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Key Information About Epilepsy

Updated on January 10, 2020
srirad0675 profile image

Srikanth is passionate about helping people improve their quality of life.


Epilepsy is a chronic noncommunicable disorder of the brain that affects people of all ages. More than 50 million people worldwide are affected by this condition.


Types of Epileptic Seizures

Focal seizures
Tonic-clonic seizures
Absence seizures
Myoclonic seizures
Tonic seizures
Atonic seizures


Causes of epilepsy vary by age of the individual. Head trauma due to a road accident or other traumatic injury can cause this disorder.

Low oxygen during birth, brain tumor, genetic conditions that damage the brain (like tuberous sclerosis), abnormal levels of substances like blood sugar and sodium, infections like encephalitis, and stroke can cause epilepsy.


Epilepsy is caused by a brief and unprovoked disturbance in the electrical activity in the brain.


Symptoms of epilepsy can vary in severity. Temporary confusion, fainting, repeated, unusual movements (like head nodding or rapid blinking), loss of bowel control, sudden stomach pain followed by sleepiness and loss of bladder control are some symptoms of epilepsy.


Treatment for epilepsy may include medication, implants and surgery.

Dilantin or Phenytek, Phenobarbital, Tegretol or Carbatrol, Mysoline, Zarontin, Depakene, Depakote, Depakote ER, Valium, Tranxene, Klonopin, Felbatol, Gabitril, Keppra, Lamictal, Neurontin, Topamax, Trileptal and Zonegran are some medicines used to treat this condition.

A study conducted by British researchers supports the notion that pregabalin (Lyrica), a drug used to control epilepsy, could make some young people more prone to suicide. Do not use this medicine.

Approximately 60-65 percent of patients with epilepsy become seizure free with antiepileptic drug treatment. The remaining 30 percent are resistant to medications.

Surgery offers relief when medicines either cannot control seizures or cause unmanageable side effects. Low-carb, high-fat diets are effective against epilepsy.

'Keto' Diet has traditionally been used to treat children with epilepsy. It shifts the body from a carb-burning one into a fat-burning one.

This process is known as ketosis, which produces ketone bodies. Ketones act on the brain to prevent seizures.

It has been shown to control episodes in almost a third of epileptic children, according to Boston Children’s Hospital’s Epilepsy Center.

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Sleep well during night hours. It is advisable to set a regular sleep schedule, and to stick to it. Say no to illegal drugs.

Avoid excessive consumption of alcoholic beverages. Take adequate steps to prevent traumatic brain injuries.

Use safety belts, child passenger seats, airbags, bicycle helmets, and motorcycle helmets to reduce motor vehicle and traffic injuries. Watch your next step, always.


Purple Day

Cassidy Megan created the idea of Purple Day in 2008, motivated by her own struggles with epilepsy.

It is an international grassroots effort dedicated to increasing awareness about epilepsy worldwide. It falls on March 26 each year.

A research study conducted at France’s University of Rennes has found that humans emit a distinct odor during epileptic seizures, and that some dogs can be trained to recognize the smell.

This content is accurate and true to the best of the author’s knowledge and does not substitute for diagnosis, prognosis, treatment, prescription, and/or dietary advice from a licensed health professional. Drugs, supplements, and natural remedies may have dangerous side effects. If pregnant or nursing, consult with a qualified provider on an individual basis. Seek immediate help if you are experiencing a medical emergency.

© 2019 Srikanth R


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    • srirad0675 profile imageAUTHOR

      Srikanth R 

      18 months ago

      Sorry to hear that.

    • Eurofile profile image

      Liz Westwood 

      18 months ago from UK

      I have friends with varying degrees of epilepsy. Sadly one died at a young age. As we go through the uncertain times of Brexit another friend fears for her daughter's supply of medication.


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