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LOW VITAMIN D LEVELS CAN INCREASE CAVITIES IN INFANTS

Updated on March 24, 2017
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Retired clinical dental assistant instructor from S.F.V.A.M.C..and wrote articles on preventive dentistry for employee newspaper.

Low Vitamin D levels In Pregnant Women Can Affect Their Baby's Teeth

Pregnant women with low Vitamin D levels can affect the health of their infant's primary teeth. A study had found, lower levels of Vitamin D in first time mothers were associated with an increased risk of cavities in infants.

Vitamin D levels are very important during the second trimester when the primary teeth calcification begins. Two hundred and seven expectant mothers were involved in the study. Most of these mothers were from low income urban areas.

Thirty- three percent of the 207 women had low levels of Vitamin D. Complete oral examinations were given to 122 one year old children. Researchers found, 22% of the children had enamel hypoplasia . The study also showed that the children's tooth enamel coating was thinner than normal or missing, and 36% of cavities were found.

Researchers concluded that the mothers of the children with cavities had significantly lower vitamin D levels than mothers from children who were cavity free. Prenatal vitamin D levels may have an impact on the development of primary teeth and early childhood cavities.

Vitamin D is acquired from direct exposure to the sun. It is found naturally in only a few foods. Most of the foods that are fortified with Vitamin D meet most of the daily requirement in American diets. According to the National Institutes of Health.

Vitamin D is most needed to maintain strong bones, muscle coordination, and to support the immune system. People with low vitamin D may develop brittle, thin, softening and sometimes bending of bone structure in the pelvis and leg bones of infants and children known as rickets.

Tags: pregnant mothers, vitamin D deficiency, infants, rickets, bone support. primary teeth, cavities.

Resource: The Explorer, the official newsletter of the N.A.D.A., June 2014, vol.40, No. 5

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