ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

Key Information About Skin Cancer

Updated on May 21, 2019
srirad0675 profile image

Srikanth is passionate about helping people improve their quality of life.

Overview

Skin cancer occurs when the body does not repair damage to the DNA inside skin cells, allowing the cells to divide and grow uncontrollably.

The incidence of both non-melanoma and melanoma skin cancers has been increasing over the past decades.

Currently, between 2 and 3 million non-melanoma skin cancers and 132,000 melanoma skin cancers occur globally each year. One in every three cancers diagnosed is a skin cancer.

Wikimedia Commons
Wikimedia Commons | Source

Skin cancer is the most common type of cancer among light skinned individuals. It is the commonest cancer in the United States and in Australia. Each year, about one million people are diagnosed with this cancer. In 85 percent of these cases, the skin damage leading to the cancer occurs before an individual is 18.

— Ananya Mandal, MD

Types

 
Actinic Keratoses (AK)
Basal cell carcinoma (BCC)
Squamous cell carcinoma (SCC)
Melanoma

Melanoma is the most deadly type of skin cancer, and we think unfortunately rates are still going up due to high levels of unprotected skin exposure and people are still using tanning beds.

— Dr. Elizabeth Hale, Dermatologist, Senior Vice President of the Skin Cancer Foundation.

Causes

People with a family history of skin cancer are generally at a higher risk of developing the disease.

People with fair skin and a northern European heritage appear to be most susceptible.

You may develop skin cancer later in life, if you:

  • had severe sunburn or blistering as a child
  • have been exposed to sunlight all your life
  • use tanning beds or sunbeds
  • have a history of severe skin damage, e.g. burnt skin
  • have a history of moles on your skin
  • have been exposed to certain chemicals like coal tar, soot, petrol products, etc
  • have had radiotherapy in the past
  • have a weak immune system from taking certain medications that suppress your system.
  • have a rare inherited condition like albinism or xeroderma pigmentosa.

Symptoms

Symptoms of skin cancer are: small lumps or scar-like changes on the skin which do not heal; small, often painless, sore with raised borders (ulcer) on the skin; a patch of scaly eczema; a sore that will not heal or that develops into a tumour; an existing mole which begins to change colour, increase in size or bleed; the mole may itch, with sores or reddening in the surrounding area; and a new mole develops with ragged edges and uneven colours, varying from brown or black to blue or orange.


May is skin cancer awareness month.

Treatment

Treatment depends on the location, type, and severity of the disease. Commonly used treatments are: chemotherapy; removal of affected cells or tissues through surgery; immunotherapy; killing or freezing cancer cells in liquid nitrogen; and application of ointments or creams on scars and patches.


Source

Prevention

Foods that are rich in beta-carotene (like carrots, mangoes, kale, sweet potatoes, and squash), lutein (like collard greens, spinach, and kale), lycopene (like watermelon, guava, apricots, and tomatoes), selenium (like Brazil nuts, meats, and breads), vitamin A (like sweet potatoes, egg yolks, and some dairy products), vitamin C (like fruits, berries, cereals, and fish), and vitamin E (like nuts and oils) reduce the risk of skin cancer.

Another way to protect yourself from skin cancer is by protecting your skin from getting too much of the sun's ultraviolet light.

It's especially important to avoid getting sunburned, as this increases the risk of melanoma.

Using sunscreen and wearing protective clothing, including a hat with a brim, are good ways to do this.

Source

Are you taking adequate steps to protect yourself and your loved ones from skin cancer?

See results

This content is accurate and true to the best of the author’s knowledge and does not substitute for diagnosis, prognosis, treatment, prescription, and/or dietary advice from a licensed health professional. Drugs, supplements, and natural remedies may have dangerous side effects. If pregnant or nursing, consult with a qualified provider on an individual basis. Seek immediate help if you are experiencing a medical emergency.

© 2019 Srikanth R

Comments

    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment
    • srirad0675 profile imageAUTHOR

      Srikanth R 

      6 weeks ago

      True; awareness has improved.

    • Eurofile profile image

      Liz Westwood 

      6 weeks ago from UK

      Awareness of the dangers of sun exposure has improved in recent years. I cringe when I see the sight of burned bodies in a holiday resort.

    working

    This website uses cookies

    As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, hubpages.com uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

    For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at: https://hubpages.com/privacy-policy#gdpr

    Show Details
    Necessary
    HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
    LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
    Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
    AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
    Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
    CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the googleapis.com or gstatic.com domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
    Features
    Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
    Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
    Marketing
    Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
    Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
    Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
    Statistics
    Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
    ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)
    ClickscoThis is a data management platform studying reader behavior (Privacy Policy)