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Key Information About Depression

Updated on August 19, 2019
srirad0675 profile image

Srikanth is passionate about helping people improve their quality of life.

Overview

Depression is classified as a mood disorder. This serious mental health condition causes a persistent feeling of sadness and loss of interest.

Source

Types

 
Major Depression
Dysthymia
Postpartum Depression
Seasonal Affective Disorder (SAD)
Atypical Depression
Psychotic Depression
Bipolar Disorder
Premenstrual Dysphoric Disorder
Premenstrual Dysphoric Disorder

Causes

Depression is a complex mental illness. Nobody knows exactly what causes it, but it can occur for many reasons.

Many experts suspect that having parents or siblings with depression may be a risk factor.

People who have a tendency to worry a lot, have low self-esteem, are perfectionists, are sensitive to personal criticism, or are self-critical and negative may be more at risk of depression.

A history of drug or alcohol misuse increases the risk of this illness.

Some prescription drugs, like corticosteroids, some beta-blockers and interferon may cause depression.

A group of Danish researchers has shown that men who receive anti-hormonal treatment after a radical prostatectomy have an increased tendency to depression.

The anti-hormonal treatment is given to control the growth of tumour cells.... Unfortunately, we have found that it is also associated with depression.

— Dr. Anne Sofie Friberg, Rigshospitalet, Copenhagen
Source

Symptoms

A person affected by depression usually experiences anxiety, apathy, general discontent, guilt, hopelessness, loss of interest, mood swings and sadness.

Depression is more than just feeling sad. Everyone feels upset or unmotivated from time to time, but depression is more serious. It is a mood disorder characterized by prolonged feelings of sadness and loss of interest in daily activities. If these symptoms persist for a period of at least two weeks, it is considered a depressive episode.

— Dina Cagliostro, PhD

Complications

Depression is linked to many physical conditions. It enhances the risk of many chronic illnesses like type 2 diabetes.

Depressed people are at high risk of not only having heart disease but also of dying from it. It weakens the immune system.

Source

Hamilton Depression Rating Scale

The Hamilton depression rating scale has 21 questions with resulting scores describing the severity of depression.

It is one of the most widely used assessment instruments in the world for clinicians rating depression.

Treatment

It is not easy to live with depression. Appropriate treatment definitely helps in improving the quality of life. Talk to your GP about various options.

If you are experiencing moderate to severe depression your GP may prescribe antidepressant medication, along with psychological treatments.

Exercise is an excellent natural remedy for depression. It temporarily boosts feel-good chemicals known as endorphins.

Too much stress exacerbates depression and puts you at risk for future depression. Tools like Heartfulness relaxation technique are used to train people to deal with stress.

Psychological Treatments for Depression

 
Cognitive behaviour therapy (CBT)
Interpersonal Therapy (IPT)
Behaviour therapy
Mindfulness-based cognitive therapy (MBCT)

This content is accurate and true to the best of the author’s knowledge and does not substitute for diagnosis, prognosis, treatment, prescription, and/or dietary advice from a licensed health professional. Drugs, supplements, and natural remedies may have dangerous side effects. If pregnant or nursing, consult with a qualified provider on an individual basis. Seek immediate help if you are experiencing a medical emergency.

© 2019 Srikanth R

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    • srirad0675 profile imageAUTHOR

      Srikanth R 

      6 months ago

      True.

    • Eurofile profile image

      Liz Westwood 

      6 months ago from UK

      Depression is a debilitating illness. Sadly, in our 24/7 modern world, people are suffering from depression in increasing numbers.

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