ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

Key Information About Dysmenorrhea

Updated on November 1, 2021
srirad0675 profile image

Srikanth is passionate about helping people stay healthy. He believes that awareness is a key to good health.

Also known as menstrual cramps, dysmenorrhea is uterine pain around the time of menses.

Worldwide, prevalence of this condition ranges between 15.8 and 89.5 percent, with higher prevalence rates reported in the adolescent population.

Dysmenorrhea is the most common gynecologic complaint and a leading cause of missing school or work among female adolescents and young adults.

Dysmenorrhea Is More Prevalent Among Adolescents



Primary dysmenorrhea (menstrual pain without organic disease)
Secondary dysmenorrhea (menstrual pain associated with underlying pelvic pathology)


Dysmenorrhea is caused by prostaglandin, a physiologically active lipid compound. Menstrual cramps occur due to contractions in the uterus.

If contractions are severe during the menstrual cycle, it can press against nearby blood vessels.

This briefly stops oxygen supply to the uterus, thereby leading to pain and cramps.

The most common cause of secondary dysmenorrhea is endometriosis.

"The cause of dysmenorrhea depends on whether the condition is primary or secondary. With primary dysmenorrheal, women experience abnormal uterine contractions due to chemical imbalance in the body. Secondary dysmenorrhea is caused by other medical conditions," said Dr. Neelam Suri, Senior Consultant of Gynecology at Indraprastha Apollo Hospital, Delhi.


Pain in the lower abdomen, fatigue, vomiting, pain that radiates down the legs, cramping in the lower abdomen, low back pain, nausea and diarrhea are some symptoms of dysmenorrhea.

Low Back Pain Is a Symptom of Dysmenorrhea

Wikimedia Commons
Wikimedia Commons | Source


Doctors usually review the medical history, including symptoms and menstrual cycles. Pelvic exam, ultrasound exam or laparoscopy may be used to diagnose this condition.


Doctors use ibuprofen to treat bleeding and cramping. Place heating pad or hot water bottle on the lower back or abdomen. Yoga asanas like Supta Baddha Konasana help ease menstrual pain.

Ginger eases menstrual cramps by lowering the levels of pain-causing prostaglandins.

"Many adolescents use birth control to manage their menstrual cramps even though they are not sexually active. Hormonal contraceptives include pill, patch, vaginal ring, injection, implant or intrauterine device," said Rachael L. Polis, a pediatric and adolescent gynecologist at Crozer-Keystone Health System.

According to a research study in the Obstetrics & Gynecology journal, sequential medical and surgical management strategies compared to surgery alone are cost-effective for endometriosis-related dysmenorrhea.

Supta Baddha Konasana Eases Menstrual Pain


Do not use tobacco products. Epidemiological studies indicate that obese or overweight individuals are more at risk for dysmenorrhea; so take appropriate steps to prevent weight gain.

Smoking Worsens Menstrual Pain


This content is accurate and true to the best of the author’s knowledge and does not substitute for diagnosis, prognosis, treatment, prescription, and/or dietary advice from a licensed health professional. Drugs, supplements, and natural remedies may have dangerous side effects. If pregnant or nursing, consult with a qualified provider on an individual basis. Seek immediate help if you are experiencing a medical emergency.

© 2020 Srikanth R


This website uses cookies

As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at:

Show Details
HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the or domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)
ClickscoThis is a data management platform studying reader behavior (Privacy Policy)