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Key Information About Brain Hemorrhage

Updated on December 1, 2022
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Srikanth is passionate about helping people improve their quality of life.

Brain hemorrhage is a medical condition characterized by bleeding in the brain. It is due to rupture of blood vessels feeding the brain and accounts for up to 20 percent of all strokes. Worldwide, more than 1 million people each year develop this hemorrhage.

CT Scan of Brain Hemorrhage

Wikimedia Commons
Wikimedia Commons | Source


Intracranial hemorrhage
Cerebral hemorrhage
Subarachnoid hemorrhage

When an aneurysm bursts, it leads to subarachnoid haemorrhage (SAH) - in layman’s terms, brain bleeds. SAH accounts for 0.4 percent to 0.6 percent of all the deaths in the world.


Head trauma or injuries, brain tumor, cerebral aneurysm, weak artery in the brain, hypertension, abnormal blood vessels, blood diseases, liver problems and drug abuse are known causes of this condition.

Stress can indirectly cause this problem. When people have stress, their blood pressure increases. This can cause blood vessels to rupture, thereby leading to brain hemorrhage.

High blood pressure, particularly unrealized or untreated high blood pressure, is the most common cause of brain hemorrhage.

Milking the umbilical cord — gently squeezing the cord and pushing the contents into the newborn’s abdomen before clamping the cord — could increase the risk for severe intraventricular hemorrhage, or bleeding into the brain’s fluid-filled cavities, in extremely preterm infants, according to results of a study funded by the NIH.


Symptoms include inability to use fine motor skills, severe headache, weakness in the arms or legs, vomiting, seizures, sudden headache, tingling in the arms or legs, speech defects, nausea, loss of consciousness, numbness in the arms or legs, vision changes, imbalance and difficulty in understanding speech.

"Signs and symptoms can be recognized using the following acronym: FAST - F - drooping of one side of face, A - arm weakness, S - sudden trouble speaking and T - time to reach a stroke ready hospital," said Dr Vivek Agarwal, assistant professor at division of neurointervention, CMCH.



Doctors generally examine patient's symptoms, current and previous medical problems, medications, and family history. CT scan, angiogram or MRI may be used to diagnose the condition.

A research study designed to determine how magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) can be used to help clinicians treat patients with brain hemorrhages was conducted at The University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston in February 2022.

Blood tests can detect defects in the blood clotting system and signs of inflammation or immune system disorders.

Medical analytics company Zebra Medical Vision Ltd. announced on June 2019 that it has received clearance from the FDA for its brain hemorrhage alert technology.

Called HealthICH, the technology is based on an AI algorithm capable of detecting intracranial hemorrhage based on head CT scans.

MRI Equipment

Wikimedia Commons
Wikimedia Commons | Source


Treatment decisions for brain hemorrhage depend predominantly on whether there is an underlying lesion.

At least 70 percent of the hemorrhage has to be removed for patients to make a meaningful recovery.

Early treatment includes stabilizing blood pressure and breathing. A ventilator may be used to ensure that enough oxygen is supplied to the brain and other organs.

A procedure (trialed at Cleveland Clinic and 2 dozen other American hospitals) uses a syringe-like device to access the hemorrhage location by navigating through the natural folds and fibers of the brain.

A surgeon makes a dime-sized incision, and “pushes” the device to the problem location – gently moving brain matter to the side, until it reaches the hemorrhage, where blood is captured and removed.

Some patients recover fully after the bleeding if proper treatment is provided, but others survive with various complications.

Possible complications that the patients could endure include loss of brain function, stroke, and adverse reactions to medications.

For those who survive a brain hemorrhage, recovery is slow. A minority of people are able to recover complete or near-complete functioning within 30 days of the stroke.

Certain medications may also be prescribed. These include painkillers, or osmotics to reduce swelling.

Ayurveda offers some effective herbal remedies like Brahmi Capsules, Ashwagandha Capsules, Gotu Kola Capsules and Medhya Churna.

Compression socks or stockings, anti-seizure medicines and steroid treatment are among treatments are not as effective as health care professionals once thought.

Nimodipine, a calcium channel blocker, has been shown to decrease vaso­spasm incidence; typically, it is prescribed as 60 mg P.O. every 4 hours and must be continued for 21 days.

In April 2022, a research study demonstrated that intranasal human milk is a safe and feasible intervention for intraventricular hemorrhage.

A magnetically-controlled robot created at Purdue University in June 2022 was able to successfully clear blood from the brains of pigs (a close model for human beings) after a severe hemorrhage.

A brain bleed is a medical emergency because if the brain is not properly functioning, it may severely limit cognition, motor function, breathing or other basic bodily functions.


Reducing high blood pressure is still the best way to avoid ICH, said Joseph Broderick, MD, the chairman of the guideline committee and a professor and the chairman of neurology at the University of Cincinnati.

The findings of a Finnish follow-up study (published in Scientific Reports) indicate that as little as a half-hour of light exercise per week reduces the risk of SAH by approximately 5 percent, with the benefit increasing proportionally to the amount of exercise.

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Famous People Who Had Brain Hamorrhage

Cary Grant, Franklin D Roosevelt, Gary Coleman, Richard Burton, Josephine Baker, Yasser Arafat, Nico, John Quincy Adams, Nelson Eddy, Maya Deren, Sergei Prokofiev, Amrish Puri, Edward Arnold, Mary Pickford, Queen Victoria, Anne Baxter, Bebe Daniels, Lloyd Bacon, Robert Benchley and D W Griffith died of brain hamorrhage.

Word's of a Brain Haemorrhage Survivor

"I was very fortunate it didn’t progress to anything more serious. It was like a migraine but so, so intense.

I’d been to do a pilates class, then a circuit training class afterwards. I’m not saying that’s what caused it, but part way through I was hit by what’s called a thunderclap headache. It comes on so quick."


Brain hemorrhage is due to rupture of blood vessels feeding the brain.

Stress can indirectly cause brain hemorrhage.

Sudden headache is a symptom of this condition.

CT scan may be used to diagnose brain hemorrhage.

Nimodipine is used to treat this disease.

This content is accurate and true to the best of the author’s knowledge and does not substitute for diagnosis, prognosis, treatment, prescription, and/or dietary advice from a licensed health professional. Drugs, supplements, and natural remedies may have dangerous side effects. If pregnant or nursing, consult with a qualified provider on an individual basis. Seek immediate help if you are experiencing a medical emergency.

© 2019 Srikanth R


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