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Key Information About Obesity

Updated on June 26, 2020
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Srikanth is passionate about helping people improve their quality of life.

Obesity is defined as excessive fat accumulation that may have a negative impact on health. Worldwide obesity has nearly tripled since 1975.

Source

Causes

Eating too much, high-carb diet, sedentary lifestyle and heredity are the main causes of obesity.

Some medicines like thiazolidinediones and carbamazepine are associated with weight gain.

In some people, emotions like sadness or boredom may lead to excessive eating, thereby resulting in weight gain. Conditions like Cushing's syndrome can cause obesity.

Among the lifestyle habits that influence the risk of overweight and obesity in children, watching television is the worst, suggests a research study led by Rowaedh Bawaked, researcher at the Hospital del Mar Medical Research Institute in Spain.

A study conducted by the University of South California’s Department of Preventive Medicine in 2019 revealed that maternal sugar intake during pregnancy may impact neonatal and childhood metabolism, taste perception and obesity risk.

Air pollution, smoking, and certain characteristics of the built environment--such as high population density-- may play a role in the development of obesity in children, according to a recent study.

Symptoms

People whose body mass index (BMI) is 30 or higher are considered to be obese. BMI is a measure which takes into account an individual's weight and height to gauge total body fat in adults.

Fatigue, breathlessness, snoring, back pain, perspiration and joint pain are some symptoms of obesity.

A research study using MRI scans suggests that along with weight gain, obesity can trigger inflammation throughout the body and the nervous system that could lead to damage in the brain.

The study found signs of damage in the brains of teenagers with obesity.

The results of this study were reported on November 24 2019 at the annual meeting of the Radiological Society of North America.

BMI

Wikimedia Commons
Wikimedia Commons | Source

Complications

Wikimedia Commons
Wikimedia Commons | Source

Treatment

Bariatric surgery is an effective treatment for obesity. It involves sealing off most of the stomach to reduce the quantity of food the person can consume. It helps morbidly obese people to lose weight and maintain that weight loss.

Scientists in the USA have detected new genetic clues about hibernation, which may lead to better understanding and treatment of obesity and metabolic disorders.

The study published on 26.11.2019 in the journal Cell Reports indicated that hibernators may have evolved ways to "turn off" specific genetic elements controlling the activity of obesity genes compared to mammals that do not hibernate.

Prevention

It is important to do everything to prevent obesity because it increases the risk of various harmful diseases.

In December 2019, a team of research scientists from Indiana University in the US found that longer and sustained exposure to obesity is linked to an increased risk of type 2 diabetes. The findings of the study were published in the journal Diabetologia.

Eating less is the most popular weight-loss strategy. Reducing calorie intake is key to weight loss.

Labelling food and drink with how much exercise would be needed to burn off its calorific content might be an effective way of encouraging people to make healthier dietary choices, a study suggested.

Avoid processed foods. Eat five to nine servings of fruits and vegetables daily. Include foods rich in dietary fiber in your diet.

Do yoga daily. Yoga asanas (postures) like Pawanmuktasana, Gomukhasana and Paschimottanasana prevent obesity effectively.

Gomukhasana

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This content is accurate and true to the best of the author’s knowledge and does not substitute for diagnosis, prognosis, treatment, prescription, and/or dietary advice from a licensed health professional. Drugs, supplements, and natural remedies may have dangerous side effects. If pregnant or nursing, consult with a qualified provider on an individual basis. Seek immediate help if you are experiencing a medical emergency.

© 2019 Srikanth R

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