ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

Key Information About Cervical Cancer

Updated on July 24, 2021
srirad0675 profile image

Srikanth strongly believes that prevention is better than cure. He is of the opinion that awareness is a key to prevent diseases.

Cervix is the lower part of the uterus. Cervical cancer is cancer of the cervix. It is the fourth most common cancer in women.

If no action is taken to eliminate this disease, then the annual number of new cases is expected to increase from 5,70,000 to 7,00,000 between 2018 and 2030, while the annual number of deaths is projected to rise from 3,11,000 to 4,00,000.

In 2020, more than half a million women contracted cervical cancer, and about 342 000 women died as a result – most in the poorest countries.

The World Health Organization has set goals for countries to take action to eliminate cervical cancer by 2030.

Smoking Increases Cervical Cancer Risk

Source

Types

Squamous cell carcinoma
Adenocarcinoma

Squamous cell cervical cancer makes up about 80 percent of all cervical cancers.

Causes

Cervical cancer is due to abnormal growth of cells that can spread to other parts of the body

Many strains of HPV are known to cause this cancer. There is no known genetic cause of this disease. However, it may run in some families.

Smoking, both active and passive, increases the risk of cervical cancer.

Symptoms

Cervical cancer is a slow-growing disease that rarely causes symptoms in its early stages.

Pain during coitus, unusual vaginal discharge and unusual vaginal bleeding are common symptoms of this cancer.

When the cancer metastasizes to other parts of the body, symptoms will be related to the region to which it spreads. For instance cough may occur if it spreads to the lungs.

Complications

In some cases of advanced cervical cancer, the tumour can cause a build-up of urine inside the kidneys, which can result in kidney failure.

If the disease spreads to nerve endings, bones or muscles it can cause severe pain.

Diagnosis

Pap test is used to diagnose this condition. Also known as Pap smear, this test looks for precancers, cell changes on the cervix that might become cervical cancer if they are not treated appropriately.

Patty Cason, MS, FNP-BC notes, "Since HPV causes the vast majority of cervical cancers, testing for HPV as the primary screening test is a more effective approach to screening than cervical cytology (Pap testing)."

Micrograph of a Normal Pap Smear

Wikimedia Commons
Wikimedia Commons | Source

Treatment

Treatment depends on the stage of the disease; size and shape of the tumor; and patient's age and general health.

A combination of surgery, radiation therapy and chemotherapy is often used to treat cervical cancer.

In early stage 1, the chance of surviving at least 5 years is 93 percent, and in late stage 1, it is 80 percent.

Many kinds of complementary and alternative medicine have not been tested scientifically and may not be safe.

Yoga Boosts Immunity

Prevention

Cervical cancer is one of the most preventable types of cancer. Deaths from this cancer continue to decline.

An important thing you can do to prevent cervical cancer is to get the HPV vaccine. Do not use tobacco products.

Do yoga daily. Yoga asanas (postures) like Sukhasana prevent many cervix related diseases.

Are you aware of the dangers of using tobacco products?

See results

WHO's Initiative

On Nov 17, 2020, WHO launched a global initiative to accelerate the elimination of cervical cancer, and set up an historical milestone—through adoption of a resolution by 194 countries at the World Health Assembly—that pledged, for the first time, to eliminate a malignant disease by pursuing three important steps: vaccination, screening, and treatment.

This content is accurate and true to the best of the author’s knowledge and does not substitute for diagnosis, prognosis, treatment, prescription, and/or dietary advice from a licensed health professional. Drugs, supplements, and natural remedies may have dangerous side effects. If pregnant or nursing, consult with a qualified provider on an individual basis. Seek immediate help if you are experiencing a medical emergency.

© 2020 Srikanth R

Comments

    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment

    No comments yet.

    working

    This website uses cookies

    As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, hubpages.com uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

    For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at: https://corp.maven.io/privacy-policy

    Show Details
    Necessary
    HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
    LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
    Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
    AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
    Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
    CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the googleapis.com or gstatic.com domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
    Features
    Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
    Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
    Marketing
    Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
    Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
    Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
    Statistics
    Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
    ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)
    ClickscoThis is a data management platform studying reader behavior (Privacy Policy)