ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

Key Information About Myocardial Infarction

Updated on March 20, 2019
srirad0675 profile image

Srikanth is passionate about helping people improve their quality of life.

Overview

Commonly called heart attack, myocardial infarction occurs when blood flow to the heart muscle is abruptly cut off, causing tissue damage.

"Myo" means muscle, "cardial" refers to the heart, and "infarction" means death of tissue due to lack of blood supply.

Source

Types

Three types of myocardial infarction are:

  • ST segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI)
  • Non-ST segment elevation myocardial infarction (NSTEMI)
  • Coronary spasm, or unstable angina

Causes

Myocardial infarction occurs when one of the heart's coronary arteries is blocked suddenly or has extremely slow blood flow, resulting in tissue damage.

Many factors, including bad cholesterol (low-density lipoprotein), saturated fats (found mostly in meat and dairy products) and trans fat (found in many processed foods), lead to a blockage in the coronary arteries.

Acute coronary syndrome associated with typical CAD is, by far, the most common cause of myocardial infarction.

Mild depression was a long-term independent predictor of death in patients after acute myocardial infarction (AMI), per cohort study data published in Heart, Lung and Circulation.

— Cardiology Advisor

Symptoms

Sweating, nausea, vomit, dizziness, extreme weakness, shortness of breath, rapid heartbeats, irregular heartbeats, discomfort, pressure, heaviness, or pain in the chest, arm, or below the breastbone, discomfort radiating to the back, jaw, throat, or arm, fullness, indigestion and choking feeling are some known symptoms of myocardial infarction.

Symptoms generally last for around half an hour or more. Diabetics may have a heart attack without symptoms.

Treatment

Myocardial infarction can be fatal, but treatment has improved dramatically over the years.

It depends on severity and ranges from lifestyle changes and cardiac rehabilitation to medication, stents and bypass surgery.

As a general rule, initial therapy for acute MI is directed toward restoration of perfusion as soon as possible to salvage as much of the jeopardized myocardium as possible.

This is usually accomplished through medical or mechanical means, like PCI, or CABG surgery.

Medications given right after the start of a heart attack may include aspirin, thrombolytic therapy, heparin and other antiplatelet drugs.

Prevention

Maintain a healthy weight. Adhere to a heart-healthy diet. Do not smoke. Exercise regularly. Manage stress.

Control conditions that can result in heart attack, such as high blood pressure, high cholesterol and diabetes.

Blueberries Are Good for the Heart

Source

Heart-Healthy Foods

 
Almonds
Walnuts
Blueberries
Strawberries
Cranberries
Raspberries
Flaxseeds
Oatmeal
Kidney beans
Black beans
Tofu
Carrots
Sweet potatoes
Red peppers
Spinach
Oranges
Cantaloupes
Papaya
Asparagus
Tomatoes
Dark chocolate
Broccoli

This content is accurate and true to the best of the author’s knowledge and does not substitute for diagnosis, prognosis, treatment, prescription, and/or dietary advice from a licensed health professional. Drugs, supplements, and natural remedies may have dangerous side effects. If pregnant or nursing, consult with a qualified provider on an individual basis. Seek immediate help if you are experiencing a medical emergency.

© 2019 Srikanth R

Comments

    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment
    • srirad0675 profile imageAUTHOR

      Srikanth R 

      2 months ago

      Thank you.

    • Eurofile profile image

      Liz Westwood 

      2 months ago from UK

      That's a very helpful list of food you have in this article. Many of them I was unaware of their heart health properties.

    working

    This website uses cookies

    As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, hubpages.com uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

    For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at: https://hubpages.com/privacy-policy#gdpr

    Show Details
    Necessary
    HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
    LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
    Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
    AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
    Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
    CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the googleapis.com or gstatic.com domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
    Features
    Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
    Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
    Marketing
    Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
    Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
    Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
    Statistics
    Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
    ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)
    ClickscoThis is a data management platform studying reader behavior (Privacy Policy)