ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

Key Information About Postpartum Depression

Updated on July 15, 2019
srirad0675 profile image

Srikanth is passionate about helping people improve their quality of life.

Many women have feelings of sadness after childbirth, ranging from brief, mild baby blues to the longer-lasting, deeper depression known as postpartum depression. The suffering is sometimes so acute they commit suicide.

Postpartum depression (PPD) is linked to chemical, social, and psychological changes associated with having a baby.

Any new mother can be at risk of postpartum depression, according to the American Psychiatric Association.

Global prevalence of this depression has been estimated as 100‒150 per 1000 births. It can begin anytime within the first year after childbirth.

Wikimedia Commons
Wikimedia Commons | Source

Postpartum depression can negatively affect the newborn child.

Wikimedia Commons
Wikimedia Commons | Source

Causes

Postpartum depression is a complication of giving birth. There is no single reason why some new mothers develop this mental health illness and others do not, but many interrelated causes contribute to the problem.

After childbirth, a dramatic drop in hormones (estrogen and progesterone) in your body may contribute to this condition.

An individual is more likely to develop postpartum depression if he or she had a mood disorder in the past or if mood disorders run in the family.

Symptoms

Baby blues usually go away in three to five days after they start. The symptoms of postpartum depression last longer (more than two weeks) and are more severe.

Symptoms of PPD include:

  • Feeling down or depressed for most of the day for several weeks or more.
  • Feeling distant and withdrawn from family and friends.
  • A loss of interest in activities.
  • Feeling sad, hopeless, and/or overwhelmed.
  • Frequent crying or tearfulness.
  • Trouble sleeping and eating.
  • Feelings of guilt and worthlessness.
  • Tendency to hurt self and baby.
  • Feeling restless, anxious or irritable.

Very rarely, new mothers develop something even more serious. They may have hallucinations.

I think the science is trying to catch up with what women are feeling, but women themselves are saying yea this is presenting.

The tricky thing now is we are having more and more women presenting with depression in pregnancy and also with delayed PPD.

— Sarah Hillbert-West, a Registered Midwife.

Treatment

Postpartum depression is not the woman's fault. It is a medical condition that needs treatment to get better.

Interpersonal psychotherapy is the best validated treatment for postpartum depression and should be considered first-line treatment, especially for depressed breastfeeding women.

Cognitive behavioral therapy helps the mother recognize and change her negative thoughts and behaviors.

Medications known as antidepressants are used to treat PPD. There are many different classes and types of antidepressants, and each work a little differently.

Prozac, Zoloft, Celexa, Citalopram and Sertraline are some medicines used to treat this mental illness.

FDA approved brexanolone, an analog of the endogenous human hormone allopregnanolone and the first drug specifically designed to treat postpartum depression.

Prevention

Intensive nursing intervention in the form of visits to new mothers by a nurse can help prevent the development of postpartum depression.

If someone has a history of depression at any time in her life or if she is taking an antidepressant, she has to tell her doctor early in her prenatal care; ideally, before she becomes pregnant. The doctor may begin treatment right after child birth to prevent PPD.

Source

Doctors can detect the most vulnerable women early and prevent the illness before it strikes.

— Zachary Stowe, M.D., Emory University, Atlanta.

Are you a parent?

See results

This content is accurate and true to the best of the author’s knowledge and does not substitute for diagnosis, prognosis, treatment, prescription, and/or dietary advice from a licensed health professional. Drugs, supplements, and natural remedies may have dangerous side effects. If pregnant or nursing, consult with a qualified provider on an individual basis. Seek immediate help if you are experiencing a medical emergency.

© 2019 Srikanth R

Comments

    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment
    • srirad0675 profile imageAUTHOR

      Srikanth R 

      4 months ago

      You are most welcome.

    • Lorna Lamon profile image

      Lorna Lamon 

      4 months ago

      Great article. This is a serious condition and I have treated women with this condition. Most importantly is an early diagnosis and the right treatment. Thank you for sharing.

    working

    This website uses cookies

    As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, hubpages.com uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

    For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at: https://hubpages.com/privacy-policy#gdpr

    Show Details
    Necessary
    HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
    LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
    Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
    AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
    Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
    CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the googleapis.com or gstatic.com domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
    Features
    Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
    Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
    Marketing
    Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
    Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
    Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
    Statistics
    Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
    ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)
    ClickscoThis is a data management platform studying reader behavior (Privacy Policy)