaks my heart to pieces.

      I saw on CBN (Christian Broadcast Network) where they featured a story on the people of Liberia, and never before in history, has all the churches been packed to the overflow with people praying to God ...

      Up ++++ tweeting, pinning, G+ and sharing

      I am off this day enjoying a long weekend, so I am able to catch up here a bit.

      God bless you

    • tobusiness profile image

      Jo Alexis-Hagues 3 years ago from Bedfordshire, U.K

      Manatita, take a look at the Red Cross website, it's possible to make a one off contribution or pay a certain amount from your account monthly, which ever you prefer.

    • manatita44 profile image

      manatita44 3 years ago from london

      Thank you. Have thought of them. Just not sure how they work. Worth considering though.

    • tobusiness profile image

      Jo Alexis-Hagues 3 years ago from Bedfordshire, U.K

      Suzette, I wrote a reply to your second comment, but it seemed to have disappeared. Anyway thank you again, I'm so glad you found the information useful. Hopefully the crisis well settle down soon without the loss of too many more lives. Take care now.

    • tobusiness profile image

      Jo Alexis-Hagues 3 years ago from Bedfordshire, U.K

      Kim, I guess it's the Napoleon complex at work in the world of micro-organisms. :) Ebola is certainly a small virus with big ambitions. I'm so glad you found this useful, there are lots of information out there, it can get a bit overwhelming so thank you for the visit and comment, much appreciated.

      Always a pleasure, take care and my best to you.

    • tobusiness profile image

      Jo Alexis-Hagues 3 years ago from Bedfordshire, U.K

      Hi Manatita, I saw a TV program recently about how difficult it was for people from the Senegal community over here in Briton to send money back to their homes. The banks are stopping the traditional way in which money were previously transferred. Apparently, this will reduce the chances of funds going to terrorist groups. However, there seem to be no real alternatives in place. I simply made a donation to the British Red Cross, at least I know the money will be put to good use. It's so crazy! People are suffering, in need of help, yet, the law is preventing those like yourself who want to help from doing so. Thank you for looking at this and for the very insightful comment. Bless your kind heart.

    • ocfireflies profile image

      ocfireflies 3 years ago from North Carolina


      Excellent work. I feel like I have a better understanding of the history of the viruses. It always amazes me how it is those microscopic beasts that can do the most damage. V+ Share for sure. I think others should benefit from reading this very timely information.



    • suzettenaples profile image

      Suzette Walker 3 years ago from Taos, NM

      Again, Jo. Thank you so much for writing this. It is full of great information and everything we need to know about the ebola virus. This is a great reference that I am bookmarking and it is good of you to share your knowledge with us.

    • manatita44 profile image

      manatita44 3 years ago from london

      A well written, but frightening account of what we mostly know via the TV and internet. Tobusiness, you've covered this in great detail and deserve a commendation for highlighting this problem.

      I Skype with my American friends and we have sent some money to a few people who are displaced. We have advanced homeopathics, but outside governments have tightened up and we are not sure how to get it into the country or of their laws. Any ideas.

      Super-excellent and thorough work. Only sorry that its so sad.

    • tobusiness profile image

      Jo Alexis-Hagues 3 years ago from Bedfordshire, U.K

      Hi Suzette, yes, this terrible virus has been popping up for sometime now. But what's a few poor African's life worth? There are a few extremely brave individuals who placed their lives at risk to study the disease in it's natural environment, they care for the victims of Ebola in West Africa with basic protection, they are the heroes in this story and I have nothing but respect for these people. But why must we alway wait till the horse have bolted to get our act together? Thanks for reading this and for the interesting comment. Always good to see you, my best always.

    • tobusiness profile image

      Jo Alexis-Hagues 3 years ago from Bedfordshire, U.K

      Bill, biblical indeed. I believe they will find a cure, but it may be much to late for many people. To me, the sensible thing would have been to build a fully equipped ebola hospital in West Africa, after the 1976 outbreak, studying the disease close to the possible source with the proper resources would have allowed for safer research into the virus, while helping people who unfortunately contracted the disease. The Ebola virus would have been less likely to cross boundaries. Many lives might have been saved. All our governments had the opportunity to prevent this crisis and they dropped the ball. It always cost more to fix the problem than to prevent it in the first instance, many more may have to pay with their lives. Thanks my friend, always a pleasure.

    • tobusiness profile image

      Jo Alexis-Hagues 3 years ago from Bedfordshire, U.K

      Good morning Jackie, it's a pretty terrible situation we're in, the news just seems to get worst every day. You are correct about the fatality rate.

      However, the rate varies with the type of virus. The current outbreak is 50% so far, but we don't yet know how this will end. In previous outbreaks mortality has been as high as 90%, the disease got to a point and seem to lose steam, so let's hope this happens soon. About the Texas situation, it is still not clear what occurred. The officials are saying that there was a break in protocol, but I can't see how this could have happened and why other care workers are said to be at risk. The sooner the cdc explain the situation the sooner the public will be reassured that they know what they are doing. I don't even want to think about the possibility of the virus going airborne. Did you watch the documentary and what happened to the monkeys when the virus escaped through a lab air vent?

      Thank you for stopping by and for this insightful comment. Take care and my best to you, It may be time to start praying.

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      Suzette Walker 3 years ago from Taos, NM

      This is a scary virus. I didn't realize it has been around since 1976. Why have we not discovered / created a vaccination in all this time? Probably because this is the first time it has escaped Africa. It is scary because so far it looks line we don't know how to treat it without nurses contracting it here in the U. S. I just don't get it - we seem to do these viruses to ourselves because as you said we sit on our hands rather than immediately radicating it. Thanks for the indepth explanation of this insidious disease.

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      Bill Holland 3 years ago from Olympia, WA

      Nasty stuff for sure. Let's hope they somehow contain it soon, and in the future they find a cure....before we see an outbreak of Biblical proportions. Thanks for the information.

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      Jackie Lynnley 3 years ago from The Beautiful South

      I had heard there was only 10% chance of survival and with what it does to you I am surprised anyone lives through it. The Texan with it now claims there was no chances take; so could it be an air borne disease now if that is true? But surely these workers do not even take that chance. I am afraid people will take it too lightly even knowing it could change and become even more contagious and may have already. It would take very brave nurses and doctors to treat this; I do not think I could. I really am for stopping the flights from Africa to here. Taking temperatures seem it could be too little too late. Naturally Africans are going to want to get here for a better chance to live and that could be a big danger to many.