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Key Information About Anthrax

Updated on November 21, 2019
srirad0675 profile image

Srikanth is passionate about helping people improve their quality of life.

Anthrax is a killer disease of warm-blooded animals, transmissible to humans. Historians think it originated in Egypt and Mesopotamia.

An estimated 2,000 to 20,000 human cases of anthrax occur globally each year.

Types

 
Cutaneous
Inhalation
Gastrointestinal
Injection

Causes

Anthrax is caused by infection with Bacillus anthracis, a highly toxic bacteria.

Usually, this bacteria enter the body through a wound in the skin.

Other causes include consuming contaminated meat and inhaling spores.

Bacillus anthracis

Wikimedia Commons
Wikimedia Commons | Source

Symptoms

Itchy blisters, nausea, chills, loss of appetite, stomach pain, skin bumps, fever, vomiting, skin sores, diarrhea, swelling in the neck, headache, fainting, overwhelming fatigue and red eyes are some symptoms of anthrax.

Skin Lesion Caused By Anthrax

Wikimedia Commons
Wikimedia Commons | Source

Diagnosis

Anthrax is diagnosed using bacterial cultures from infected tissues.

Treatment

Penicillin, doxycycline, and ciprofloxacin are some antibiotics used to treat anthrax.

Prevention

Control of anthrax in livestock herds is necessary to prevent its spread to humans.

If you suspect anthrax in an animal, notify a government veterinary officer immediately.

If the disease is suspected the farm has to be isolated and other animals vaccinated.

The dead animal has to be disposed of appropriately so that contamination of the soil is minimised.

In October 2019, FDA cleared an investigational new drug (IND) application for BlueWillow Biologics' BW-1010 vaccine. This drug would be the company’s next-generation anthrax vaccine candidate.

This content is accurate and true to the best of the author’s knowledge and does not substitute for diagnosis, prognosis, treatment, prescription, and/or dietary advice from a licensed health professional. Drugs, supplements, and natural remedies may have dangerous side effects. If pregnant or nursing, consult with a qualified provider on an individual basis. Seek immediate help if you are experiencing a medical emergency.

© 2019 Srikanth R

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    • srirad0675 profile imageAUTHOR

      Srikanth R 

      2 weeks ago

      My pleasure.

    • Garry Saunders profile image

      Garry Saunders 

      2 weeks ago from South Africa

      Thanks for teaching us about Anthrax. My hope is that our antibiotics can keep up with the constantly mutating bacteria genes.

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