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Key Information About Coma

Updated on June 5, 2020
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Srikanth strongly believes that prevention is better than cure. He is of the opinion that awareness is a key to prevent diseases.

Coma is also known as persistent vegetative state. It is a profound state of unconsciousness.

The term ‘coma’, has its roots in the Greek word κῶμα, which means deep sleep. It was used in the Hippocratic corpus (Epidemica).

Most comas end with eye opening and regaining of consciousness; however, 10 percent of patients who open their eyes fail to regain consciousness.

A fully awake patient has a Glasgow Coma Score of 15. A person who is dead has a Glasgow Coma Scale of 3.

People may come out of a coma with physical, intellectual, and psychological problems. Some people may remain in a coma for years or even decades.

Richard Hanson, 66, who spent 35 days in a coma while being treated for coronavirus at King's Mill Hospital, in Sutton in Ashfield, returned home on June 4 2020.

He was also treated for pneumonia and kidney failure. He was in the hospital for 60 days.

Types

Toxic-metabolic encephalopathy
Anoxic brain injury
Persistent vegetative state
Locked-in syndrome
Brain death
Medically induced

Causes

Coma is usually caused by injury to the brain or the central nervous system. Hyperglycemia or hypoglycemia can result in coma.

Hypoxia, infection, toxins and drug overdose are other known causes of coma.

CT Scan Indicating Brain Injury

Wikimedia Commons
Wikimedia Commons | Source

Symptoms

Pupils not responding to light, lack of response to painful stimuli, closed eyes and lack of response of limbs are common symptoms of coma.

Ventilator

Wikimedia Commons
Wikimedia Commons | Source

Treatment

Coma is a medical emergency and needs immediate medical attention.

The goal of treatment is to prevent further physical and neurological damage.

Physical therapy may be administered to prevent bone, joint, or muscle deformities.

Respiration and circulation is monitored and maintained, using intubation and ventilation.

Surgery is performed in cases of haemorrhage. Antibiotics are used to treat infection.

Over time, with the help of therapists, many individuals who have been in coma have made good progress.

They may not be exactly like how they were before slipping into coma, but they are doing many things and enjoying life.

Prevention

One of the leading causes of coma is traffic accidents, so it is important to follow traffic and safety laws.

Eat healthy, natural food. Sleep for at least seven hours, during night hours. Do yoga daily. Never use tobacco products.

Avoid excessive consumption of alcoholic beverages. Maintain healthy blood sugar levels.

Do you take precautions while driving?

See results

Obey Traffic Rules

Source

Summary

  • Coma is a profound state of unconsciousness.
  • Hyperglycemia can cause coma.
  • Lackof response to painful stimuli is a symptom of coma.
  • Comais a medical emergency.
  • Manypeople who have been in coma have recovered and are leading normal life.

This content is accurate and true to the best of the author’s knowledge and does not substitute for diagnosis, prognosis, treatment, prescription, and/or dietary advice from a licensed health professional. Drugs, supplements, and natural remedies may have dangerous side effects. If pregnant or nursing, consult with a qualified provider on an individual basis. Seek immediate help if you are experiencing a medical emergency.

© 2020 Srikanth R

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