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Updated on January 16, 2016

Gout by: NHSChoices


Uric acid is created by the kidneys. Normal levels are 3.0 - 7.0 mg/dl. Levels can increase when foods containing 'purine' are metabolized. Purine is a part of our DNA and RNA, and is a crystalline base. When levels rise high (hyperuremia), uric acid crystalizes in the body system and settles in the joints (when severe it may settle in other parts of the body). This results in gout: pain and inflammation.


Some complications from gout are the following:

***Permanent Joint Damage/Deformities.

***Kidney Stones (The uric crystals increase/collect in the urinary tract causing kidney stones to form.

***Heart Disease: Although not clear (research is ongoing) to pinpoint the exact cause of high uric acid in relation to heart disease. Clinical studies are being done to find out if medications which lower uric acid levels also improve cardio-health.

***Lungs: In severe cases, crystals can accumulate in the lungs.

***Dry Eyes: Inadequate tear production.

***Cataracts: Clouding of the eye lens.

***Stenosis of the spine: This degeneration of the spine can cause weakness and numbness of the lower extremities as well as in the arms and hands.

***Incontinence: Severe spinal stenosis may affect the nerves of the bladder.

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If you are a gout sufferer, it is important to speak with your doctor about being referred to a nutritionist to get a comprehensive idea of what is the proper diet for you to follow to keep gout in check and to reduce/prevent flare-ups. If you do not suffer with gout, it is important to be aware of the foods containing purine, so that you will not over-indulge and possibly become a candidate for gout and its symptoms. Vitamin C, cherry juice, organic and/or low fat milk, whole grain breads and sugar free juice drinks have been found to be beneficial to some who suffer with gout.

Combing a balanced diet with a sufficient amount of physical activity such as walking, running, aerobics, yoga or tai-chi may help in lowering uric acid as well.


 ***NSAIDS: (Aspirin is not usually recommended). NSAIDS reduce pain/inflammation as well as corticosteroids.

***Meds which help uric acid to be eliminated from the body, as well as reduce its production.



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    • profile image

      ali 2 years ago


      I have uric acid is it gout or not?

    • Dr Ava Mazzafro profile image

      Dr Ava Mazzafro 3 years ago from Solebury PA

      Very informative. We have directed several PURIXA users to your hub. Well done!

    • Support Med. profile image

      Support Med. 3 years ago from Michigan

      Pardon my delay in responding. I'm no doctor, so I can't recommend what the best medication would be for reducing high uric acid levels. Best comment - good nutrition and as the hub stated, "Combing a balanced diet with a sufficient amount of physical activity such as walking, running, aerobics, yoga or tai-chi may help in lowering uric acid as well." Be careful of foods containing high levels of purine. Thanks for reading.

    • profile image

      Peter 4 years ago

      Thanks for this informative article, what is the best medication for reducing high uric acid.


    • profile image

      Support Med. 4 years ago

      Thanks for visiting this hub. Apologize for delayed response, saw this comment earlier and was just so busy at the time...As for the mushrooms, I was surprised too. I love mushrooms and thought there was no harm in consuming as much as you'd want, well I now know differently. But, it's good to know I don't have to stop altogether. Best wishes.

    • formosangirl profile image

      formosangirl 5 years ago from Los Angeles

      This is a very informative hub. I cannot believe that mushrooms are on the list. Thanks for sharing.

    • Support Med. profile image

      Support Med. 6 years ago from Michigan

      Don Bobbitt: Glad you found this hub useful. Thanks for the vote up. Have a great day!

    • Don Bobbitt profile image

      Don Bobbitt 6 years ago from Ruskin Florida

      Voted Up and Useful. Thanks

    • Support Med. profile image

      Support Med. 6 years ago from Michigan

      katiem2: You are one of the best at taking good care of yourself. Thanks for visiting and commenting. Good day!

      vocalcoach: Thanks for visiting and commenting. The more we know, the better we can do for ourselves. Good day!

    • vocalcoach profile image

      Audrey Hunt 6 years ago from Nashville Tn.

      Very informative hub! I did not know about uric acid levels. So glad I came across this article. How wonderful of you to share with us! :-)

    • katiem2 profile image

      katiem2 6 years ago from I'm outta here

      It's good to know about uric acid. The more we learn the more healthy we are. I drink lots of cranberry juice and water.

      Thanks for the tips on lowering uric acid levels.

      :) Katie

    • Support Med. profile image

      Support Med. 6 years ago from Michigan

      Thanks Pamela99 and Lady_E for visiting and commenting. Have a great day!!

    • Lady_E profile image

      Elena 6 years ago from London, UK

      Its the first time I have read about URIC acid. Scary stuff. Glad you have raised the awareness.

      Best Wishes. :)

    • Pamela99 profile image

      Pamela Oglesby 6 years ago from United States

      Support Med, It seems like I have been hearing more about gout recently. I remember having a couple of patients with gout and they were really in pain. This is a good informative article. Nicely done. Rated up.