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Key Information About Hypothyroidism

Updated on July 12, 2021
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Srikanth strongly believes that prevention is better than cure. He is of the opinion that awareness is a key to prevent diseases.

Hypothyroidism is a condition in which thyroid gland is not making enough thyroid hormones. It also means underactive thyroid.

An Infant With Hypothyroidism

Wikimedia Commons
Wikimedia Commons | Source

Causes

Around 80 percent of hypothyroidism is caused by autoimmune disease, and autoimmune diseases are more common in women.

Surgical removal of thyroid, congenital thyroid agenesis, destruction of the thyroid by radioactive iodine, and medicines like amiodarone are other causes of this condition.

Symptoms

The signs and symptoms of hypothyroidism vary from person to person. Tiredness, diarrhea, weight gain, dry skin, constipation, pain in joints, irregular heart rate, enlarged thyroid gland, irregular menstruation, depression, hair loss, insomnia, heat intolerance, hand tremor and weak muscles are some symptoms of this condition.

Wikimedia Commons
Wikimedia Commons | Source

Hypothyroidism is a very common disease. Thus, it is not uncommon that hypothyroid patients have an associated (yet unidentified) condition that can also contribute to the symptoms. These can include anemia, menopausal syndrome, another autoimmune disease, etc.

— Antonio Bianco, MD, PhD

Treatment

Permanent hypothyroidism can be effectively treated, though not cured. One common treatment is levothyroxine, a man-made version of the thyroid hormone thyroxine.

Prevention

It is not possible to prevent hypothyroidism. Individuals at higher risk of thyroid related problems, like women during pregnancy, should check with their physician about the need for additional iodine.

Include leafy vegetables (especially from the family Brassicaceae) such as broccoli, brussels sprouts, bok choy, kale, cauliflower and turnip. They inhibit the uptake and use of iodine properly.

Hypothyroidism Is Widely Prevalent in Pregnant Women

Source

Summary

  • Hypothyroidism is characterized by the thyroid gland not producing enough thyroid hormones.
  • Approximately 80 percent of this condition is caused by autoimmune disease.
  • Fatigue is a symptom of hypothyroidism.
  • This condition cannot be cured.
  • It is not possible to prevent hypothyroidism.

Are you getting enough iodine?

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This content is accurate and true to the best of the author’s knowledge and does not substitute for diagnosis, prognosis, treatment, prescription, and/or dietary advice from a licensed health professional. Drugs, supplements, and natural remedies may have dangerous side effects. If pregnant or nursing, consult with a qualified provider on an individual basis. Seek immediate help if you are experiencing a medical emergency.

© 2020 Srikanth R

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