ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

Key Information About Diabetes Mellitus

Updated on July 26, 2019
srirad0675 profile image

Srikanth is passionate about helping people improve their quality of life.

Overview

More commonly referred to as "diabetes", this disorder of carbohydrate metabolism is characterized by impaired ability of the body to produce or respond to insulin, and thereby maintain proper levels of sugar (glucose) in the blood.

Source

Types

Most common types of diabetes mellitus are:

  1. Type 1 diabetes
  2. Type 2 diabetes
  3. Gestational diabetes

Type 1 diabetes mellitus (DMT1) contributes to 10% of the total of cases of diabetes mellitus worldwide, mainly in young people and is regarded as a growing health risk.

Causes

Type 1 diabetes occurs when the immune system attacks and destroys the insulin-producing beta cells of the pancreas.

Experts are of the opinion that type 1 diabetes is caused by genes and environmental factors, like viruses.

Genetics and lifestyle are the most important causes among various causes of type 2 diabetes.

A combination of these factors can lead to insulin resistance, when the body does not use insulin as well as it has to.

Insulin resistance is the most common cause of type 2 diabetes; but there are cases of type 2 diabetes where the body simply does not produce enough insulin.

During pregnancy, placenta secretes hormones, which can result in a buildup of glucose in the woman's blood.

Usually, the pancreas can produce enough insulin to handle that. If not, blood sugar levels increase, leading to gestational diabetes.

Source

Symptoms

Frequent urination, increased thirst, dry mouth, itchy skin, dry skin, increased appetite, unexplained weight loss and yeast infections are some symptoms of type 1 diabetes.

Symptoms of type 2 diabetes include excessive thirst, passing more urine, tiredness, lethargy, slow-healing wounds, itching, skin infections and blurred vision.

Complications

Diabetes carries a risk of long-term complications, including heart disease, blindness, and kidney failure.

Type 1 diabetes was associated with a 47% increased risk of heart failure in women compared with men, and type 2 diabetes was associated with a 9% increased risk, according to the paper, published in the journal Diabetologia on July 18.

Type 2 diabetes requires constant monitoring and management. Failing to adhere to the prescribed lifestyle plan can lead to a number of life-threatening health complications such as heart disease and stroke.

Treatment

Diabetes can't be cured. The goal of diabetes treatment is to control blood sugar through diet, oral medication or insulin (discovered 97 years ago).

You can take insulin a number of ways. Common options include a needle and syringe, insulin pen, or insulin pump.

Generally, metformin is the first medication prescribed for type 2 diabetes. It works by lowering glucose production in the liver and improving your body's sensitivity to insulin so that your body uses insulin more effectively.

Source

My best piece of advice would be it’s important for diabetics to empower themselves.

You can’t be a backseat driver with your diabetes. Just doing what your doctor says and showing up at your next visit isn’t enough.

Technically, I’m your consultant. I’m not going home with you and making sure you’re doing all the things we discuss, like eating right, checking your blood sugar, taking your insulin, etc.

You make the decisions to treat yourself when you are empowered.

— Dr. Scott Soleimanpour, endocrinologist

Prevention

Type 1 diabetes can't be prevented. There's no reliable way to predict who will get type 1 diabetes.

Yoga and balanced diet reduce the risk of type 2 diabetes. Stir fry, broil, or bake with non-stick spray or low-salt broth. Cook with less oil and butter.

"Prevention needs to start as early as possible (with the pediatrician). The doctor’s role in prevention is to encourage patients to eat healthier, to exercise, to not smoke (which is a risk factor for diabetes!), and to try to decrease stress levels in their lives.

The key is to help the patient do this is in a realistic and concrete way, and not just make blanket recommendations.

Let’s think how you, patient X, can fit exercise into your busy schedule and try to help the patient come up with a plan.

Placing blame on the patient is a mistake many doctors make. Rather than telling patients they’re wrong, I try to give them the tools to make good decisions about their health.

Guilt is not a motivator. And we tend to overlook baby steps. It’s not realistic to tell a patient to change their entire diet overnight.

But asking a patient to cut out one thing, sodas, for example, can make a big impact on overall health" says endocrinologist and diabetes specialist, Dr. Mariela Glandt.

Teplizumab (also known as PRV-031; formerly also known as MGA031 and hOKT3γ1(Ala-Ala)) is a humanized anti-CD3 monoclonal antibody.

Teplizumab was found to reduce T1D diagnosis in at-risk patients by 59% versus placebo—as well as delay diagnoses by as long as 2 years—in new phase 2 trial data presented at the American Diabetes Association (ADA) 2019 Scientific Sessions in San Francisco, CA, in June 2019.

Stair Exercise

This simple exercise, which involves continuous repetitions of climbing to a second floor at a rate of 80-110 steps/min followed by walking down slowly to the first floor, can reduce blood glucose levels.

This content is accurate and true to the best of the author’s knowledge and does not substitute for diagnosis, prognosis, treatment, prescription, and/or dietary advice from a licensed health professional. Drugs, supplements, and natural remedies may have dangerous side effects. If pregnant or nursing, consult with a qualified provider on an individual basis. Seek immediate help if you are experiencing a medical emergency.

© 2019 Srikanth R

Comments

    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment

    No comments yet.

    working

    This website uses cookies

    As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, hubpages.com uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

    For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at: https://hubpages.com/privacy-policy#gdpr

    Show Details
    Necessary
    HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
    LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
    Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
    AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
    Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
    CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the googleapis.com or gstatic.com domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
    Features
    Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
    Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
    Marketing
    Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
    Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
    Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
    Statistics
    Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
    ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)
    ClickscoThis is a data management platform studying reader behavior (Privacy Policy)