ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

Key Information About Parkinson's Disease

Updated on June 8, 2019
srirad0675 profile image

Srikanth is passionate about helping people improve their quality of life.

Overview

Parkinson’s disease (PD) affects the nerve cells in the brain that produce dopamine. It is the second most common age-related neurodegenerative disorder after Alzheimer’s disease.

Across the world, more than 10 million people live with Parkinson's disease. Even though it is so prevalent, scientists are still unsure what causes it. Doctors only prescribe symptomatic treatments for the management of this condition.

Nerve Cell

Source

An estimated seven to 10 million people worldwide have Parkinson’s disease.

Causes

Parkinson's disease is caused by loss of nerve cells in part of the brain known as 'substantia nigra'.

When these vital cells begin to deteriorate, it causes a reduction of dopamine – a chemical that plays a key role in controlling and coordinating movement in the body.

This damage can lead to telltale tremors that people most typically associate with the disease, where the hands, arms, legs, lips, jaw or tongue become shaky when they are not in use.

The exact reason that causes deterioration of nerve cells is unknown, although research points to a combination of genetic and environmental factors. This disease is more prevalent in men aged over 50.

Source

Alpha-synuclein, a protein, accumulates in the brains of people with Parkinson’s disease.

Symptoms

It can be hard to tell if you or a loved one has PD. The primary symptoms are all related to voluntary and involuntary motor function and usually start on one side of the body. Symptoms are mild at first and will progress over time.

Loss of sense of smell, restless nights, muscle stiffness, constipation, anxiety and depression could be early signs of this condition.

One often overlooked early sign is a loss of smell. Research conducted by the University of Auckland identified an anatomical link for the loss of smell in Parkinson’s disease.

The diagnosis of Parkinson’s disease is challenging before patients develop motor symptoms such as tremor or other movement abnormalities.... By this time, significant neurological damage has occurred. Usually this is irreversible.

— Sarah F. Hamm-Alvarez, PhD.

Treatment

Medicines prescribed for Parkinson's include:

  • drugs that increase the level of dopamine in the brain,
  • drugs that affect other brain chemicals in the body,
  • drugs that help control non-motor symptoms.

Combination of these medicines help patients curb the uncontrollable tremors, muscle stiffness and balance problems temporarily.

Once-daily treatment of opicapone, added to levodopa, has been found to increase the length of ON-periods in patients with Parkinson's disease.

Goal-oriented physical activity/exercise can lead to significant improvement in the ability to walk, and in the dexterity of hands/fingers.

Prevention

Eat fresh vegetables. Go organic. Include foods containing omega-3 fatty acids in your diet. Consume raw vegetables. Meditate daily.

Ensure that you are getting enough vitamin D3. Drink green tea. Do yoga daily. Include foods that contain CoQ10 in your diet. Spinach, broccoli and cauliflower are rich in this antioxidant.

Ensure that stress does not have negative effect on your body and mind. Heartfulness way of life helps you in this endeavor.

Famous People With Parkinson’s Disease

 
 
 
Muhammad Ali
Johnny Cash
Michael J. Fox
Estelle Getty
Billy Graham
Pauline Kael
Deborah Kerr
Janet Reno
Pope John Paul II
 Wikimedia Commons
Wikimedia Commons | Source

Are you consciously taking steps to protect yourself and your loved ones from Parkinson's disease?

See results

World Parkinson Congress

World Parkinson Congress (WPC) is a global Parkinson’s event that opens its doors to all members of the Parkinson’s community, from neurologists and researchers to those living with the disease.

Myths

 
Parkinson's disease is a disease of older people.
There is not much that can be done to help a person with Parkinson's disease.
Parkinson's disease is highly genetic.

This content is accurate and true to the best of the author’s knowledge and does not substitute for diagnosis, prognosis, treatment, prescription, and/or dietary advice from a licensed health professional. Drugs, supplements, and natural remedies may have dangerous side effects. If pregnant or nursing, consult with a qualified provider on an individual basis. Seek immediate help if you are experiencing a medical emergency.

© 2019 Srikanth R

Comments

    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment

    No comments yet.

    working

    This website uses cookies

    As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, hubpages.com uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

    For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at: https://hubpages.com/privacy-policy#gdpr

    Show Details
    Necessary
    HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
    LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
    Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
    AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
    Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
    CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the googleapis.com or gstatic.com domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
    Features
    Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
    Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
    Marketing
    Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
    Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
    Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
    Statistics
    Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
    ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)
    ClickscoThis is a data management platform studying reader behavior (Privacy Policy)