ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

Knee Pain: What Causes it and How to Ease the Pain

Updated on June 8, 2012
Your physician may need to do an x-ray to determine the extent of your knee injury.
Your physician may need to do an x-ray to determine the extent of your knee injury.

The knee joint is the most complex joint in the body. It is comprised of three smaller joints, one where the patella (knee cap) meets the femur, one where the patella meets the tibiofibular joint and one where the femur and tibiofibular joint meets. Surrounding these joints is a slew of tendons, ligaments and muscles that aid in supporting the joint. Inside the joints are bursa and a fluid-filled synovial cavity. The knee joint also contains stabilizing cartilage known as menisci.

All of these systems combined allow for the knee joint to flex, bend and even move slightly side-to-side. While it's this variety of movement that makes activities like running and dancing possible, it is also this flexibility that leaves the knee even more prone to injury.

Causes of Knee Pain

Arthritis

Arthritis commonly attacks the knees do to overuse and should not be overlooked at any age. Some arthritis is the cause of a degenerative disease and others are the cause of poor dietary habits. This pain may be felt anywhere in the knee.

ACL Injury

The anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) runs across the knee and is commonly torn in athletes who make sudden shifts in direction like downhill skiers. This injury is typically accompanied by a loud pop at the time of injury, swelling and joint instability.

Bursitis

The bursa in your knee are filled with small amounts of fluid. These bursa can become inflamed due to injury or overuse causing pain and swelling. If you have bursitis you will likely feel heat at the site of pain and the area will feel squishy.

Tendonitis

Tendonitis is an inflammation of the tendons surrounding the knee. Typically, this is due to overuse or injury. Since tendons surround the knee it can be felt almost anywhere in the joint.

Torn Meniscus

The meniscus, made of cartilage, acts as a shock absorber between the upper and lower parts of your leg. However, a sudden and violent twisting action can cause this to tear. Unfortunately, cartilage rarely repairs itself so this pain may be persistent and require surgery. This tear may result in swelling and worsening pain while twisting.

Pain Behind the Knee

This can be caused by a variety of conditions. A pulled muscle, a cyst, deep vein thrombosis, tendonitis or bursitis.

Dislocation

As with other joints your knee joint can slip out of place. You should be able to see that your knee cap is off-centered and will find that the patella moves more freely than usual.

Osgood-Schlatter Disease

This condition often occurs in growing children. The pain is felt at the top of the shin bone where the soft area of the knee cap is. The pain typically subsides after several months or when the child is finished growing.

Degenerative Diseases

Rarely, knee pain is related to a degenerative disease. This may cause pieces of cartilage or bone to break off causing pain. This pain may be felt in any area of the knee and may require a knee replacement.

Medical Treatment

It is important to seek medical attention immediately for your pain if:

  • Your knee gives out causing a fall
  • Your knee is swelling
  • You cannot fully bend or extend your knee
  • You cannot bear any weight on the joint
  • See a malformation of the leg
  • Experience a fever with swelling, redness and pain

Depending on the cause of your pain your doctor may offer pain medications, surgery or physical therapy. Some conditions can be treated through corticosteroid or hyaluronic acid injections directly into the knee.


Home Remedies

Ask your doctor about the option of using OTC pain medications, bracing the joint and using ice on the joint for relief at home. Not all of these techniques will help every type of pain but your doctor should be able to suggest so unique options for you as well.

Comments

    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment

    No comments yet.

    working

    This website uses cookies

    As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, hubpages.com uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

    For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at: https://hubpages.com/privacy-policy#gdpr

    Show Details
    Necessary
    HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
    LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
    Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
    AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
    Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
    CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the googleapis.com or gstatic.com domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
    Features
    Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
    Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
    Marketing
    Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
    Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
    Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
    Statistics
    Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
    ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)