ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

Key Information About Chikungunya

Updated on May 27, 2019
srirad0675 profile image

Srikanth is passionate about helping people improve their quality of life.

Overview

Chikungunya is a non-fatal, febrile disease that resembles dengue. Considered to be a major public health threat, this disease occurs especially in parts of Africa, India and southeastern Asia. Chikungunya virus causes clinical illness in 72-92 percent of infected human beings.

The name chikungunya is derived from the Makonde word meaning "that which bends up" in reference to the stooped posture developed as a result of the arthritic symptoms of the disease.

Chikungunya virus, once confined to the Eastern Hemisphere, has infected more than 1 million people in the Americas since 2013, when mosquitoes carrying the virus showed up in the Caribbean.

Chikungunya Virus

Wikimedia Commons
Wikimedia Commons | Source

Causes

Just like the most dreaded dengue, chikungunya is also a mosquito-borne viral disease.

Humans and other primates are the natural hosts for the chikungunya virus (CHIKV), which is an RNA virus that belongs to the alphavirus genus of the family Togaviridae.

The virus is spread to humans by the bite of an infected female Aedes species mosquito – Aedes aegypti or Aedes albopictus.

CHIKV can cause acute, sub-acute, and chronic disease.

Aedes Albopictus

Wikimedia Commons
Wikimedia Commons | Source

Symptoms

Chikungunya is rarely fatal, but the symptoms can be severe, long-lasting, and debilitating.

Symptoms usually begin 3–7 days after being bitten by an infected mosquito. The most common symptoms are fever and joint pain.

Other signs and symptoms may include fatigue, muscle pain, swollen joint, headache and rash.

Rash Due to Chikungunya

Wikimedia Commons
Wikimedia Commons | Source

People affected by the chikungunya fever would be unable to carry out normal activities for a long period, like they cannot lift or hold anything with hands, and also complain of joint pains.

— K Gopala Rathinam, Regional Entomologist, Tamil Nadu, India.

Treatment

There is no real treatment for chikungunya. Most people get better on their own and recover completely.

Doctors recommend rest and prescribe medicines (like acetaminophen (Tylenol®) or paracetamol) that reduce fever and pain. It is important to drink plenty of fluids.

Using the body’s own machinery to produce antibodies against chikungunya by using mRNA may be a powerful way to combat the virus.

— James Crowe Jr., MD, Director of the Vanderbilt Vaccine Center

Prevention

Currently, there is no vaccine to prevent chikungunya.

Keep proper hygiene around. Cover the nose while sneezing. Stay protected from mosquitoes. Use mosquito repellents.

Sporadic rain results in waterlogging in several places that turn into breeding grounds for Aedes aegypti and Aedes albopictus.

Stop water stagnation. Keep the skin covered as much as possible. Wear full sleeve clothes all the time.

In May 2019, researchers at Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis snapped high-resolution pictures of chikungunya virus latched onto a protein found on the surface of cells in the joints. This is an important milestone in chikungunya research.

Do you use mosquito net?

See results

This content is accurate and true to the best of the author’s knowledge and does not substitute for diagnosis, prognosis, treatment, prescription, and/or dietary advice from a licensed health professional. Drugs, supplements, and natural remedies may have dangerous side effects. If pregnant or nursing, consult with a qualified provider on an individual basis. Seek immediate help if you are experiencing a medical emergency.

© 2019 Srikanth R

Comments

    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment

    No comments yet.

    working

    This website uses cookies

    As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, hubpages.com uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

    For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at: https://hubpages.com/privacy-policy#gdpr

    Show Details
    Necessary
    HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
    LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
    Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
    AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
    Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
    CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the googleapis.com or gstatic.com domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
    Features
    Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
    Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
    Marketing
    Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
    Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
    Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
    Statistics
    Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
    ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)
    ClickscoThis is a data management platform studying reader behavior (Privacy Policy)