Key Information About Epilepsy
Epilepsy is a chronic noncommunicable disorder of the brain that affects people of all ages. More than 50 million people worldwide are affected by this condition.
Types of Epileptic Seizures
Causes of epilepsy vary by age of the individual. Head trauma due to a road accident or other traumatic injury can cause this disorder.
Low oxygen during birth, brain tumor, genetic conditions that damage the brain (like tuberous sclerosis), abnormal levels of substances like blood sugar and sodium, infections like encephalitis, and stroke can cause epilepsy.
Epilepsy is caused by a brief and unprovoked disturbance in the electrical activity in the brain.
Symptoms of epilepsy can vary in severity. Temporary confusion, fainting, repeated, unusual movements (like head nodding or rapid blinking), loss of bowel control, sudden stomach pain followed by sleepiness and loss of bladder control are some symptoms of epilepsy.
Treatment for epilepsy may include medication, implants and surgery.
Dilantin or Phenytek, Phenobarbital, Tegretol or Carbatrol, Mysoline, Zarontin, Depakene, Depakote, Depakote ER, Valium, Tranxene, Klonopin, Felbatol, Gabitril, Keppra, Lamictal, Neurontin, Topamax, Trileptal and Zonegran are some medicines used to treat this condition.
Approximately 60-65 percent of patients with epilepsy become seizure free with antiepileptic drug treatment. The remaining 30 percent are resistant to medications.
Surgery offers relief when medicines either cannot control seizures or cause unmanageable side effects. Low-carb, high-fat diets are effective against epilepsy.
'Keto' Diet has traditionally been used to treat children with epilepsy. It shifts the body from a carb-burning one into a fat-burning one.
This process is known as ketosis, which produces ketone bodies. Ketones act on the brain to prevent seizures.
It has been shown to control episodes in almost a third of epileptic children, according to Boston Children’s Hospital’s Epilepsy Center.
Do you take safety precautions while driving?
Sleep well during night hours. It is advisable to set a regular sleep schedule, and to stick to it. Say no to illegal drugs.
Avoid excessive consumption of alcoholic beverages. Take adequate steps to prevent traumatic brain injuries.
Use safety belts, child passenger seats, airbags, bicycle helmets, and motorcycle helmets to reduce motor vehicle and traffic injuries. Watch your next step, always.
Cassidy Megan created the idea of Purple Day in 2008, motivated by her own struggles with epilepsy.
It is an international grassroots effort dedicated to increasing awareness about epilepsy worldwide. It falls on March 26 each year.
A research study conducted at France’s University of Rennes has found that humans emit a distinct odor during epileptic seizures, and that some dogs can be trained to recognize the smell.
This content is accurate and true to the best of the author’s knowledge and does not substitute for diagnosis, prognosis, treatment, prescription, and/or dietary advice from a licensed health professional. Drugs, supplements, and natural remedies may have dangerous side effects. If pregnant or nursing, consult with a qualified provider on an individual basis. Seek immediate help if you are experiencing a medical emergency.
© 2019 Srikanth R